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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (30):
1

ascending reticular activating system

different fibers running through the reticular formation the influence physiological arousal

2

biological rhythms

periodical fluctuations in physiological functioning

3

cannabis

the hemp plant from which marijuana, hashish, and THC are derived

4

circadian rhythyms

24 hour biological cycles found in humans and other species, control sleep schedule

5

dissociation

splitting off of mental processes into two separate, simultaneous streams of awareness

6

electroencephalograph (EEG)

monitors electrical activity of brain by use of recording electrodes attached to surface of scalp

7

electromyograph (EMG)

records muscular activity and tension

8

hallucinogens

drugs that distort sensory and perceptual experience

9

latent content

Freud, hidden meaning of events in a dream

10

lucid dreams

dreams in which people can think clearly about the circumstances of waking life and the fact that they are dreaming

11

manifest content

freud, plot of a dream at surface level

12

MDMA

drug related to amphetamines and hallucinogens , especially mescaline, called ecstacy

13

narcotics

drugs derived from opium, relieve pain

14

neurogenesis

formation of new neurons in the brain

15

night terrors

abrupt wakings from NREM sleep with autonomic arousal and panic

16

nightmares

REM sleep, anxiety-arousing

17

non-REM sleep (NREM)

stages 1-4, no rapid eye movement, little dreaming

18

psychoactive drugs

chemical substances that modify mental, emotional or behavioral functioning

19

REM sleep

deep stage of sleep with rapid eye movements, high-frequency brain waves and dreaming, beta waves

20

REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD)

troublesome dream enactments during REM

21

sedatives

sleep-inducing drugs that decrease nervous system activation and behavioral activity

22

slow-wave sleep (SWS)

stages 3-4, low-frequency delta waves

23

somnabulism

sleepwalking

24

stimulants

drugs that increase central nervous system activation and behavioral activity

25

mesolimbic dopamine pathway

reward pathway, increases drug dependency

26

awake

beta waves

27

drowsy

alpha waves

28

stage 1

theta waves

29

stage 2

spindles

30

stage 3 and 4

slow wave sleep, delta waves