Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (519):
1

Electr/o

Root + Combining Form
Electricity

2

Encephal/o

Root + Combining Form
Brain

3

Gram

Suffix
Recording

4

ELectroencephalogram

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Record of the electrical activity of the brain

5

Electr/o

Root + Combining Form
Electricity

6

Encephal/o

Root + Combining Form
Brain

7

Graph

Suffix
To write, record

8

Electroencephalogram

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Device used to record the electrical activity of the brain

9

Electr/o

Root + Combining Form
Electricity

10

Encephal/o

Root + Combining Form
Brain

11

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

12

Electroencephalography

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The process of recording the electrical activity of the brain

13

Electr/o

Root + Combining Form
Electricity

14

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

15

Diagnost

Root
Decision

16

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

17

Electroneurodiagnostic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the use of electricity in the diagnosis of a neurologic disorder

18

Epilepsy

Greek Seizure

19

Epilept

Root
Seizure
Chronic brain disorder due to paroxysmal excessive neuronal discharges

20

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

21

Epileptic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from epilepsy

22

Motor

Latin To move
Structures of the nervous system that send impulses out to cause muscles to contract or glands to secrete

23

Nerve

Latin Nerve
A cord of nerve fibers bound together by connective tissue

24

Nerv

Root
Nerve
Greek An organized whole

25

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

26

Nervous

Root + Suffix
The whole, integrated nerve apparatus

27

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

28

Logy

Suffix
Study of

29

Neurology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty of disorders of the nervous system

30

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

31

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

32

Neurologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialist in disorders of the nervous system

33

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

34

Log

Root
To Study

35

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

36

Neurologic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the nervous system

37

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

38

Surg

Root
Operate

39

Eon

Suffix
One who does

40

Neurosurgeon

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
One who operates on the nervous system

41

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

42

Surg

Root
Operate

43

Ery

Suffix
Process of

44

Neurosurgery

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Operating on the nervous system

45

Sens

Root
Feel

46

Ory

Suffix
Having the function of

47

Sensory

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to sensation; structures of the nervous system that carry impulses to the brain

48

Afferent

Latin To bring to
Moving toward a center; for example, nerve fibers conducting impulses to the spinal cord and brain

49

Auto

Prefix
Self

50

Nom

Root
Law

51

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

52

Autonomic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Self-governing visceral motor division of the peripheral nervous system

53

Axon

Greek Axis
Single process of a nerve cell carrying nervous impulses away from the cell body

54

Dendrite

Greek Looking like a tree
Branched extension of the nerve cell body that receives nervous stimuli

55

Dopamine

Precursor of norepinephrine
Neurotransmitter in some specific small areas of the brain

56

Efferent

Latin To bring away from
Moving away from a center; for example conducting nerve impulses aways from the brain or spinal cord

57

Glia

Greek Glue
Connective tissue that holds a structure together

58

Glia

Root
Glue

59

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

60

Glial

Pertaining to glia or neuroglia

61

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

62

Glia

Root
Glue

63

Neuroglia

Root + Combining Form + Root
Connective tissue holding nervous tissue together

64

Myel

Root
Spinal cord

65

In

Suffix
Substance, chemical compound

66

Myelin

Root + Suffix
Material of the sheath around the axon of a nerve

67

Neuron

Greek Nerve
Technical term for a nerve cell; consists of cell body with its dendrites and axons

68

Neuro

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

69

Trans

Prefix
Across

70

Mitt

Root
Send

71

Er

Suffix
Agent

72

Neurotransmitter

Root + Combining Form + Prefix + Root + Suffix
Chemical agent that relays messages from one nerve cell to the next

73

Para

Prefix
Beside

74

Sym

Prefix
Together

75

Pathet

Root
Suffering

76

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

77

Parasympathetic

Prefix + Prefix + Root + Suffix
Division of the autonomic nervous system; has opposite effects to the sympathetic division

78

Somat

Root
Body

79

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

80

Somatic

Root + Suffix
A division of the peripheral nervous system serving the skeletal muscles

81

Sym

Prefix
Together

82

Pathet

Root
Suffering

83

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

84

Sympathetic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Division of the autonomic nervous system operating at an unconscious level

85

Syn

Prefix
Together

86

Apse

Root
Clasp

87

Synapse

Prefix + Root
Junction between two nerve cells, or a nerve fiber and its target cell, where electrical impulses are transmitted between the cells

88

Viscer

Root
Internal organs

89

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

90

Visceral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the internal organs

91

Viscera

Latin An internal organ
Any single internal organ

92

Cerebell

Root
Little brain

93

Um

Suffix
Structure

94

Cerebellum

Root + Suffix
The most posterior area of the brain located between the midbrain and the cerebral hemispheres

95

Cerebr/o

Root + Combining Form
Brain

96

Spin

Root
Spinal cord

97

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

98

Cerebrospinal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the brain and spinal cord

99

Cerebrospinal fluid

Fluid formed in the ventricles of the brain; surrounds the brain and spinal cord

100

Cerebrum

Latin Brain
Cerebral hemispheres

101

Cerebr

Root
Brain

102

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

103

Cerebral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the cerebral hemispheres or the brain

104

Corpus

Root
Body

105

Callos

Root
Thickening

106

Um

Suffix
Structure

107

Corpus Callosum

Root + Root + Suffix
Bridge of nerve fibers connecting the two cerebral hemispheres

108

Front

Root
Front of

109

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

110

Frontal

Root + Suffix
Front area of the cerebral hemisphere

111

Gyrus

Greek Circle
Rounded elevation of the surface of the cerebral hemispheres

112

Hypo

Prefix
Below

113

Thalamus

Root
Thalamus

114

Hypothalamus

Prefix + Root
An endocrine gland in the floor and wall of the third ventricle of the brain

115

Hypo

Prefix
Below

116

Thalam

Root
Thalamus

117

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

118

Hypothalamic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the hypothalamus

119

Occipit

Root
Back of the head

120

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

121

Occipital

Root + Suffix
Posterior area of the cerebral hemisphere

122

Pariet

Root
Wall

123

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

124

Parietal

Root + Suffix
Area of the brain under the parietal bone

125

Sulcus

Latin Furrow, ditch
Groove on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres that separates gyri

126

Tempor

Root
Time, temple

127

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

128

Temporal Lobe

Root + Suffix
Posterior two-thirds of the cerebral hemispheres

129

Thalamus

Greek Inner room
Mass of gray matter under the ventricle in each cerebral hemisphere

130

Arachn

Root
Cobweb, spider

131

Mater

Root
Mother

132

Arachnoid Mater

Root + Suffix + Root
Weblike middle layer of the three meninges

133

Dura

Root
Hard

134

Mater

Root
Mother

135

Dura mater

Root + Root
Hard, fibrous layer of the meninges

136

Epi

Prefix
Above

137

Dur

Root
Dura

138

Al

Suffix
Pertaining

139

Epidural

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Above the dura

140

Epidural Space

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Space between the dura mater and the wall of the vertebral canal

141

Meninges

Greek Membrane
Three-layered covering of the brain and spinal cord

142

Mening

Root
Meninges

143

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

144

Meningitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the meninges

145

Pia

Root
Delicate

146

Mater

Root
Mother

147

Pia Mater

Root + Root
Delicate inner layer of the meninges

148

Sub

Prefix
Under

149

Arachn

Root
Cobweb, spider

150

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

151

Subarachnoid Space

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Space between the pia mater and the arachnoid membrane

152

Alzheimer Disease

Common form of dementia

153

Cognition

Latin Knowledge
Process of acquiring knowledge through thinking, learning and memory

154

Confus

Root
Bewildered

155

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

156

Confusion

Root + Suffix
Mental state in which environmental stimuli are not processed appropriately

157

Deliri

Root
Disorientation, confusion

158

Um

Suffix
Structure

159

Delirium

Root + Suffix
Acute altered state of consciousness with agitation and disorientation

160

De

Prefix
Removal, without

161

Ment

Root
Mind

162

Ia

Suffix
Condition

163

Dementia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Chronic, progressive, irreversible loss of the mind's cognitive and intellectual functions

164

Em

Prefix
Into

165

Pathy

Root
Emotion, disease

166

Empathy

Prefix + Root
Ability to place yourself into the feelings, emotions, and reactions of another person

167

Sym

Prefix
Together

168

Pathy

Root
Emotion, disease

169

Sympathy

Prefix + Root
Appreciation and concern for another person's mental and emotional state

170

Sedat

Root
To calm

171

Ive

Suffix
Pertaining to, quality of

172

Sedative

Root + Suffix
Agent that cams nervous excitement

173

Sedat

Root
To calm

174

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

175

Sedation

Root + Suffix
State of being calmed

176

Sen

Root
Old age

177

Ile

Suffix
Pertaining to

178

Senile

Root + Suffix
Characteristics of old age

179

Stroke

Old English To strike
Acute clinical event caused by impaired cerebral circulation

180

Grand

Root
Big

181

Mal

Root
Bad

182

Grand Mal

Root + Root
Old name for generalized tonic-clonic seizure

183

Narc/o

Root + Combining Form
Stupor

184

Lepsy

Suffix
Seizure

185

Narcolepsy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Involuntary falling asleep

186

Petit

Root
Small

187

Mal

Root
Bad

188

Petit Mal

Root + Root
Old name for absence seizures

189

Post

Prefix
After

190

Ict

Root
Seizure

191

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

192

Postictal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Transient neurologic deficit after a seizure

193

Ict

Root
Seizure

194

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

195

Ictal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to, or a condition caused by, a stroke or epilepsy

196

Tic

French Tic
Sudden, involuntary, repeated contraction of muscles

197

Ton

Root
Pressure, tension

198

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

199

Tonic

Root + Suffix
State of muscular contraction

200

Ton

Root
Pressure, tension

201

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

202

Clon

Root
Tumult

203

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

204

Seiz

Root
To grab

205

Ure

Suffix
Process

206

Tonic-Clonic Seizure

Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
The body alternates between excessive muscular rigidity (Tonic) and jerking muscular contractions (Clonic)

207

Tourette Syndrom

Disorder of multiple motor and vocal tics

208

An

Prefix
Without

209

Alges

Root
Sensation of pain

210

Ia

Suffix
Condition

211

Analgesia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
State in which pain is reduced

212

An

Prefix
Without

213

Alges

Root
Sensation of pain

214

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

215

Analgesic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Substance that produces analgesia

216

Bell Palsy

Paresis, or paralysis, of one side of the face

217

Concuss

Root
Shake or jar violently

218

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

219

Concussion

Root + Suffix
Mild brain injury

220

Contrecoup

French Counterblow
Injury to the brain at a point directly opposite the point of contact

221

Contus

Root
Bruise

222

Ion

Suffix
Action,condition

223

Contusion

Root + Suffix
Hemorrhage into a tissue (bruising), including the brain

224

Coup

French A blow
Injury to the brain directly under the skull at the point of contact

225

Fibr/o

Root + Combining Form
Fiber

226

My

Root
Muscle

227

Algia

Suffix
Pain

228

Fibromyalgia

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pain in the muscle fibers

229

Mening/o

Root + Combining Form
Meninges

230

Cocc

Root
Round bacterium

231

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

232

Meningococcal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the meningococcus bacterium

233

Sub

Prefix
Below

234

Dur

Root
Dura, hard

235

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

236

Subdural Space

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Space between the arachnoid and dura mater layers of the meninges

237

Trauma

Greek Wound
A physical or mental injury

238

Trauma

Root
Injury

239

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

240

Traumatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or caused by trauma

241

De

Prefix
Without

242

Myelin

Root
Myelin

243

Ation

Suffix
Process

244

Demyelination

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Process of losing the myelin sheath of a nerve fiber

245

Exacerbat

Root
Increase, aggravate

246

Ation

Suffix
Process

247

Exacerbation

Root + Suffix
Period when there is an increase in the severity of a disease

248

Inter

Prefix
Between

249

Mitt

Root
Send

250

Ent

Suffix
End result

251

Intermittent

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Alternately ceasing and beginning again

252

Modify

Latin To limit
Change the form or qualities of something; here, the pathology of MS

253

Par(a)

Prefix
Abnormal

254

Esthes

Root
Sensation

255

Ia

Suffix
Condition

256

Paresthesia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Abnormal sensation; e.g., tingling, burning, prickling

257

Re

Prefix
Back

258

Miss

Root
Send

259

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

260

Remission

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Period when there is a lessening or absence of the symptoms of a disease

261

Sclerosis

Greek Hardness
Thickening and hardening of a tissue; in the nervous system, hardening of nervous tissue by fibrous and glial connective tissue

262

A

Prefix
Without

263

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

264

Troph

Root
Nourishment, development

265

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

266

Amyotrophic

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to muscular atrophy

267

Com

Prefix
Together

268

Press

Root
Squeeze

269

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

270

Compression

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Squeeze together to increase density and/or decrease a dimension of a structure

271

Herni

Root
Rupture

272

Ation

Suffix
Process

273

Herniation

Root + Suffix
Protrusion of an anatomical structure from its normal location

274

Herni

Root
Rupture

275

Ate

Suffix
Composed of

276

Herniate

Root + Suffix
Protrusion of a structure through the tissue that normally contains it

277

Myel

Root
Spinal cord

278

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

279

Myelitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the spinal cord

280

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

281

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

282

Neuropathy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Any disorder of the nervous system

283

Mono

Prefix
One

284

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

285

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

286

Mononeuropathy

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Disorder affecting a single nerve

287

Poly

Prefix
Many

288

Neur/o

Root + Combining Form
Nerve

289

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

290

Polyneuropathy

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Disorder affecting many nerves

291

Para

Prefix
Beside, abnormal

292

Lyze

Root
Destroy

293

Paralyze

Prefix + Root
To make incapable of movement

294

Para

Prefix
Beside, abnormal

295

Lysis

Root
Destruction

296

Paralysis

Prefix + Root
Loss of voluntary movement

297

Para

Prefix
Beside, abnormal

298

Lyt

Root
Destroy

299

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

300

Paralytic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Suffering from paralysis

301

Paresis

Greek Weakness
Partial paralysis

302

Hemi

Prefix
Half

303

Paresis

Root
Weakness

304

Hemiparesis

Prefix + Root
Weakness of one side of the body

305

Polio

Root
Gray matter

306

Myel

Root
Spinal cord

307

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

308

Lyt

Root
Destroy

309

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

310

Paralytic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Suffering from paralysis

311

Paresis

Greek Weakness
Partial paralysis

312

Hemi

Prefix
Half

313

Postpolio syndrome

Prefix + Root + Prefix + Root
Progressive muscle weakness in a person previously affected by polio

314

Hemiparesis

Prefix + Root
Weakness of one side of the body

315

Polio

Root
Gray matter

316

Myel

Root
Spinal cord

317

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

318

Poliomyelitis

Root + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord, leading to paralysis of the limbs and muscles of respiration

319

Post

Prefix
After

320

Polio

Root
Gray matter

321

Traumatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or caused by trauma

322

Drome

Root
Running

323

Postpolio syndrome

Prefix + Root + Prefix + Root
Progressive muscle weakness in a person previously affected by polio

324

Syring/o

Root + Combining Form
Tube, pipe

325

Myel

Root
Spinal cord

326

Ia

Suffix
Condition

327

Syringomyelia

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Abnormal longitudinal cavities in the spinal cord cause paresthesias and muscle weakness

328

Trauma

Greek Wound
A physical or mental injury

329

Trauma

Root
Injury

330

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

331

Traumatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or caused by trauma

332

An

Prefix
Without

333

Enceph

Root
Brain

334

Aly

Suffix
Condition

335

Anencephaly

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Born without cerebral hemispheres

336

Micro

Prefix
Small

337

Ceph

Root
Head

338

Aly

Suffix
Condition

339

Microcephaly

Prefix + Root + Suffix
An abnormally small head

340

A

Prefix
Without

341

Tax

Root
Coordination

342

Ia

Suffix
Condition

343

Ataxia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inability to coordinate muscle activity, leading to jerky movements

344

A

Prefix
Without

345

Tax

Root
Coordination

346

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

347

Ataxic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from ataxia

348

Athet

Root
Without position, uncontrolled

349

Osis

Suffix
Condition

350

Athetosis

Root + Suffix
Slow, writhing involuntary movements

351

Athet

Root
WIthout position, uncontrolled

352

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

353

Athetoid

Root + Suffix
Resembling or suffering from athetosis

354

Hemi

Prefix
Half

355

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

356

Ia

Suffix
Conditioin

357

Hemiplegia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Paralysis of one side of the body

358

Hemi

Prefix
Half

359

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

360

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

361

Hemiplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from hemiplegia

362

Hemi

Prefix
Half

363

Paresis

Root
Weakness

364

Hemiparesis

Prefix + Root
Weakness of one side of the body

365

Mening/o

Root + Combining Form
Meninges

366

Cele

Suffix
Hernia

367

Meningocele

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Protrusion of the meninges from the spinal cord or brain through a defect in the vertebral column or cranium

368

Mening/o

Root + Combining Form
Meninges

369

Myel/o

Root + Combining Form
Spinal cord

370

Cele

Suffix
Hernia

371

Meningomyelocele

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Protrusion of the spinal cord and meninges through a defect in the vertebral arch of one or more vertebrae

372

Mono

Prefix
One

373

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

374

Ia

Suffix
Condition

375

Monoplegia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Paralysis of one limb

376

Mono

Prefix
One

377

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

378

Paraplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from paraplegia

379

Monoplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from monoplegia

380

Palsy

Latin Paralysis
Paralysis or paresis from brain damage

381

Para

Prefix
Abnormal

382

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

383

Ia

Suffix
Condition

384

Paraplegia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Paralysis of both lower extremities

385

Para

Prefix
Abnormal

386

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

387

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

388

Paraplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from paraplegia

389

Quadri

Prefix
Four

390

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

391

Ia

Suffix
Condition

392

Quadriplegia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Paralysis of all four limbs

393

Quadri

Prefix
Four

394

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

395

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

396

Quadriplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from paraplegia

397

Spin/a

Root + Combining Form
Spine

398

Bi

Prefix
Two

399

Fida

Root
Split

400

Spina Bifida

Root + Combining Form + Prefix + Root
Failure of one or more vertebral arches to close during fetal development

401

Spin/a

Root + Combining Form
Spine

402

Bi

Prefix
Two

403

Fida

Root
Split

404

Cyst

Root
Cyst

405

Ica

Suffix
Pertaining to

406

Spina bifida cystica

Root + Combining Form + Prefix + Root + Root + Suffix
Meninges and spinal cord protruding through the absent vertebral arch and having the appearance of a cyst

407

Spin/a

Root + Combining Form
Spine

408

Bi

Prefix
Two

409

Fida

Root
Split

410

Occulta

Root + Combining Form
Occult/a hidden

411

Spina bifida occulta

Root + Combining Form + Prefix + Root Root + Combining Form
The deformity of the vertebral arch is not apparent from the surface

412

Terat/o

Root + Combining Form
Monster, malformed fetus

413

Gen

Suffix
Create, produce

414

Teratogen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Agent that produces fetal deformities

415

Anxiety

Greek Distress, anxiety
Distress and dread caused by fear

416

Bi

Prefix
Two

417

Pol

Root
Pole

418

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

419

Bipolar Disorder

Prefix + Root + Suffix
A mood disorder with alternating periods of depression and mania

420

Delus

Root
Deceive

421

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

422

Delusion

Root + Suffix
Fixed, unyielding false belief held despite strong evidence to the contrary

423

Hallucin

Root
Imagination

424

Ation

Suffix
Process

425

Hallucination

Root + Suffix
Perception of an object or event when there is no such thing present

426

Mania

Greek Frenzy
Mood disorder with hyperactivity, irritability, and rapid speech

427

Man

Root
Frenzy

428

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

429

Manic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from mania

430

Mute

Latin Silent
Unable or unwilling to speak

431

Para

Prefix
Abnormal, beside

432

Noia

Root
To think

433

Paranoia

Prefix + Root
Presence of persecutory

434

Para

Prefix
Abnormal, beside

435

Noia

Root
To think

436

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

437

Paranoid

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Having delusions of persecution

438

Phobia

Greek Fear
Pathologic fear or dread

439

Psych

Root
Mind

440

Iatry

Suffix
Treatment

441

Psychiatry

Root + Suffix
Diagnosis and treatment of mental disorder

442

Psych

Root
Mind

443

Iatrist

Suffix
One who treats

444

Psychiatrist

Root + Suffix
Licensed medical specialist in psychiatry

445

Psych

Root
Mind

446

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

447

Psychiatric

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to psychiatry

448

Psych/o

Root + Combining Form
Mind

449

Logy

Suffix
Study of

450

Psychology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Science concerned with the behavior of the human mind

451

Psych/o

Root + Combining Form
Mind

452

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

453

Psychologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Licensed specialist in psychology

454

Psych

Root
Mind

455

Osis

Suffix
Condition

456

Psychosis

Root + Suffix
Disorder causing mental disruption and loss of contact with reality

457

Psych/o

Root + Combining Form
Mind

458

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

459

Psychotic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to or affected by psychosis

460

Soci/o

Root + Combining Form
Society, social

461

Path

Suffix
Disease

462

Sociopath

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Person with antisocial personality disorder

463

An

Prefix
Without

463

Enceph

Root
Brain

463

Aly

Suffix
Condition

463

Anencephaly

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Born without cerebral hemispheres

463

Micro

Prefix
Small

463

Ceph

Root
Head

463

Aly

Suffix
Condition

463

Microcephaly

Prefix + Root + Suffix
An abnormally small head

463

A

Prefix
Without

463

Tax

Root
Coordination

463

Ia

Suffix
Condition

463

Ataxia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inability to coordinate muscle activity, leading to jerky movements

463

A

Prefix
Without

463

Tax

Root
Coordination

463

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

463

Ataxic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from ataxia

463

Athet

Root
Without position, uncontrolled

463

Osis

Suffix
Condition

463

Athetosis

Root + Suffix
Slow, writhing involuntary movements

463

Athet

Root
WIthout position, uncontrolled

463

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

463

Athetoid

Root + Suffix
Resembling or suffering from athetosis

463

Hemi

Prefix
Half

463

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

463

Ia

Suffix
Conditioin

463

Hemiplegia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Paralysis of one side of the body

463

Hemi

Prefix
Half

463

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

463

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

463

Hemiplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from hemiplegia

463

Hemi

Prefix
Half

463

Paresis

Root
Weakness

463

Hemiparesis

Prefix + Root
Weakness of one side of the body

463

Mening/o

Root + Combining Form
Meninges

463

Cele

Suffix
Hernia

463

Meningocele

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Protrusion of the meninges from the spinal cord or brain through a defect in the vertebral column or cranium

463

Teratogen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Agent that produces fetal deformities

463

Myel/o

Root + Combining Form
Spinal cord

463

Cele

Suffix
Hernia

463

Meningomyelocele

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Protrusion of the spinal cord and meninges through a defect in the vertebral arch of one or more vertebrae

463

Mono

Prefix
One

463

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

463

Ia

Suffix
Condition

463

Monoplegia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Paralysis of one limb

463

Mono

Prefix
One

463

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

463

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

463

Monoplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from monoplegia

463

Palsy

Latin Paralysis
Paralysis or paresis from brain damage

463

Para

Prefix
Abnormal

463

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

463

Ia

Suffix
Condition

463

Paraplegia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Paralysis of both lower extremities

463

Para

Prefix
Abnormal

463

Pleg

Root
Paralysis

463

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

463

Paraplegic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from paraplegia