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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (24):
1

psychology

the science that studies behavior and the processes that underly it, and the application of this science to solving problems

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psychology's intellectual parents

philosophy and physiology

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Wilhelm Wundt
1832-1920

first to conduct psychological research, focused on conscious experience,

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G.Stanley Hall
1846-1924

launched first psych journal and lab, driving force behind formation of APA

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Edward Tichener

father of structuralism

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Structuralism

the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related, introspection, vision hearing touch

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introspection

the careful, systematic self-observation of one's own conscious experience

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William James
1842-1910

father of functionalism, published Principles of Psychology, natural selection, stream of consciousness

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Functionalism

psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure

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Sigmund Freud
1856-1939

psychoanalytic theory, discovered unconscious mind

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unconscious

contains memories, thoughts and desires that influence behavior

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psychoanalytic psych

explains personality, motivation and mental disorders using unconscious

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John B. Watson

founded behaviorism, nature over nurture

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Behaviorism

psychology should only study observable behavior, stimulus-response psychology

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Behavior

any observable response or activity by an organism

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B.F.Skinner
1904-1990

returned study to behaviorism, unconscious existed but wasn't important to study, free will is an illusion, respond to positive/negative stimuli

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Humanistic psych

theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially freedom and potential for personal growth, optimistic, no animal study, Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

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applied psychology

concerned with everyday practical problems

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Cognitive psych

the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge, the ways people think influence actions

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Biological/neuroscience

Olds, Sperry, Hubel, Wiesel
Functioning can be explained in terms of the bodily structures and biochemical processes

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Evolutionary psych

examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations

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Positive psych

uses theory and research to better understand positive, adaptive, creative and fulfilling aspects of human existence,
Seligman

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psychiatry

branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders

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empiricism

the premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation , psych is