chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Med Terminology > chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 8 Deck (398):
1

Alveolus

Latin Hollow Sac
Terminal element of respiratory tract where gas exchange occurs

2

Alveol

Root
Air sac

3

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

4

Alveolar

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the alveoli

5

Bronchus

Greek Windpipe
One of two subdivisions of the trachea

6

Bronch/i

Root + Combining Form
Bronchus

7

Ole

Suffix
Small

8

Bronchiole

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Increasingly smaller subdivisions of the bronchi

9

Cilium

Latin
Eyelash
(Plural Cilia)

10

Ex

Prefix
Out

11

Spirat

Root
Breathe

12

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition or process of

13

Expiration

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Breathe out

14

In

Prefix
Into

15

Spirat

Root
Breathe

16

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition or process of

17

Inspiration

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Breathe in

18

Olfaction

Latin to smell
Sense of smell

19

Olfact

Root
Smell

20

Ory

Suffix
Having the function of

21

Olfactory

Root + Suffix
Relating to the sense of smell

22

Oxy

Root
Oxygen

23

Gen

Suffix
Create

24

Oxygen

Root + Suffix
The gas essential for life

25

Pharynx

Greek Throat
Tube from the back of the nose to the larynx

26

Pharyng

Root
Pharynx

27

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

28

Pharyngeal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the pharynx

29

Pulmon

Root
Lung

30

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

31

Pulmonary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the lungs

32

Pulmon/o

Root + Combining Form
Lung

33

Logy

Suffix
Study of

34

Pulmonology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Study of the lungs, or the medical speciality of disorders of the lungs

35

Pulmon/o

Root + Combining Form
Lung

36

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

37

Pulmonologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Specialist in treating disorders of the lungs

38

Rale

French
Rattle

39

Re

Prefix
Again

40

Spir

Root
To breathe

41

Ation

Suffix
a process, formed from

42

Respiration

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Process of breathing; fundamental process of life used to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide

43

Re

Prefix
Again

44

Spir

Root
To breathe

45

Ator

Suffix
Person or thing that does something

46

Respirator

Pre + Root + Suffix
Another name for ventilator

47

Re

Prefix
Again

48

Spir

Root
To breathe

49

Atory

Suffix
Pertaining to, produced by

50

Respiratory

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to respiration

51

Sputum

Latin to spit
Matter coughed up and spat out by individuals with respiratory disorders`

52

Trachea

Greek Windpipe
Air tube from the larynx to the bronchi

53

Trache

Root
Trachea

54

Alis

Suffix
Pertaining to

55

Trachealis

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the trachea

56

Coryza

Greek Catarrh
Acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose

57

De

Prefix
Take away, remove

58

Congest

Root
Accumulation of fluid

59

Ant

Suffix
Pertaining to

60

Decongestant

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Agent that reduces the swelling and fluid in the nose and sinuses

61

Epi

Prefix
Above, upon

62

Stax

Root
Fall in drops

63

Is

Suffix
Pertaining to

64

Epistaxis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Nosebleed

65

Naris

Latin Nostril
Nostril

66

Nas

Root
Nose

67

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

68

Nasal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the nose

69

Palate

Latin palate
Roof of the mouth, floor of the nose

70

Para

Prefix
Adjacent

71

Nas

Root
Nose

72

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

73

Paranasal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Adjacent to the nose

74

Polyp

Latin many feet
Any mass of tissue that projects outward

75

Rhin

Root
Nose

76

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

77

Rhinitis

Root + Suffix
Acute inflammation of the nasal mucosa

78

Septum

Latin Partition
Thin wall separating two cavities or tissue masses
Septa (Plural)

79

Sinus

Latin Cavity
Cavity or hallow space in a bone or other tissue

80

Sinus

Root
Sinus

81

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

82

Sinusitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the lining of a sinus

83

Aden

Root
Gland

84

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

85

Adenoid

Root + Suffix
Single mass of lymphoid tissue in the midline at the back of the throat

86

A

Prefix
Without

87

Pnea

Root
Breathe

88

Apnea

Prefix + Root
Absence of spontaneous respiration

89

Hyp

Prefix
Below

90

Ox

Root
Oxygen

91

Emia

Suffix
Low oxygen levels in arterial blood

92

Hypoxemia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Low oxygen level in arterial blood

93

Hyp

Prefix
Below

94

Ox

Root
Oxygen

95

Ia

Root
Condition

96

Hypoxia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Decreased below normal levels of oxygen in tissues, gases, or blood

97

Hyp

Prefix
Below

98

Ox

Root
Oxygen

99

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

100

Hypoxic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Deficient in oxygen

101

Laryng/o

Root + Combining Form
Larynx

102

Pharynx

Root
Pharynx throat

103

Laryngopharynx

Root + Combining Form + Root
Region of the pharynx below the epiglottis that includes the larynx

104

Nas/o

Root + Combining Form
Nose

105

Pharynx

Root
Pharynx, throat

106

Nasopharynx

Root + Combining Form + Root
Region of the pharynx at the back of the nose and above the soft palate

107

Nas/o

Root + Combining Form
Nose

108

Pharyng

Root + Combining Form
Pharynx, throat

109

Eal

Suffux
Pertaining to

110

Nasopharyngeal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the nasopharynx

111

Or/o

Root + Combining Form
Mouth

112

Pharynx

Root
Pharynx, throat

113

Oropharynx

Root + Combining Form + Root
Region at the back of the mouth between the soft palate and the tip of the epiglottis

114

Or/o

Root + Combining Form
Mouth

115

Pharyng

Root + Combining Form
Pharynx, throat

116

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

117

Oropharyngeal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the oropharynx

118

Pharyng

Root
Pharynx, throat

119

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

120

Pharyngitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the pharynx

121

Poly

Prefix
Many

122

Somn/o

Root + Combining Form
Sleep

123

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

124

Polysomnography

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Test to monitor brain waves, muscle tension, eye movement, and oxygen levels in the blood as the patient sleeps

125

Tonsil

Latin Tonsil
Mass of lymphoid tissue on either side of the throat at the back of the tongue

126

Tonsill

Root
Tonsil

127

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

128

Tonsillitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the tonsils

129

Tonsill

Root
Tonsil

130

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical Excision

131

Tonsillectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the tonsils

132

Croup

Old English Tp cry out loud
Infection of the upper airways in children characterized by a barking cough

133

Epi

Prefix
Above

134

Glottis

Root
Mouth of windpipe

135

Epiglottis

Prefix + Root
Leaf-shaped plate of cartilage that shuts off the larynx during swallowing

136

Epi

Prefix
Above

137

Glott

Root
Mouth of windpipe

138

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

139

Epiglottitis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the epiglottis

140

Glottis

Greek opening of larynx
The opening from the oropharynx into the larynx

141

In

Prefix
In

142

Tub

Root
Tube

143

Ation

Suffix
A process

144

Intubation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Insertion of a tube into the trachea

145

Laryng/o

Root + Combining form
Larynx

146

Trache/o

Root + Combining form
Trachea

147

Bronch

Root
Bronchus

148

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

149

Laryngotracheobronchitis

Root + Combining form + Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the larynx, trachea and bronchi

150

Larynx

Greek Larynx
Organ of sound production

151

Laryng

Root

152

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

153

Laryngeal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the larynx

154

Laryng

Root
Larynx

155

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

156

Laryngitits

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the larynx

157

Laryng/o

Root + Combining form
Larynx

158

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

159

Laryngoscope

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Hollow tube with a light and camera used to visualize or operate on the larynx

160

Papilla

Latin Small pimple
Any small projection
Papillae (pl)

161

Papill/o

Root + Combining form
Pimple

162

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

163

Papilloma

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Benign projection of epithelial cells

164

Stridor

Latin A harsh, creaking sound
High-pitched noise made when there is a respiratory obstruction in the larynx or trachea

165

Voc

Root
Voice

166

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

167

Vocal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the voice

168

Diaphragm

Greek Diaphragm
The muscular sheet separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

169

Diaphragm/a

Root + Combining form
Diaphragm

170

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

171

Diaphragmatic

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Pertaining to the diaphragm

172

Fiss

Root
Split

173

Ure

Suffix
Process, result of

174

Fissure

Root + Suffix
Deep furrow or cleft

175

Lobe

Greek Lobe
Subdivision of an organ or other part

176

Lob

Root
Lobe

177

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

178

Lobar

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a lobe

179

Lob

Root
Lobe

180

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

181

Lobectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of a lobe

182

Media

Prefix
Middle

183

Stin

Root
Partition

184

Um

Suffix
Structure

185

Mediastinum

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Area between the lungs containing the heart, aorta, venae cavae, esophagus and trachea

186

Media

Prefix
Middle

187

Stin

Root
Partition

188

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

189

Mediastinal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the mediastinum

190

Pleura

Greek Rib
Membrane covering the lungs and lining the ribs in the thoracic cavity

191

Pleur

Root
Pleura

192

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

193

Pleural

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the pleura

194

Pleur

Root
Pleura

195

Isy

Suffix
Inflammation

196

Pleurisy

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the pleura

197

Brady

Prefix
Slow

198

Pnea

Root
Breathe

199

Bradypnea

Prefix+ Root
Slow breathing

200

Cyan

Root
Dark blue

201

Osis

Suffix
Condition

202

Cyanosis

Root + Suffix
Blue discoloration of the skin, lips and nail beds due to low levels of oxygen in the blood

203

Cyan/o

Root + Combining form
Dark blue

204

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

205

Cyanotic

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Pertaining to or marked by cyanosis

206

Dys

Prefix
Bad, difficult

207

Pnea

Root
Breathe

208

Dyspnea

Prefix + Root
Difficult breathing

209

Eu

Prefix
Normal, good

210

Pnea

Root
Breathe

211

Eupnea

Prefix + Root
Normal breathing

212

Ex

Prefix
Out

213

Hale

Root
Breathe

214

Exhale

Prefix + Root
Breathe out

215

Ex

Prefix
Out

216

Pector

Root
Chest

217

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to

218

Expectorate

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Cough up and spit out mucus from the respiratory tract

219

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

220

Ptysis

Root
Spit

221

Hemoptysis

Root + Combining form + Root
Bloody sputum

222

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

223

Pnea

Root
Breathe

224

Hyperpnea

Prefix + Root
Deeper and more rapid breathing than noramal

225

In

Prefix
In

226

Hale

Root
Breathe

227

Inhale

Prefix + Root
Breathe in

228

Phlegm

Greek Flame
Abnormal amounts of mucus expectorated from the respiratory tract

229

Trachy

Prefix
Rapid

230

Pnea

Root
Breathe

231

Trachypnea

Prefix + Root
Rapid breathing

232

Asthma

Greek Asthma
Episodes of breathing difficulty due to narrow or obstructed airways

233

Asthm

Root
Asthma

234

Atic

Suffix
Pertaining to

235

Asthmatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from asthma

236

Auscult

Root
Listen to

237

Ation

Suffix
A process

238

Auscultation

Root + Suffix
Diagnostic method of listening to body sounds with a stethoscope

239

Bronch/i

Root + Combining form
Bronchus

240

Ectasis

Suffix
Dilation

241

Bronchiectasis

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Chronic dilation of the bronchi following inflammatory disease and obstruction

242

Bronch/i

Root + Combining form
Bronchus

243

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

244

Ole

Suffix
Small

245

Bronchiolitis

Root + Combining form + Suffix + Suffix
Inflammation of the small bronchioles

246

Bronch

Root
Bronchus

247

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

248

Bronchitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the bronchi

249

Broncho

Root + Combining form
Bronchus

250

Constrict

Root
To narrow

251

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

252

Bronchoconstriction

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Reduction in diameter of a bronchus

253

Bulla

Latin bubble
Bubble-like dilated structure
Bullae (pl)

254

Cyst

Root
Cyst

255

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

256

Fibr

Root
Fiber

257

Osis

Suffix
Abnormal condition

258

Cystic Fibrosis

Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Genetic disease in which excessive viscid mucus obstructs passages including bronhci

259

Em

Prefix
In, Into

260

Physema

Root
Blowing

261

Emphysema

Prefix + Root
Dilation of respiratory bronchioles and alveoli

262

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

263

Capn

Root
Carbon dioxide

264

Ia

Suffix
Condition

265

Hypercapnia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Abnormal increase of carbon dioxide in the arterial bloodstream

266

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

267

Secret

Root
Secrete

268

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

269

Hypersecretion

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Excessive secretion of mucus (or enzymes or waste products)

270

Rhonchus

Greek Snoring
Wheezing sound heard on auscultation of the lungs made by air passing through a constricted lumen

271

Viscos

Root
Viscous, sticky

272

Ity

Suffix
Condition

273

Viscosity

Root + Suffix
The resistance of a fluid to flow

274

Viscous

Sticky fluid that is resistant to flow

275

Aden/o

Root + Combining form
Gland

276

Carcin

Root
Cancer

277

Oma

Suffix
Tumor

278

Adenocarcinoma

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
A cancer arising from glandular epithelial cells

279

Anthrac

Root
Coal

280

Osis

Suffix
Condition

281

Anthracosis

Root + Suffix
Lung disease caused by the inhalation of coal dust

282

Anthrax

Greek Carbuncle
A severe, malignant infectious disease

283

Asbest

Root
Asbestos

284

Osis

Suffix
Condition

285

Asbestosis

Root + Suffix
Lung disease cause by the inhalation of asbestos particles

286

Aspirat

Root
To breathe on

287

Ion

Suffix
Process

288

Aspiration

Root + Suffix
Removal by suction of fluid gas from a body cavity

289

Atel

Root
Incomplete

290

Ectasis

Suffix
Dilation

291

Atelectasis

Root + Suffix
Collapse of part of a lung

292

Bronch/o

Root + Combining form
Bronchus

293

Genic

Suffix
Creation

294

Bronchogenic

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Arising from a bronchus

295

Bronch/o

Root + Combining form
Bronchus

296

Pneumon

Root
Air, lung

297

Ia

Suffix
Condition

298

Bronchopneumonia

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Acute inflammation of the walls of smaller bronchioles with spread to lung parenchyma

299

Em

Prefix
In, into

300

Py

Root
Pus

301

Ema

Suffix
Quality of, quantity

302

Empyema

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pus in a body cavity, particularly in the pleural cavity

303

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

304

Thorax

Root
Chest

305

Hemothorax

Root + Combining form + Root
Blood in the pleural cavity

306

Pneum/o

Root + Combining form
Lung, air

307

Coni

Root
Dust

308

Osis

Suffix
Condition

309

Pneumoconiosis

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Fibrotic lung disease caused by the inhalation of different dusts

310

Pneumon

Root
Lung, air

311

Ia

Suffix
Pertaining to

312

Pneumonia

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the lung or air

313

Pneumon

Root
Lung, air

314

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

315

Pneumonitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma

316

Pneum/o

Root + Combine Form
Air, lung

317

Thorax

Root
Chest

318

Pneumothorax

Root + Combine Form + Root
Air in the pleural cavity

319

Sarc

Root
Sarcoma, flesh

320

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

321

Osis

Suffix
Condition

322

Sarcoidosis

Root + Suffix + Suffix
Granulomatous lesions of the lungs and other organs; cause is unknown

323

Silic

Root
Silicon, glass

324

Osis

Suffix
Condition

325

Silicosis

Root + Suffix
Fibrotic lung disease from inhaling silica particles

326

Thora

Root
Chest

327

Centesis

Suffix
To puncture

328

Thoracentesis

Root + Suffix
Insertion of a needle into the pleural cavity to withdraw fluid or air

329

Tubercul

Root
Nodule, swelling, tuberculosis

330

Osis

Suffix
Condition

331

Tuberculosis

Root + Suffix
Infectious disease that can infect any organ or tissue

332

Bronch/o

Root + Combine Form
Bronchus

333

Scopy

Suffix
To examine, view

334

Bronchoscopy

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Examination of the interior of the tracheobronchial tree with an endoscope

335

Bronch/o

Root + Combine Form
Bronchus

336

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

337

Bronchoscope

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Endoscope used for bronchoscopy

338

Endo

Prefix
Inside

339

Trache

Root
Trachea

340

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

341

Endotracheal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to being inside the trachea

342

Mediastin/o

Root + Combine Form
Mediastinum

343

Scopy

Suffix
To examine, view

344

Mediastinoscopy

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Examination of the mediastinum using an endoscope

345

Spir/o

Root + Combine Form
To breathe

346

Meter

Suffix
Measure

347

Spirometer

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
An instrument used to measure respiratory volumes

348

Spir/o

Root + Combine Form
To breathe

349

Metry

Suffix
Process of measuring

350

Spirometry

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Use of a spirometer

351

Thorac/o

Root + Combine Form
Chest

352

Tomy

Suffix
Surgical incision

353

Thoracotomy

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Incision through the chest wall

354

Tom/o

Root + Combine Form
Cut, slice, layer

355

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

356

Tomography

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Radiographic image of a selected slice of tissue

357

Trans

Prefix
Across

358

Thorac

Root
Chest

359

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

360

Transthoracic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Going through the chest wall

361

Ultra

Prefix
Beyond

362

Son/o

Root + Combine Form
Sound

363

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

364

Ultrasonography

Prefix + Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Delineation of deep structures using sound waves

365

Bronch/o

Root + Combine Form
Bronchus

366

Dilat

Root
Expand, open up

367

Or

Suffix
One who does, that which does something

368

Bronchodilator

Root + Combine Form + Root + Suffix
Agent that increase the diameter of a bronchus

369

Cannula

Latin Reed
Tube inserted into a blood vessel or cavity as a channel for fluid or gas

370

Immuniz

Root
Make immune

371

Ation

Suffix
Process

372

Immunization

Root + Suffix
Administration of an agent to provide immunity

373

Muc/o

Root + Combine Form
Mucus

374

Lyt

Root
Dissolve

375

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

376

Mucolytic

Root + Combine Form + Root + Suffix
Agent capable of dissolving or liquefying mucus

377

Nebul

Root
Cloud

378

Izer

Suffix
Line of action, affects in a particular way

379

Nebulizer

Root + Suffix
Device used to deliver liquid medicine in a fine mist

380

Pneumon

Root
Lung, air

381

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

382

Pneumonectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of a lung

383

Re

Prefix
Back

384

Sect

Root
Cut off

385

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

386

Resection

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Removal of a specific part of an organ or structure

387

Trache/o

Root + Combine Form
Trachea

388

Stomy

Suffix
New opening

389

Tracheostomy

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Insertion of a tube into the windpipe to assist breathing

390

Trache/o

Root + Combine Form
Trachea

391

Tomy

Suffix
Surgical incision

392

Tracheotomy

Root + Combine Form + Suffix
Incision made into the trachea to create a tracheostomy

393

Ventil

Root
Wind

394

Ation

Suffix
A process

395

Ventilation

Root + Suffix
Movement of gases into and out of the lungs

396

Ventil

Root
Wind

397

Ator

Suffix
Person or thing that does something

398

Ventilator

Root + Suffix
Device that breathes for the patient