Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion Deck (22):
1

motivation

goal-oriented behavior

2

drive

internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce the tension, push, (hunger)

3

incentive

an external goal that motivates behavior, pull

4

evolutionary theory of motivation

natural selection favors behaviors that maximize reproductive success

5

motivation of hunger/eating

controlled by hypothalamus, glucose, hormone insulin

6

phases of sexual response

excitement
plateau
orgasm
resolution

7

normative cues

socially appropriate food intake

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sensory cues

characteristics of food itself, palatability, obese people are more sensitive to these

9

settling-point theory

weight tends to drift around the level at which consumption and expenditure reach an equilibrium

10

achievement motive

the need to master difficult challenges, outperform others and meet high standards of excellence

11

affective forcasting

efforts to predict one's emotional reactions to future events, people tend to incorrectly predict intensity of emotions

12

galvanic skin response (GSR)

increase in the electrical conductivity in skin that occurs when sweat glands increase activity, measures emotions

13

polygraph

up to 85-90% accurate

14

controls emotion in the brain

focus is amygdala, also hypothalamus and limbic system

15

6 fundamental emotions

happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, disgust

16

facial feedback hypothesis

facial muscles send signals to the brain causing emotions

17

James-Lange theory

physical arousal leads to conscious experience

18

Cannon-Bard theory

thalamus sends signals to create arousal and conscious feeling of emotion at the same time

19

Schachter theory

arousal, then interpretation and then conscious feeling of emotion

20

evolutionary theories of emotion

emotions are innate reactions to certain stimuli, emotion evolved before thought

21

situational factors of achievement

probability of success
incentive value of success

22

hedonic adaptation

occurs when the baseline of how happy someone is at their neutral point shifts