Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (222):
1

Ammon

Root
Ammonia

2

Ia

Suffix
Condition

3

Ammonia

Root + Suffix
Toxic breakdown product of amino acids

4

Bladder

Old English Bladder
Hollow sac that holds fluid

5

Filter

Latin Strain through material
Porous substance used to separate liquids and gases from particulate matter; or to subject a substance to the action of a filter

6

Filtr

Root
Strain through

7

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

8

Filtrate

Root + Suffix
Liquid that has passed through a filter

9

Filtr

Root
Strain through

10

Ation

Suffix
Process

11

Filtration

Root + Suffix
Process of passing liquid through a filter

12

Hilum

Latin Small bit
The part where the nerves and blood vessels enter and leave an organ

13

Kidney

Old English
Organ of excretion

14

Nephron

Greek Kidney
Filtration unit of the kidney; glomerulus + renal tubule

15

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

16

Logy

Suffix
Study of

17

Nephrology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical speciality of diseases of the kidney

18

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

19

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

20

Nephrologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialist in disorders of the kidney

21

Nitr/o

Root + Combining Form
Nitrogen

22

Gen

Root
Create

23

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

24

Nitrogenous

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Containing or generating nitrogen

25

Ren

Root
Kidney

26

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

27

Renal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the kidney

28

Urea

Greek Urine
End product of nitrogen metabolism

29

Ureter

Greek Urinary canal
Tube that connects each kidney to the urinary bladder

30

Ureter

Root
Ureter

31

Al

Suffix
Condition

32

Ureteral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the ureter

33

Urine

Latin Urine
Fluid and dissolved substances excreted by kidney

34

Urin

Root
Urine

35

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

36

Urinary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the urine

37

Urin

Root
Urine

38

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

39

Urinate

Root + Suffix
To pass urine

40

Urin

Root
Urine

41

Ation

Suffix
Process

42

Urination

Root + Suffix
Process of passing urine

43

Ur/o

Root + Combining Form
Urinary system

44

Logy

Suffix
Study of

45

Urology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty that studies the urinary system

46

Ur/o

Root + Combining Form
Urinary system

47

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

48

Urologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Specialist in urology

49

Ur/o

Root + Combining Form
Urinary system

50

Log

Root
Study of

51

Ical

Suffix
Pertaining to

52

Urological

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to urology

53

Dia

Prefix
Complete

54

Ur

Root
Urine

55

Etic

Suffix
Pertaining to

56

Diuretic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Agent that increases urine output

57

Dia

Prefix
Complete

58

Ur

Root
Urine

59

Esis

Suffix
Condition

60

Diuresis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Excretion of large volume of urine

61

Glomerul/o

Root + Combining Form
Glomerulus

62

Nephr

Root
Kidney

63

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

64

Glomerulonephritits

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Infection of the glomeruli of the kidney

65

Hemat

Root
Blood

66

Uria

Suffix
Urine

67

Hematuria

Root + Suffix
Blood in the urine

68

Nephr

Root
Kidney

69

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

70

Nephrectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of a kidney

71

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

72

Blast

Root
Immature cell

73

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

74

Nephroblastoma

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Cancerous kidney tumor of childhood

75

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

76

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

77

Nephropathy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Any disease of the kidney

78

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

79

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

80

Nephrotic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Glomerular disease with marked loss of protein

81

Pyel/o

Root + Combining Form
Renal pelvis

82

Gram

Suffix
Record, recording

83

Pyelogram

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
X-ray image of renal pelvis and ureters

84

An

Prefix
A lack of, no

85

Ur

Root
Urine

86

Ia

Suffix
Condition

87

Anuria

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Absence of urine production

88

Dia

Prefix
Complete

89

Lysis

Root
Destruction

90

Dialysis

Prefix + Root
An artificial method of filtration to remove excess waste materials and water from the body

91

Hem/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood

92

Dia

Prefix
Complete

93

Lysis

Root
Destruction

94

Hemodialysis

Root + Combining Form + Prefix + Root
An artificial method of filtration to remove excess waste materials and water directly from the blood

95

Nephr

Root
Kidney

96

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

97

Nephritis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the kidney

98

Olig

Root
Scanty

99

Ur

Root
Urine

100

Ia

Suffix
Condition

101

Oliguria

Root + Root + Suffix
Scanty production of urine

102

Poly

Prefix
Many

103

Cyst

Root
Sac, bladder cyst

104

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

105

Polycystic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Composed of many cysts

106

Pyel/o

Root + Combining Form
Renal pelvis

107

Nephr

Root
Kidney

108

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

109

Pyelonephritis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis

110

Sib

Root
Relative

111

Ling

Suffix
Small

112

Sibling

Root + Suffix
Brother or sister

113

Trans

Prefix
Across

114

Plant

Root
The act of transferring tissue from one person to another

115

Transplant

Prefix + Root
The act of transferring tissue from one person to another

116

Ur

Root
Urine

117

Emia

Suffix
A blood condition

118

Uremia

Root + Suffix
The complex of symptoms arising from renal failure

119

Calculus

Latin Pebble
Small stone

120

Extra

Prefix
Outside

121

Corpor/e

Root + Combining Form
Body

122

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

123

Extracorporeal

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Outside the body

124

Flank

Latin Broad
Side of the body between the pelvis and ribs

125

Groin

Old English Groin
Crease where the thigh joins the abdomen

126

Hydr/o

Root + Combining Form
Water

127

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

128

Osis

Suffix
Condition

129

Hydronephrosis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Dilation of the pelvis and calyces of a kidney

130

Hydr/o

Root + Combining Form
Water

131

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

132

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

133

Hydronephrotic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from the dilation of the pelvis and calyces of the kidney

134

Lith/o

Root + Combining Form
Stone

135

Tripsy

Suffix
Crushing

136

Lithotripsy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Crushing stones by sound waves

137

Lith/o

Root + Combining Form
Stone

138

Tripter

Suffix
Crusher

139

Lithotripter

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument that generates sound waves

140

Nephr/o

Root + Combining Form
Kidney

141

Lith

Root
Stone

142

Iasis

Suffix
Condition, state of

143

Nephrolithiasis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Presence of a kidney stone

144

Peri

Prefix
Around

145

Stalsis

Root
Constrict

146

Peristalsis

Prefix + Root
Waves of alternate contraction and relaxation of the muscle wall of a tube

147

Enur

Root
Urinate

148

Esis

Suffix
Condition

149

Enuresis

Root + Suffix
Involuntary bedwetting

150

Meatus

Latin A passage
The external opening of a passage

151

Mictur

Root
Pass urine

152

Ition

Suffix
Process

153

Micturition

Root + Suffix
Act of passing urine

154

Mictur

Root
Pass urine

155

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to

156

Micturate

Root + Suffix
Pass urine

157

Reflex

Latin To bend back
An involuntary response to a stimulus

158

Sphincter

Greek A band
A band of muscle that encircles an opening; when contracts, the opening squeezes closed

159

Urethra

Greek Passage for urine
Tube that carries urine from bladder to outside

160

Urethr

Root
Urethra

161

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

162

Urethral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the urethra

163

Void

Latin To empty
To evacuate urine of feces

164

Cyst

Root
Bladder

165

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

166

Cystitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the urinary bladder

167

Dys

Prefix
Bad, difficult

168

Ur

Root
Urine

169

Ia

Suffix
Condition

170

Dysuria

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Difficulty or pain with urination

171

In

Prefix
Not

172

Contin

Root
Hold together

173

Ence

Suffix
State of

174

Incontinence

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inability to prevent discharge of urine or feces

175

In

Prefix
Not

176

Contin

Root
Hold together

177

Ent

Suffix
Pertaining to

178

Incontinent

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Denoting incontinence

179

Pyel

Root
Renal pelvis

180

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

181

Pyelitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the renal pelvis

182

Retention

Latin Hold back
Holding back in the body what should normally be discharged

183

Supra

Prefix
Above

184

Pub

Root
Pubis

185

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

186

Suprapubic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Above the symphysis pubis

187

Urethra

Root
Urethra

188

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

189

Urethritis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the urethra

190

Cast

Latin Pure
A cylindrical mold formed by materials in kidney tubules

191

Cyst/o

Root + Combining Form
Bladder

192

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

193

Cystoscope

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
An endoscope inserted to view the inside of the bladder

194

Cyst/o

Root + Combining Form
Bladder

195

Scopy

Suffix
To examine

196

Cystoscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The process of using a cystoscope

197

Cyst/o

Root + Combining Form
Bladder

198

Urethr/o

Root + Combining Form
Urethra

199

Gram

Suffix
A record

200

Cystourethrogram

X-ray image during voiding to show structure and function of bladder and urethra

201

Glyc/o

Root + Combining Form
Glucose

202

Ur

Root
Urinary system

203

Ia

Suffix
Condition

204

Glycosuria

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Presence of glucose in urine

205

Ketone

Greek Acetone
Chemical formed in uncontrolled diabetes or in starvation

206

Ket/o

Root + Combining Form
Ketones

207

Sis

Suffix
Abnormal condition

208

Ketosis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Excess production of ketones

209

Ket/o

Root + Combining Form
Ketones

210

Acid/o

Root + Combining Form
Acid, low pH

211

Sis

Suffix
Abnormal condition

212

Ketoacidosis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Excessive production of ketones, making the blood acid

213

Nitrite

Greek Niter, saltpeter
Chemical formed in urine by E. coli and other microorganisms

214

Protein

Root
Protein

215

Uria

Root
Urine

216

Proteinuria

Root + Root
Presence of protein in urine

217

Retro

Prefix
Backward

218

Grade

Root
Going

219

Retrograde

Prefix + Root
Reversal of a normal flow; for example, back from the bladder into the ureters

220

Urin/a

Root + Combining Form
Urine

221

Lysis

Suffix
To seperate

222

Urinalysis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Examination of urine to separate it into its elements and define their kind and/or quality.