Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (524):
1

Aliment

Root
Nourishment, food

2

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

3

Alimentary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the digestive tract

4

Alimentary canal

Canal, Latin a duct or channel
Digestive tract

5

Anus

Latin A ring
Terminal opening of the digestive tract through which feces are discharged

6

An

Root
Anus

7

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

8

Anal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the anus

9

Bari

Root
Weight

10

Atric

Suffix
Treatment

11

Bariatric

Root + Suffix
Treatment of obesity

12

Digest

Root
To break down food

13

Ion

Suffix
Action

14

Digestion

Root + Suffix
Breakdown of food into elements suitable for cell metabolism

15

Digest

Root
To break down food

16

Ive

Suffix
Nature of, quality of

17

Digestive

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to digestion

18

Esophagus

Greek Gullet
Tube linking the pharynx and the stomach

19

Gastr

Root
Stomach

20

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

21

Gastric

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the stomach

22

Gastr/o

Root + Combining Form
Stomach

23

Enter/o

Root + Combining Form
Intestine

24

Logy

Suffix
Study of

25

Gastroenterology

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty of the stomach and intestines

26

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

27

Gastroenterologosit

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialist in gastroenterology

28

Gastr/o

Root + Combining Form
Stomach

29

Intestin

Root
Gut, intestine

30

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

31

Gastrointestinal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the stomach and intestines

32

Intestine

Latin Intestine, gut
The digestive tube from stomach to anus

33

Intestin

Root
Gut

34

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

35

Intestinal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the intestines

36

Lapar/o

Root + Combining Form
Abdomen in general

37

Scopy

Suffix
To view, to examine

38

Laparoscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Examination of contents of abdomen using an endoscope

39

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

40

Laparoscope

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument (endoscope) used for viewing abdominal contents

41

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

42

Laparoscopic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix + Suffix
Pertaining to to laparoscopy

43

Nutrient

Latin To nourish
A substance in food required for normal physiologic function

44

Nutrit

Root
Nourishment

45

Ive

Suffix
Nature of, pertaining to

46

Nutritive

Root + Suffix
Providing nourishment

47

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

48

Nutrition

Root + Suffix
The study of food and liquid requirements for normal function of the human body

49

Ist

Suffix
Specialist in

50

Nutritionist

Root + Suffix
Certified professional in nutrition science

51

Bolus

Greek Lump
A single mass of a substance

52

Deglutit

Root
To swallow

53

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

54

Deglutition

Root + Suffix
The act of swallowing

55

Mastic

Root
Chew

56

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to, composed of

57

Masticate

Root + Suffix
To chew

58

Ation

Suffix
Process

59

Mastication

Root + Suffix
The process of chewing

60

Peri

Prefix
Around

61

Stalsis

Root
Constrict

62

Peristalsis

Prefix + Root
Waves of alternate contraction and relaxation of the intestinal wall to move food along the digestive tract

63

Dent

Root
Tooth

64

Ine

Suffix
Pertaining to, substance

65

Dentine

Root + Suffix
Dense, ivory- like substance located under the enamel in a tooth

66

Dent

Root
Tooth

67

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

68

Dentist

Root + Suffix
A qualified practitioner in the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the oral facial complex

69

Enamel

French Enamel
Hard substance covering a tooth

70

En

Prefix
In

71

Zyme

Root
Enzyme, fermenting

72

Enzyme

Prefix + Root
Protein that induces changes in other substances

73

Mouth

Old English Mouth
External opening of a cavity or canal

74

Nas/o

Root + Combining Form
Nose

75

Pharynx

Root
Throat

76

Nasopharynx

Root + Combining Form + Root
Region of the pharynx at the back of the nose and above the soft palate

77

Or

Root
Mouth

78

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

79

Oral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the mouth

80

Palate

Latin Palate
Roof of the mouth

81

Papilla

Latin Small pimple
Any small projection

82

Par

Prefix
Beside

83

Ot

Root
Ear

84

Id

Suffix
Having a particular quality

85

Parotid

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The parotid gland is the salivary gland beside the ear

86

Pulp

Latin Flesh
Dental pulp is the connective tissue in the cavity in the center of the tooth

87

Saliva

Latin Spit
Secretion in mouth from salivary glands

88

Saliv

Root
Saliva

89

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

90

Salivary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to saliva

91

Sub

Prefix
Underneath

92

Lingu

Root
Tongue

93

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

94

Sublingual

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Underneath the tongue

95

Sub

Prefix
Underneath

96

Mandibul

Root
Mandible

97

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

98

Submandibular

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Underneath the mandible

99

Tongue

Latin Tongue
Mobile muscle mass in the mouth; bears the taste buds

100

Uvula

Latin Grape
Fleshy projection of the soft palate

101

Aphthous

Greek Ulcer
Painful small oral ulcers

102

Canker

Latin Crab
Non-medical term for aphthous ulcer

103

Caries

Latin Dry rot
Bacterial destruction of teeth

104

Gingiva

Latin Gum
Tissue surrounding the teeth and covering the jaw

105

Gingiv

Root
Gum

106

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

107

Gingival

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the gums

108

Gingiv

Root
Gum

109

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

110

Gingivitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the gums

111

Gingiv

Root
Gum

112

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

113

Gingivectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of diseased gums

114

Halit

Root
Breath

115

Osis

Suffix
Condition

116

Halitosis

Root + Suffix
Bad odor of the breath

117

Peri

Prefix
Around

118

Odont

Root
Tooth

119

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

120

Periodontal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Around a tooth

121

Peri

Prefix
Around

122

Odont

Root
Tooth

123

Ics

Suffix
Knowledge

124

Periodontics

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Branch of dentistry specializing in disorders of tissues around the teeth

125

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

126

Periodontist

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Specialist in periodontics

127

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

128

Periodontitis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of tissues around a tooth

129

Plaque

French Plate
Patch of abnormal tissue

130

Py/o

Root + Combining Form
Pus

131

Rrhea

Root
Flow

132

Pyorrhea

Root + Combining Form + Root
Purulent discharge

133

Tartar

Latin Crust on wine casks
Calcified deposit at the gingival margin of the teeth

134

Thrush

Root Unknown
Infection with Candida albicans

135

A

Prefix
Without

136

Symptomat

Root
Symptom

137

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

138

Asymptomatic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Without any symptoms or abnormalities experienced by the patient

139

Symptomatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the symptoms of a disease

140

Dys

Prefix
Difficulty

141

Phagia

Root
Swallowing

142

Dysphagia

Prefix + Root
Difficulty in swallowing

143

Emesis

Emesis Greek To vomit
Vomit

144

Hemat

Root
Blood

145

Emesis

Root
To vomit

146

Hematemesis

Root + Root
Vomiting of red blood

147

Esophagus

Greek Gullet
Tube linking pharynx to stomach

148

Esophag

Root
Esophagus

149

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

150

Esophageal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the esophagus

151

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

152

Esophagitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the lining of the esophagus

153

Hernia

Latin Rupture
Protrusion of a structure through the tissue that normally contains it

154

Herni/o

Root + Combining Form
Hernia

155

Rrahphy

Suffix
Suture

156

Herniorrahphy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to a hiatus

157

Post

Prefix
After

158

Prand

Root
Breakfast

159

Ial

Suffix
Pertaining to

160

Postprandial

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Following a meal

161

Re

Prefix
Back

162

Flux

Root
Flow

163

Reflux

Prefix + Root
Backward flow

164

Sphincter

Greek A band
A band of muscle that encircles an opening; when it contracts the opening squeezes closed

165

Varix

Latin Dilated vein
Dilated, tortuous vein

166

Varic

Root
Varicosity; dilated, tortuous vein

167

Ose

Suffix
Full of

168

Varicose

Root + Suffix
Characterized be or affected with varices

169

Chyme

Greek Juice
Semifluid, partially digested food passed from the stomach into the duodenum

170

Duoden

Root
Twelve

171

Um

Suffix
Structure

172

Duodenum

Root + Suffix
The first part of the small intestine; approximately twelve finger-breadths

173

Duoden

Root
Twelve

174

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

175

Duodenal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the duodenum

176

Gastr

Root
Stomach

177

In

Suffix
Substance, chemical compound

178

Gastrin

Root + Suffix
Hormone secreted in the stomach that stimulate secretion of HCl and increases gastric motility

179

Hydr/o

Root + Combining Form
Water

180

Chlor

Root
Green

181

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

182

Hydrochloric

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
The acid of gastric juice

183

Intrins

Root
On the inside

184

Factor

Root
Maker

185

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

186

Intrinsic Factor

Root + Suffix + Root
Makes the absorption of vitamin B12 happen

187

Mucus

Latin Slime
Sticky secretion of cells in mucous membranes

188

Mucous

Relating to mucus or the mucosa

189

Mucin

Protein element if mucus

190

Pepsin

Greek To digest
Enzyme produced by the stomach that breaks down protein

191

Pepsin/o

Root + Combining Form
Pepsin

192

Gen

Suffix
Produce

193

Pepsinogen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Converted by HCl in the stomach to pepsin

194

Pylor

Root
Gate, pylorus

195

Us

Suffix
Pertaining to

196

Pylorus

Root + Suffix
Exit area of the stomach

197

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

198

Pyloric

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the Pylorus

199

Absorpt

Root
To swallow

200

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

201

Absorption

Root + Suffix
Uptake of nutrients and water by cells in the GI tract

202

An

Prefix
Without

203

Orex

Root
Appetite

204

Ia

Suffix
Condition

205

Anorexia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Without an appetite; or an aversion to food

206

Cec

Root
Cecum

207

Um

Suffix
Structure

208

Cecum

Root + Suffix
Blind pouch that is the first part of the large intestine

209

Cec

Root
Cecum

210

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

211

Cecal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the cecum

212

Dys

Prefix
Difficult, bad

213

Peps

Root
Digestion

214

Ia

Suffix
Condition

215

Dyspepsia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
"Upset stomach" epigastric pain, nausea and gas

216

Gastr

Root
Stomach

217

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

218

Gastritis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the lining of the stomach

219

Gastr/o

Root + Combining Form
Stomach

220

Esophag/e

Root + Combining Form
Esophagus

221

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

222

Gastroesophageal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the stomach and esophagus

223

Gastr/o

Root + Combining Form
Stomach

224

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

225

Gastroscope

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Endoscope for examining to the inside of the stomach

226

Gastr/o

Root + Combining Form
Stomach

227

Scopy

Suffix
To examine, to view

228

Gastroscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Endoscopic examination of the stomach

229

Ile

Root
Iieum

230

Um

Suffix
Structure

231

Ileum

Root + Suffix
Third portion of small intestine

232

Ile/o

Root + Combining Form
Ileum

233

Cec

Root
Cecum

234

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

235

Ileocecal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the junction of the ileum and cecum

236

In

Prefix
In, not

237

Digest

Root
To break down

238

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

239

Indigestion

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Symptoms resulting from difficulty in digesting food

240

Jejun

Root
Jejunum

241

Um

Suffix
Structure

242

Jejunum

Root + Suffix
Segment of small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum

243

Jejun

Root
Jejunum

244

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

245

Jejunal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the Jejunum

246

Pept

Root
Digest

247

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

248

Peptic

Root + Suffix
Relating to the stomach and duodenum

249

Perforat

Root
Bore through

250

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

251

Perforation

Root + Suffix
A hole through the wall of a structure

252

Stricture

Latin Draw tight
Narrowing of a tube

253

Bile

Latin Bile
Fluid secreted by the liver into the duodenum

254

Bil/i

Root + Combining Form
Bile

255

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

256

Biliary

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to bile or the biliary tract

257

Bile Acids

Steroids synthesized from cholesterol

258

Bil/i

Root + Combining Form
Bile

259

Rubin

Suffix
Rust colored

260

bilirubin

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Bile pigment formed in the liver from hemoglobin

261

Cirrh

Root
Yellow

261

Osis

Suffix
Condition

261

Cirrhosis

Root + Suffix
Extensive fibrotic liver disease

261

Glyc/o

Root + Combining Form
Sugar, glycogen

261

Gen

Suffix
Produce, create

261

Hepat

Root
Liver

261

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

261

Hepatitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the liver

261

Jaundice

French Yellow
Yellow staining of tissues with bile pigments, including bilirubin

261

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

261

Dia

Prefix
Complete

261

Provisional Diagnosis

Root + Suffix + Prefix + Root
A temporary diagnosis pending further examination or testing. The determination of the cause of a disease

261

Cholecytstitis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the gallbladder

261

Chole

Root + Combining Form
Bile

261

Cyst

Root
Bladder

261

Cholecystectomy

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the gallbladder

261

Lith

Root
Stone

261

Chol/e

Root + Combining Form
Bile

261

Lith

Root
Stone

261

Chol/e

Root + Combining Form
Bile

261

Cholelithotomy

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Surgical removal of a gallstone

261

Endo

Prefix
Within, inside

261

Exo

Prefix
Outward, outside

261

Crine

Root
Secrete

261

Exocrine

Prefix + Root
A gland that secretes substances outwardly through excretory ducts

261

Gallstone

Root + Root
Hard mass of cholesterol, calcium and bilirubin that can be formed in the gallbladder and bile duct

261

Gluc

Root
Glucose, sugar

261

Glucagon

Root + Root
Hormone that mobilizes glucose from body storage

261

In

Suffix
Chemical compound

261

Pancreas

Greek Sweetbread
Lobulated gland, the head of which is tucked into the curve of the duodenum

261

Pancreatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the pancreas

261

Glycogen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The body's principal carbohydrate reserve, stored in the liver and skeletal muscle

261

Hepat

Root
Liver

261

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

261

Hepatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the liver

261

Liver

Old English Liver
Body's largest organ located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen

261

Provision

Root
Provide

261

Gnosis

Root
Knowledge of an abnormal condition

261

Chol/e

Root + Combining Form
Bile

261

Cyst

Root
Bladder

261

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

261

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

261

Choledoch/o

Root + Combining Form
Common bile duct

261

Iasis

Suffix
Condition

261

Choledocholithiasis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Presence of a gallstone in the common bile duct

261

Iasis

Suffix
Condition

261

Cholelithiasis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Condition of having bile stones

261

Lith/o

Root + Combining Form
Stone

261

Tomy

Suffix
Surgical incision

261

Crine

Root
Secrete

261

Endocrine

Prefix + Root
A gland that produces an internal or hormonal substance and secretes it into the bloodstream

261

Gall

Root
Bitter

261

Stone

Root
Pebble

261

Gallbladder

Bladder, Old English Receptacle
Receptacle on the inferior surface of the liver for storing bile

261

Agon

Root
To fight

261

Insul

Root
Island

261

Insulin

Root + Suffix
Pancreatic hormone that suppresses blood glucose levels and transports glucose into cells

261

Pancreat

Root
Pancreas

261

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

261

Pancreatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the pancreas

262

Pancreatitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the pancreas

262

Ac

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

Diarrhea

Prefix + Root
Abnormally frequent and loose stools

262

Scopy

Root
To examine, view

262

Endoscopy

Prefix + Root
The use of an endoscope

262

Scope

Root
Instrument for viewing

262

Endoscope

Prefix + Root
Instrument used to examine the interior of a tubular or hollow organ

262

Ence

Suffix
Forming

262

Flatus

Latin Blowing
Gas or air expelled through the anus

262

Gen

Suffix
To produce

262

Glycogen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The body's principal carbohydrate reserve, stored in the liver and skeletal muscle

262

Portal Vein

Portal, Latin Gate
Vein, Latin Vein
The vein that carries blood from the intestines to the liver

262

Emuls

Root
Suspend in a liquid

262

Ion

Suffix
Condition

262

Lacteal

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A lymphatic vessel carrying chyle away from the intestine

262

Lipase

Root + Suffix
Enzyme that breaks down fat

262

Lipid

Greek Fat
General term for all types of fatty compounds, cholesterol, triglycerides and fatty acids

262

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

Ation

Suffix
Process

262

De

Prefix
Without

262

Ation

Suffix
A process

262

Dys

Prefix
Bad, difficult

262

Dysentery

Prefix + Root
Disease with diarrhea, bowel spasms, fever and dehydration

262

Enter

Root
Intestine

262

Gastroenteritis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines

262

Lactose

Latin Milk sugar
The disaccharide found in cow's milk

262

Ase

Suffix
Enzyme

262

Lactase

Root + Suffix
Enzyme that breaks down lactose to glucose and galactose

262

Nutrit

Root
Nourishment

262

An/o

Root + Combining Form
Anus

262

Anal

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the anus

262

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

262

Anorectal junction

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
The junction between the anus and rectum

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Appendicectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the appendix

262

Col

Root
Colon

262

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

Col

Root
Colon

262

Colitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the colon

262

Feces

Latin Dregs
Undigested, waste material discharged from the bowel

262

Fec

Root
Feces

262

Fecal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to feces

262

Fec

Root
Feces

262

Defecation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Evacuation of feces from rectum and anus

262

Ileum

Latin Roll up, twist
Third portion of the small intestine

262

Ile/o

Root + Combining Form
Ileum

262

Cec

Root
Cecum

262

Rectal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the rectum

262

Bowel

Latin Sausage
Another name for intestine

262

Um

Suffix
Structure

262

Fistula

Latin Pipe, tube
Abnormal passage

262

Hem/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood

262

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

262

Intus

Prefix
Within

262

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

262

Melena

Greek Black
The passage of black, tarry stools

262

Hemoccult Test

Trade name for a fecal occult blood test

262

Um

Suffix
Stucture

262

Periton/e

Root + Combining Form
Stretch over

262

Peritoneal

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the peritoneum

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Polyp

Latin Foot
Mass of tissue that projects into the lumen of bowel

262

Polyposis

Root + Suffix
Presence of several polyps

262

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

262

Proct

Root
Rectum

262

Proctitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the lining of the rectum

262

Logist

Suffix
Specialist

262

Anastom

Root
Provide a mouth

262

Anastomosis

Root + Suffix
A surgically made union between two tubular structures

262

Scope

Root
Instrument for viewing

262

Endo

Prefix
Within, inside

262

Endoscopy

Prefix + Root
The use of an endoscope

262

Scopy

Root
To examine, to view

262

Pan

Prefix
All

262

Scopy

Root
To examine, to view

262

Proct/o

Root + Combining Form
Anus

262

Proctoscopy

Root + Combining Form + Root
Examination of the inside of the anus by endoscopy

262

Gastr/o

Root + Combining Form
Stomach

262

Gastroscopy

Root + Combining Form + Root
Examination of the inside of the stomach by endoscopy

262

Stomy

Suffix
New opening

262

Ile/o

Root + Combining Form
Ileum

262

Ileostomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Artificial opening from the ileum to the outside of the body

262

Pancreat

Root
Pancreas

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Celi

Root
Abdomen

262

Dis

Prefix
Apart

262

Ease

Root
Normal function

262

Celiac Disease

Root + Suffix + Prefix + Root
Disease caused by sensitivity to gluten

262

Dia

Prefix
Complete

262

Rhea

Root
Flow, discharge

262

Endo

Prefix
Inside, within

262

Endo

Prefix
Inside, within

262

Flatul

Root
Excessive gas

262

Flatulence

Root + Suffix
Excessive amount of gas in the stomach and intestines

262

Gluten

Latin Glue
Insoluble protein found in wheat, barley and oats

262

Glyc/o

Root + Combining Form
Sugar/glucose

262

Mal

Prefix
Bad, difficult

262

Absorpt

Root
Swallow, take in

262

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

262

Malabsorption

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inadequate gastrointestinal absorption of nutrients

262

Starch

Anglo-Saxon Stiffen
Complex carbohydrate made of multiple units of glucose attached together

262

Villus
Villi (pl)

Latin Shaggy hair
Thin, hairlike projection, particularly of a mucous membrane lining a cavity

262

Amin/o

Root + Combining Form
Nitrogen containing

262

Acid

Acid, Latin Sour

262

Amino acid

Root + Combining Form
The basic building block for protein

262

Chyle

Greek Juice
A milky fluid that results from the digestion and absorption of fats in the small intestine

262

Emuls

Root
Suspend in a liquid

262

Ify

Suffix
To become

262

Emulsify

Root + Suffix
Break up into very small droplets to suspend in a solution

262

Emulsion

Root + Suffix
The system that contains small droplets suspended in a liquid

262

Lact/e

Root + Combining Form
Milk

262

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

Lip

Root
Fat

262

Ase

Suffix
Enzyme

262

Miner

Root
Mines

262

Mineral

Root + Suffix
Inorganic compound usually found in the earth's crust

262

Constip

Root
Press together

262

Constipation

Root + Suffix
Hard, infrequent bowel movements

262

Crohn Disease

Narrowing and thickening of terminal small bowel

262

Enter

Root
Intestine

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Enteritis

Root + Suffix
Narrowing and thickening of terminal small bowel

262

Hydr

Root
Water

262

Dehydration

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Process of losing water

262

Entery

Root
Condition of the intestine

262

Gastr/o

Root + Combining Form
Stomach

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Lact

Root
Milk

262

Mal

Prefix
Bad, difficult, inadequate

262

Ion

Suffix
Process

262

Malnutrition

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inadequate nutrition from poor diet or inadequate absorption of nutrients

262

Anus

Latin Ring
Terminal opening of the digestive tract through which feces are discharged

262

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

An/o

Root + Combining Form
Anus

262

Rect

Root
Rectum

262

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

Junct

Root
Joining together

262

Appendix

Latin Appendage
Small blind projection from the pouch of the cecum

262

Appendic

Root
Appendix

262

Appendicitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the appendix

262

Appendic

Root
Appendix

262

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

262

Colon

Greek Colon
The large intestine, extending from the cecum to the rectum

262

Colic

Root + Suffix
Spasmodic, crampy pains in the abdomen

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

De

Prefix
Removal

262

Ation

Suffix
Process

262

Flexure

Latin Blend
A bend in a structure

262

Al

Suffiix
Pertaining to

262

Sphincter

Greek Band

262

Ileocecal Sphincter

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Band of muscle that encircles the junction of ileum and cecum

262

Rectum

Latin Straight
Terminal part of the colon from the sigmoid to the anal canal

262

Rect

Root
Rectum

262

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

Sigmoid

Greek Letter "S"
Sigmoid colon is shaped like an "S"

262

Diverticul

Root
Byroad

262

Diverticulum

Root + Suffix
A pouchlike opening or sac from a tubular structure

262

Osis

Suffix
Condition

262

Diverticulosis

Root + Suffix
Presence of a number of small pouches in the wall of the large intestine

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Diverticulitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the diverticula

262

Fissure

Latin Split
Deep furrow or cleft

262

Hem/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood

262

Rrhoid

Suffix
Flow

262

Hemorrhoid

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Dilated rectal vein producing painful anal swelling

262

Rrhoid

Suffix
Flow

262

Hemorrhoidectomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix + Suffix
Surgical removal of hemorrhoids

262

Suscept

Root
To take up

262

Intussusception

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The slipping of one part of bowel inside another to cause obstruction

262

Occult Blood

Occult, Latin To hide
Blood that cannot be seen in the stool but is positive on a fecal occult blood test

262

Periton/e

Root + Combining Form
Stretch over

262

Peritoneum

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

262

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

262

Periton/e

Root + Combining Form
Stretch over

262

Peritonitis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Inflammation of the peritoneum

262

Polyp

Root
Polyp

262

Osis

Suffix
Condition

262

Polyp

Root
Polyp

262

Polypectomy

Root + Suffix
Excision or removal of a polyp

262

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

262

Proct/o

Root + Combining Form
Rectum

262

Proctologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A surgical specialist in deseases of the anus and rectum

262

Osis

Suffix
Condition

262

Endo

Prefix
Within, inside

262

Endoscope

Prefix + Root
Instrument to examine the inside of a hollow or tubular organ

262

Scopy

Root
To examine, to view

262

Colon/o

Root + Combining Form
Colon

262

Colonoscopy

Root + Combining Form + Root
Examination of the inside of the colon by endoscopy

262

Endo

Prefix
Within, inside

262

Panendoscopy

Prefix + Prefix + Root
Examination of the inside of the esophagus, stomach and upper duodenum using a flexible fiber-optic endoscope

262

Scopy

Root
To examine, to view

262

Sigmoid/o

Root + Combining Form
Sigmoid colon

262

Scopy

Root
To examine, to view

262

Sigmscopy

Root + Root
Examination of the sigmoid colon by endoscopy

262

Scopy

Root
To examine, to view

262

Enema

Greek injection
An injection of fluid into the rectum

262

Os

Root
Mouth

262

Stomy

Suffix
New opening

262

Ostomy

Root + Suffix
Artificia opening into a tubular structure

262

Col/o

Root + Combining Form
Colon

262

Colostomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Artificial opening from the colon to the outside of the body

262

Stomy

Suffix
New opening

262

Stoma

Greek Mouth
Artificial opening