Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

Psych 111 > Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders Deck (30):
1

medical model

thinking of abnormal behavior as disease

2

characteristics for diagnosis

deviance, maladaptive behavior, personal distress

3

comorbidity

coexistence of two or more disorders

4

prevalence

percentage of people that exhibit a disorder during a specific time period

5

most common psychological disorders

1. substance abuse
2. anxiety disorders
3. mood disorders

6

generalized anxiety disorder

chronic, high level of anxiety not tied to a specific threat

7

phobic disorder

persistent and irrational fear or an object or situation that presents no realistic danger

8

panic disorder

recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that occur suddenly and unexpectedly, serotonin

9

agoraphobia

fear of going out in public places

10

concordance rate

percentage of twins or relatives who exhibit the same disorder

11

dissociative disorders

loss of contact with portions consciousness or memory, disrupted sense of identity

12

dissociative amnesia

sudden loss of memory

13

dissociative fugue

people loss memory for entire life along with personal identity

14

dissociative identity disorder (DID)

multiple personalities

15

mood disorders

emotional disturbances that disrupt physical, perceptual, social and thought processes

16

major depressive dissorder

sadness and despair, loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure

17

anhedonia

diminished ability to experience pleasure

18

schizophrenic disorders

delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and deterioration of adaptive behavior. emerge during adolescence and early adulthood, structural abnormalities

19

delusions

false beliefs that are out of touch with reality

20

hallucinations

sensory perceptions that occur in absence or distortion of sensory input

21

paranoid schizophrenia

delusions of persecution, delusion of grandeur

22

catatonic schizophrenia

motor disturbances

23

disorganized schizophrenia

severe deterioration of adaptive behavior

24

negative symptoms

behavioral deficits

25

positive symptoms

behavioral excesses

26

expressed emotion

degree to which a relative of a patient is highly critical or emotionally over involved of/with the patient, high EE causes relapse

27

personality disorders

extreme, inflexible personality traits that cause subjective distress or impaired functioning

28

antisocial personality disorder

impulsive, agressive, irresponsible behavior

29

insanity

legal status indicating that a person can't be held accountable for their actions

30

culture-bound disorders

only found in certain cultural groups, windigo