Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Med Terminology > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (419):
1

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
heart

2

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

3

Cardiologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of the heart

4

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

5

Logy

Suffix
study of

6

Cardiology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty of diseases of the heart

7

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

8

Vascular

Root
Blood vessel

9

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

10

Cardiovascular

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the heart and the blood vessel

11

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

12

Pulmon

Root
Lung

13

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

14

Resuscit

Root
Revive from apparent death

15

Ation

Suffix
A Process

16

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
The attempt to restore cardiac and pulmonary function

17

Diaphor

Root
Sweat

18

Esis

Suffix
Condition

19

Diaphoresis

Root + Suffix
Sweat, perspiration or sweaty

20

Diaphor

Root
Sweat

21

Etic

Suffix
Pertaining to

22

Diaphoretic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to sweat or perspiration

23

Electr/o

Root + Combining Form
Electricity

24

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

25

Gram

Suffix
A record

26

Electrocardiogram

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form+ Suffix
Record of the electrical signals of the heart

27

Graph

Suffix
To record

28

Electrocardiograph

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Machine that makes the electrocardiogram

29

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

30

Electrocardiography

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The method of recording and the interpretation of the electrocardiograms

31

Electr

Root
Electricity

32

Ode

Suffix
way, road

33

Electrode

Root + Suffix
A device for conducting electricity

34

Media

Prefix
Middle

35

Stin

Root
Partition

36

Um

Suffix
Structure

37

Mediastinum

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Area between the lungs containing the heart, aorta, vanae cavae, esophagus and trachea

38

Phleb/o

Root + Combining Form
Vein

39

Tom

Root
Incise, cut

40

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

41

Phlebotomist

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Person skilled in taking blood from veins

42

Tomy

Suffix
Surgical incision

43

Phlebotomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Taking blood from a vein

44

Sternum

Latin The chest
Long flat bone forming the center of the anterior wall of the chest

45

Thorac

Root
Chest

46

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to
Cavity, Latin Hollow

47

Thoracic Cavity

Root + Suffix
Space within the chest containing the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, aorta, veae cavae, and pulmonary vessels

48

Aorta

Greek Lift up
Main trunk of the systemic arterial system

49

Aort

Root
Aorta

50

Ic

Pertaining to

51

Aortic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to to the aorta

52

Coron

Root
Crown, coronary

53

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

54

Circulat

Root
Circular route

55

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

56

Coronary Circulation

Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Blood vessels supplying the heart muscle

57

Endo

Prefix
Inside

58

Card/i

Root + Combining Form
Heart

59

Um

Suffix
Structure

60

Endocardium

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The inside lining of the heart

61

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

62

Endocardial

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the ecndocardium

63

Epi

Prefix
Upon, above

64

Card/i

Root + Combining Form
Heart

65

Um

Suffix
Structure

66

Epicardium

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The outer layer of the heart wall

67

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

68

Epicardial

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the epicardium

69

In

Prefix
In

70

Farct

Root
Area of dead tissue

71

Infarct

Prefix + Root
Area of cell death resulting from an infarction

72

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

73

Infarction

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Sudden blockage of an artery

74

Isch

Root
To keep back

75

Emia

Suffix
A blood condition

76

Ischemia

Root + Suffix
Lack of blood supply to a tissue

77

Emic

Suffix
A condition of the blood

78

Ischemic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or affected by the lack of blood supply to a tissue

79

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

80

Card/i

Root + Combining Form
Heart

81

Um

Suffix
Structure

82

Myocardium

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
All the heart muscle

83

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

84

Myocardial

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the heart muscle

85

Necr

Root
Death

86

Osis

Suffix
Condition

87

Necrosis

Root + Suffix
Pathologic death of cells or tissue

88

Necr/o

Root + Combining Form
Death

89

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

90

Necrotic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to or affected by necrosis

91

Peri

Prefix
Around

92

Card/i

Root + Combining Form
Heart

93

Um

Suffix
Structure

94

Pericardium

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A double layer of membranes surrounding the heart

95

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

96

Pericardial

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the pericardium

97

Pulmon

Root
Lung

98

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

99

Pulmonary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the lungs and their blood supply

100

Atri

Root
Entrance, atrium

101

Um

Suffix
Structure

102

Atrium

Root + Suffix
Chamber where blood enters the heart on both the right and left sides

103

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

104

Atrial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the atrium

105

Bi

Prefix
Two

106

Cusp

Root
Point

107

Id

Suffix
Having a particular quality

108

Bicuspid

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Having two points, a bicuspid heart valve has two flaps

109

Inter

Prefix
Between

110

Atri

Root
Atrium

111

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

112

Interatrial

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Between the atria of the heart

113

Inter

Prefix
Between

114

Ventricul

Root
Ventricle

115

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

116

Interventricular

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Between the ventricles of the heart

117

Mitral

Latin Turban
Shaped like the headdress of a catholic bishop

118

Septum

Latin Partition
Thin wall dividing the two cavities

119

Tri

Prefix
Three

120

Cusp

Root
Point

121

Id

Suffix
Having a particular quality

122

Tricuspid

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Having three points, a tricuspid heart valve has three flaps

123

Ventricle

Latin Small belly
Chamber of the heart (pumps) or a cavity in the brain ( produces cerebrospinal fluid)

124

A

Prefix
Without

125

Rrythm

Root
Rhythm

126

Ia

Suffix
Condition

127

Arrhythmia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Condition when the heart rhythm is abnormal

128

Atri/o

Root + Combining Form
Enhance, atrium

129

Ventricul

Root
Ventricle

130

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

131

Atrioventricular

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to both the atrium and the ventricle

132

Diastole

Greek Dilation
Dilation of heart cavities, during which they fill with blood

133

Diastol

Root
Diastole

134

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

135

Diastolic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to diastole

136

Dys

Prefix
Bad, Difficult

137

Rhythm

Root
Rhythm

138

Ia

Suffix
Condition

139

dysrhythmia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
An abnormal heart rhythm

140

Murmur

Latin Low Voice
Abnormal heart sound heard with a stethoscope when a valve closes or opens abnormally

141

Sin/o

Root + Combining Form
Sinus

142

Atri

Root
Atrium

143

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

144

Sinoatrial node

The center of modified cardiac muscle fibers in the wall of the right atrium that acts as the pacemaker for the heart rhythm

145

Sinus Rhythm

Sinus Channel, cavity rhythm Greek to flow
The normal heart rhythm arising from the sinoatrial node

146

systole

Greek Contraction Contraction of the heart muscle

147

Systol

Root
Systole, contraction

148

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

149

Systolic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to systole

150

Vital Signs

Vital Latin Life
Signs Latin Mark
A Procedure during a physical examination in which temperature, pulse, respirations and blood pressure are measured to assess general health and cardiorespiratory function

151

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

152

My/o

Root + Combining Form
muscle

153

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

154

Cardiomyopathy

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form+ Suffix
Disease of the heart muscle, the myocardium

155

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

156

Version

Suffix
Change

157

Cardioversion

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Restoration of a normal heart rhythm by electric shock

158

De

Prefix
From, Out of

159

Fibrill

Root
Small fiber

160

Ation

Suffix
Process

161

Defibrillation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Restoration of uncontrolled twitching of cardiac muscle fibers to normal rhythm

162

Ator

Suffix
Instrument

163

Defibrillator

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Instrument for defibrillation

164

Fibrill

Root
Small fiber

165

Ation

Suffix
A Process

166

Fibrillation

Root + Suffix
Uncontrolled quivering or twitching of the heart muscle

167

Im

Prefix
In

168

Plant

Root
Insert

169

Able

Suffix
Capable

170

Implantable

Prefix + Root + Suffix
A device that can be inserted into tissues

171

Pace

Root
Step

172

Maker

Suffix
One who makes

173

Pacemaker

Root + Suffix
Device that regulates cardiac electrical activity

174

Palpit

Root
Throb

175

Ation

Suffix
A process

176

Palpitation

Root + Suffix
Forcible, rapid beat of the heart felt by the patient

177

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

178

Megaly

Suffix
Enlargement

179

Cardiomegaly

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Enlargement of the heart

180

Cor

Root
heart

181

Pulmon

Root
Lung

182

Ale

Suffix
Pertaining to

183

Cor pulmonale

Root + Root + Suffix
Right-sided heart failure arising from chronic lung disease

184

Endo

Prefix
Within

185

Card

Root
Heart

186

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

187

Endocarditits

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the lining of the heart

188

Ex

Prefix
Out of

189

Sud

Root
Sweat

190

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to

191

Exudate

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Fluid that has passed out of a tissue or capillaries as a result of inflammation or injury

192

Hyper

Prefix
Above, excessive

193

Trophy

Root
Development

194

Hypertrophy

Prefix + Root
Increase in size, but not in number, of an individual tissue element

195

In

Prefix
Not

196

Compet

Root
Strive together

197

Ence

Suffix
Quality of

198

Incompetence

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Failure of a valve to close completely

199

In

Prefix
Not

200

Suffic/i

Root + Combining Form
Enough

201

Ency

Suffix
Quality of

202

Insufficiency

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Lack of completeness of function; e.g., a heart valve that fails to close properly

203

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

204

Card

Root
Heart

205

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

206

Myocarditis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the heart muscle

207

Peri

Prefix
Around

208

Card

Root
Heart

209

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

210

Pericarditis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the pericardium, the covering of the heart

211

Prolapse

Latin a falling
An organ slips out of its normal position

212

Prosthesis

Greek an addition
A manufactured substitute for a missing or diseased part of the body

213

Prosthet

Root
Artificial part

214

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

215

Prosthetic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a prosthesis

216

Re

Prefix
Back

217

Gurgit

Root
Flood

218

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to

219

Regurgitate

Prefix + Root + Suffix
To flow backward; e.g., blood through a heart valve

220

Sten/o

Root + Combining Form
Narrow

221

Sis

Suffix
Abnormal condition

222

Stenosis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Narrowing of a canal or passage, e.g., of a heart valve

223

Tampon

Root
Plug

224

Ade

Suffix
A process

225

Tamponade

Root + Suffix
Pathologic compression of an organ, such as the heart

226

An

Prefix
Without

227

Ox

Root
Oxygen

228

Ia

Suffix
Condition

229

Anoxia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Without Oxygen

230

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

231

Anoxic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from lack of oxygen

232

Arteri/o

Root + Combining Form
Artery

233

Scler/o

Root + Combining Form
Hardness

234

SIs

Suffix
Abnormal Condition

235

Arteriosclerosis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Hardening of the arteries

236

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

237

Arteriosclerotic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to or affected by arteriosclerosis

238

A

Prefix
Without

239

Systol/e

Root + Combining Form
Contraction

240

Asystole

Prefix + Root + Combining Form
Absence of contractions of the heart

241

Ather

Root
Porridge, gruel

242

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

243

Atheroma

Rott + Suffix
Fatty deposit in the lining of an artery

244

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

245

Atherectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the atheroma

246

Ather/o

Root + Combining Form
Porridge, gruel

247

Scler/o

Root + Combining Form
Hardness

248

Sis

Suffix
Abnormal condition

249

Atherosclerosis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Hardening of the arteries due to atheroma

250

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

251

Gen

Root
Produce

252

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

253

Cardiogenic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Of cardiac origin

254

Hypo

Prefix
Below

255

Vol

Root
Volume

256

Emic

Suffix
A condition in the blood

257

Hypovolemic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Decreased blood volume in the body

258

Ia

Suffix
A condition

259

Hypovolemia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a decreased blood volume in the body

260

Occlude

Latin to close
To close, plug, or completely obstruct

261

Occlusion

Latin to close
A complete obstruction

262

Sub

Prefix
Under

263

Stern

Root
Chest

264

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

265

Substernal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Under the sternum or breastbone

266

Coarct

Root
Press, together, narrow

267

Ation

Suffix
Process

268

Coarctation

Root + Suffix
Constriction, stenosis, particularly of the aorta

269

Con

Prefix
Together with

270

Genit

Root
Bring forth

271

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

272

Congenital

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Present at birth either inherited or due to an event during gestation up to the moment of birth

273

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

274

Tens

Root
Pressure

275

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

276

Hypertension

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Persistent high arterial blood pressure

277

Hypo

Prefix
Low

278

Hypotension

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Persistent low arterial blood pressure

279

Idi/o

Root + Combining Form
Unknown

280

Path

Root
Disease

281

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

282

Idiopathic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a disease of unknown etiology

283

Patent

Root
Lie open

284

Ductus

Root
Leading

285

Arteriosus

Root
Artery

286

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Root+ Root + Root
An open, direct channel between the aorta and the pulmonary artery in the newborn

287

Syn

Prefix
Together

288

Drome

Root
Running

289

Syndrome

Prefix + Root
Combination of signs and symptoms associate with a particular disease process

290

Tetra

Prefix
Four

291

Logy

Root
Study of

292

Tetralogy

Prefix + Root
Set of four congenital heart defects occurring together

293

Angi/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood vessel

294

Gram

Suffix
A record

295

Angiogram

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Radiograph obtained after injection of radiopaque contrast material into blood vessels

296

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

297

Angiography

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of contrast material

298

Angi/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood vessel

299

Plasty

Suffix
Surgical repair

300

Angioplasty

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Recanalization of a blood vessel by surgery

301

Catheter

Greek to send down
Hollow tube to allow passage of fluid into or out of a body cavity, organ or vessel

302

Catheter

Root
Catheter

303

Ize

Suffix
Action

304

Catheterize

Root + Suffix
To introduce a catheter

305

Ization

Suffix
Process of inserting

306

Catheterization

Root + Suffix
Introduction of a catheter

307

Echo

Root + Combining Form
Sound wave

308

Card/i

Root + Combining Form
Heart

309

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

310

Echocardiography

Root + Combining Form +Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Ultrasound recording of heart function

311

Lip/o

Root + Combining Form
Fat

312

Protein

Root
Protein

313

Lipoprotein

Root + Combining Form + Root
Bonding of molecules of fat and protein

314

Per

Prefix
Through

315

Cutan/e

Root + Combining Form
Skin

316

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

317

Percutaneous

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Passage through the skin, in this case, by needle puncture

318

Stent

Charles Stent, English Dentist 19th Century
Wire- mesh tube used to keep arteries open

319

Thrombus

Latin Clot
A clot attached to a diseased blood vessel or heart lining

320

Thromb/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood clot

321

Ly

Root
Break down

322

Tic

Suffix
pertaining to

323

Thrombolytic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Able to dissolve or break up a blood clot

324

Lysis

Suffix
Dissolve

325

Thrombolysis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Dissolving of a thrombus

326

Tri

Prefix
Three

327

Glycer

Root
Sweet, glycerol

328

Ide

Suffix
Having a particular quality

329

Triglyceride

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Lipid containing three fatty acids

330

Artery

Greek artery
Thick-walled blood vessel carrying oxygenated blood away from the heart

331

Claudic

Root
Limping

332

Ation

Suffix
A process

333

Caludication

Root + Suffix
intermitten leg pain and limping

334

Doppler

Johann Doppler, Austrian mathematician and physician, 1803-1853
Diagnostic instrument that sends an ultrasonic beam into the body

335

Hem/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood

336

Dynam

Root
Power

337

Ics

Suffix
Knowledge

338

Hemodynamics

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
The science of the blood flow through the circulation

339

Vein

Latin Vein
Blood vessel carrying blood toward the heart

340

Ven

Root
Vein

341

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

342

Venous

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a vein

343

Ven/o

Root + Combining Form
Vein

344

Gram

Suffix
Recording

345

Venogram

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Radiograph of veins after injection of radiopaque contrast material

346

Varix

Latin Dilated vein
Dilated, tortuous vein

347

Varic

Root
Varicosity; dilated tortuous vein

348

Ose

Suffix
Full of

349

Varicose

Root + Suffix
Characterized by or affected with varices

350

Arteri

Root
Artery

351

Ole

Suffix
Small

352

Arteriole

Root + Suffix
Small terminal artery leading into the capillary network

353

Brachi

Root
Arm

354

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

355

Brachial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the arm

356

Capill

Root
Hairlike Structure

357

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

358

Capillary

Root + Suffix
Minute blood vessel between the arterial and venous system

359

Diffuse

Latin to pull in different directions
To disseminate or spread out

360

Home/o

Root + Combining Form
The same

361

Stasis

Suffix
Stand still

362

Homeostasis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Maintaing the stability, or equilibrium, of a system or the body's internal environment

363

Palpate

Latin touch, stroke
To examine with the fingers and hands

364

Palpat

Root
Touch, stroke

365

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

366

Palpation

Root + Suffix
Examination with the fingers and hands

367

Sphygm/o

Root + Combining Form
Pulse

368

Man/o

Root + Combining Form
Pressure

369

Meter

Suffix
Instrument to measure

370

Sphygmomanometer

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure

371

Steth/o

Root + Combining Form
Chest

372

Scope

Suffix
Instrument to examine

373

Stethoscope

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument for listening to respiratory and cardiac sounds

374

Ven/a

Root + Combining Form
Vein

375

Cava

Root
Cave

376

Vena Cava

Root + Combining Form + Root
One of the two largest veins in the body

377

Venae Cavae

Root + Combining Form + Root
The two largest veins in the body

378

Ven

Root
Vein

379

Ule

Suffix
Small

380

Venule

Root + Suffix
Small vein leading from the capillary network

381

Aneurysm

Greek dilation
Circumscribed dilation of an artery or cardiac chamber

382

Col

Prefix
With, together

383

Lateral

Root
At the side

384

Collateral

Prefix + Root
Situated at the side, often to bypass an obstruction

385

Dilat

Root
Widen, Dilate, open up

386

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

387

Dilation

Root + Suffix
Stretching or enlarging an opening

388

Edema

Greek Swelling
Excessive accumulation of fluid in cells and tissues

389

Edema

Root
Swelling

390

Tous

Suffix
Pertaining to

391

Edematous

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or affected by edema

392

End

Prefix
Within

393

Arter

Root
Artery

394

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

395

Endarterectomy

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of plaque from an artery

396

Phleb

Root
Vein

397

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

398

Phlebitis

Root + Suffix
inflammation of a vein

399

Rupture

Latin break
Break or tear of any organ or body part

400

Scler/o

Root + Combining Form
hardness

401

Therapy

Suffix
Treatment

402

Sclerotherapy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Injection of a solution into a vein to thrombose it

403

Scler

Root
Hardness

404

Ose

Suffix
Full of

405

Sclerose

Root + Suffix
To harden or thicken

406

Osis

Suffix
Condition

407

Sclerosis

Root + Suffix
Thickening or hardening of a tissue

408

Syn

Prefix
Together

409

Thet

Root
Arrange

410

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

411

Synthetic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Built up or put together from simpler compounds

412

Thromb/o

Root + Combining Form
Clot

413

Embol

Root
Plug

414

Ism

Suffix
Condition

415

Thromboembolism

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
A piece of detached blood clot blocking a distant blood vessel

416

Thombr/o

Root + Combining Form
Clot

417

Phleb

Root
Vein

418

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

419

Thrombrophlebitis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of a vein with clot formation