Ch. 4.3 National Unification and the National State Flashcards Preview

MWH ch.1-8 > Ch. 4.3 National Unification and the National State > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4.3 National Unification and the National State Deck (17):
1

militarism

reliance on armed force (ex. Prussia)

2

kaiser

emperor (ex. of German Empire)

3

plebiscite

election in which people can only vote yes/no to a proposition

4

emancipation

freeing. emancipation edict: freed the serfs

5

abolitionism

movement to end slavery

6

secede

withdraw (South Carolina from the U.S.)

7

(a) reliance

"Prussia was also known for its militarism, or RELIANCE on armed force."

8

(a) levy

"When the Prussian legislature refused to LEVY new taxes for the proposed military changes, William I appointed a new prime minister, Count Otto von Bismarck."

9

(a) successor

"When a group of radicals assassinated Alexander II in 1881, his son and SUCCESSOR, Alexander III, turned against reform and returned to the old methods of repression."

10

(p) Giuseppe Garibaldi

dedicated Italian patriot. arose in southern Italy. raised army of volunteers to fight for independence, known as Red Shirts. gain control up through Italian peninsula. turn over conquests, King Victor Emmanuel II reign.

11

(p) Otto von Bismarck

prime minister of Prussia/German Empire. practice realpolitik---politics based on practical matters rather than theory/ethics. military expansion. collect taxes to strengthen army. war with many countries--->create Second German Reich/Empire. advise William I.

12

(p) Queen Victoria

reign 1837-1901. respected for sense of duty and morals. Victorian Age. British national pride.

13

(p) Czar Alexander II

make severe reforms. freed serfs in emancipation edict. peasants could own land and marry freely. not very helpful. many displeased. assassinated 1881.

14

(pl) Piedmont

Italian nationalists focused hopes for independence here

15

(pl) Alsace

after Franco-Prussian War, France surrendered in 1871. cost: pay 5 bil. francs+give up provinces of Alsace and Lorraine

16

(pl) Lorraine

after Franco-Prussian War, France surrendered in 1871. cost: pay 5 bil. francs+give up provinces of Alsace and Lorraine

17

(pl) Budapest

Compromise of 1867---split up Austria into Austira-Hungary. separate gov'ts but one ruler. this city became new capital for Hungary.