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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (177):
1

Pulmon

Root
Lung

2

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

3

Pulmonary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the lungs

4

Pulmon/o

Root + Combining Form
Lung

5

Logy

Suffix
Study of

6

Pulmonology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Study of the lungs or the medical specialty of disorders of the lungs

7

Pulmo/o

Root + Combining Form
Lung

8

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

9

Pulmonologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Specialist in treating disorders of the lungs

10

Pneumon

Root
Lung, air

11

Ia

Suffix
Condition

12

Pneumonia

Root + Suffix
Condition of the lungs or air

13

Pneumon

Root
Lung or air

14

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

15

Pneumonitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma

16

Respir

Root
To breathe

17

Ation

Suffix
Process

18

Respiration

Root + Suffix
Process of breathing, fundamental process of life used to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide

19

Respir

Root
To breathe

20

Atory

Suffix
Pertaining to

21

Respiratory

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to respiration

22

Gastr

Root
Stomach

23

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

24

Gastric

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the stomach

25

Epi

Prefix
Above

26

Gastr

Root
Stomach

27

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

28

Epigastric

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Abdominal region above the stomach

29

Hypo

Prefix
Below

30

Gastr

Root
Stomach

31

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

32

Hypogastric

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Abdominal region below the stomach

33

Later

Root
Side

34

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

35

Lateral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to one side of the body

36

Bi

Prefix
Two

37

Later

Root
Side

38

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

39

Bilateral

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to both sides of the body

40

Uni

Prefix
One

41

Later

Root
Side

42

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

43

Unilateral

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to one side of the body only

44

Macro

Prefix
Large

45

Cyte

Root
Cell

46

Macrocyte

Prefix + Root
Large cell

47

Macro

Prefix
Large

48

Cyte

Root
Cell

49

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

50

Macrocytic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a macrocyte

51

Mature

Latin Ready
Fully developed

52

Post

Prefix
After

53

Mature

Root
Fully developed

54

Postmature

Prefix + Root
Infant born after 42 weeks of gestation

55

Pre

Prefix
Before

56

Mature

Root
Fully developed

57

Premature

Prefix + Root
Occurring before the expected time. An infant born before 37 weeks of gestation

58

Micro

Prefix
Small

59

Cyte

Root
Cell

60

Microcyte

Prefix + Root
Small Red blood cell

61

Micro

Prefix
Small

62

Cyte

Root
Cell

63

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

64

Microcytic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a small red blood cell

65

Nat

Root
Birth, born

66

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

67

Natal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to birth

68

Peri

Prefix
Around

69

Perinatal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Around the time of birth

70

Post

Prefix
After

71

Postnatal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
After the birth

72

Pre

Prefix
Before

73

Prenatal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Before the birth

74

Pneum/o

Root + Combining Form
Air, lung

75

Thorax

Root
Chest

76

Pneumothorax

Root + Combining Form + Root
Air in the pleural cavity

77

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

78

Logist

Suffix
One who studies and is a specialist in

79

Cardiologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart

80

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

81

Logy

Suffix
Study of

82

Cardiology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty of diseases of the heart

83

Carid/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

84

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

85

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

86

Cardiomyopathy

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Disease of the heart muscle the myocardium

87

Dia

Prefix
Complete

88

Gnosis

Root
Knowledge of an abnormal condition

89

Diagnosis

Prefix + Root
The determination of the cause of a disease

90

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

91

Diagnostic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or establishing a diagnosis

92

Gnose

Root
Recognize an abnormal condition

93

Diagnose

Prefix + Root
To make a diagnosis

94

Pro

Prefix
Before, project forward

95

Gnosis

Root
Knowledge of an abnormal condition

96

Prognosis

Prefix + Root
A forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease

97

Electr/o

Root + Combining Form
Electricity

98

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

99

Gram

Suffix
Record

100

Electrocardiogram

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Record of the heart's electrical signals

101

In

Prefix
In

102

Farct

Root
Area of dead tissue

103

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

104

Infarction

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Sudden blockage of an artery

105

Infart

Prefix + Root
An area of cell death resulting from blockage of its blood supply

106

Isch

Root
To block

107

Emia

Suffix
A blood condition

108

Ischemia

Root + Suffix
Lack of blood supply to tissue

109

Emic

Suffix
Pertaining to a condition of the blood

110

Ischemic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the lack of blood supply to tissue

111

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

112

Cardi

Root
Heart

113

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

114

Myocardial

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to heart muscle

115

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

116

Cardi

Root
Heart

117

Um

Suffix
Structure

118

Myocardium

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
All the heart muscle

119

Axilla

Latin Armpit
Medical term for the armpit

120

Axill

Root
Armpit

121

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

122

Axillary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the armpit

123

De

Prefix
Condition

124

Ment

Root
Mind

125

Ia

Suffix
Condition

126

Dementia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Chronic, progressive, irreversible loss of intellectual and mental functions

127

Ganglion

Greek A swelling or knot
A fluid-filled cyst or collection of nerve cells outside the brain and spinal cord

128

Ileum

Latin To twist or roll up
Third portion of the small intestine

129

Ilium

Latin Groin
Large wing-shaped bone at the upper and posterior part of the pelvis

130

Mucus

Latin Slime
Sticky secretion of cells in mucous membranes

131

Muc

Root
Mucus

132

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

133

Mucous

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to mucus or the mucosa

134

Muc

Root
Mucus

135

Osa

Suffix
Full of; like

136

Mucose

Root + Suffix
Lining of a tubular structure that secretes mucus

137

Prostate

Greek One who stands before
Organ surrounding the urethera at the base of the male urinary bladder

138

Prostrate

Latin To stretch out
To lay flat or to be overcome by physical weakness and exhaustion

139

Reflex

Latin Bend back
An involuntary response to a stimulus

140

Reflux

Latin Backward flow
Backward flow

141

Septum

Latin A partition
A thin wall separating two cavities or two tissue masses

142

Cervic

Root
Neck

143

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

144

Cervical

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the cervix or to the neck region

145

Cervix

Latin Neck
Lower part of the uterus

146

Hyper

Prefix
Above normal

147

Tens

Root
Pressure

148

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

149

Hypertension

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Persisten high arterial blood pressure

150

Ive

Suffix
Pertaining to

151

Hypertensive

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from high blood pressure

152

Hypo

Prefix
Below normal

153

Hypotension

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Persistent low arterial blood pressure

154

Hypotensive

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from low blood pressure

155

In

Prefix
In

156

Fusion

Root
To pour

157

Infusion

Prefix + Root
Introduction of a substance other than blood intravenously

158

Trans

Prefix
Across, through

159

Fusion

Root
Across, through

160

Transfusion

Prefix + Root
Transfer of blood or a blood component from a donor to a recipient

161

Intra

Prefix
Within, inside

162

Ven

Root
Vein

163

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

164

Intravenous

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inside a vein

165

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

166

Logy

Suffix
Study of

167

Neurology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty of disorders of the nervous system

168

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

169

Logist

Suffix
One who studies and is a specialist in

170

Neurologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialist in disorders if the nervous system

171

Protocol

Latin Contents page of a book
Detailed plan; in this case, for a regimen of therapy

172

Ureter
Urethra

Greek Urinary Canal
Tube that connects a kidney to the urinary bladder
Greek Passage for urine

173

Ur/o

Root + Combining Form
Urine

174

Logy

Suffix
Study of

175

Urology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty of disorders of the urinary system

176

Uterus

Latin Womb
Organ is which an egg develops into a fetus

177

Vertebra

Latin Bone in the spine
One of the bones of the spinal column