Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

Med Terminology > Chapter 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (522):
1

Cervix

Latin Neck
Lower part of the uterus

2

Cervic

Root
Neck

3

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

4

Cervical

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the cervix

5

Clitoris

Greek Clitoris
Erectile organ of the vulva

6

Estr/o

Root + Combining Form
Woman

7

Gen

Suffix
Produce

8

Estrogen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Generic term for hormones that stimulate female secondary sex characteristics

9

Fornix
Fornices (Pl)

Latin A vault
Arch-shaped, blind-ended part of the vagina behind and around the cervix

10

Gynec/o

Root + Combining Form
Woman, Female

11

Logy

Suffix
Study of

12

Gynecology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialty of diseases of the female reproductive tract

13

Gynec/o

Root + Combining Form
Woman, Female

14

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

15

Gynecologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Specialist in gynecology

16

Gynec/o

Root + Combining Form
Woman, female

17

Log

Root
To study

18

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

19

Gynecologic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to gynecology

20

Hymen

Greek Membrane
Thin membrane partly occluding the vaginal orifice

21

Labium
Labia (Pl)

Greek Lip
Fold of the vulva

22

Majus
Majora (Pl)

Latin Greater
Bigger or greater; e.g., the labia majora

23

Minus
Minora (Pl)

Latin Smaller
Smaller or lesser; e.g., the labia minora

24

Mons Pubis

Mons, Latin Mountain
Pubis, Latin Pubic bone
Fleshy pad with pubic hair, overlying the pubic bone

25

Ovary
Ovaries (Pl)

Latin Egg
One of the paired female reproductive glands

26

Ovari

Root
Ovary

27

An

Suffix
Pertaining to

28

Ovarian

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the ovary(ies)

29

Pro

Prefix
Before

30

Gest

Root
Pregnancy

31

Er

Suffix
Agent, one who does

32

One

Suffix
Hormone, chemical substance

33

Progesterone

Prefix + Root + Suffix + Suffix
Hormone that prepares the uterus for pregnancy

34

Vagina

Latin Sheath
The female genital canal extending from the uterus to the vulva

35

Vagin

Root
Vagina

36

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

37

Vaginal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the vagina

38

Vulva

Latin A wrapper or covering
Female external genitalia

39

Vulv

Root
Vulva

40

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

41

Vulvar

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the vulva

42

Dys

Prefix
Painful

43

Pareun

Root
Lying beside, sexual intercourse

44

Ia

Suffix
Condition

45

Dyspareunia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pain during sexual intercourse

46

Tampon

French Plug
Plug or pack in a cavity to absorb or stop bleeding

47

Vagin

Root
Vagina

48

Osis

Suffix
Condition

49

Vaginosis

Root + Suffix
A disease of the vagina

50

Vagin

Root
Vagina

51

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

52

Vaginitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the vagina

53

Vestibul

Root
Entrance

54

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

55

Vestibulectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical excision of the vulva

56

Vulv/o

Root + Combining Form
Vulva

57

Dynia

Suffix
Pain

58

Vulvodynia

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Chronic vulvar pain

59

Vulv/o

Root + Combining Form
Vulva

60

Vagin

Root
Vagina

61

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

62

Vulvovaginal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the vulva and vagina

63

Vulv/o

Root + Combining Form
Vulva

64

Vagin

Root
Vagina

65

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

66

Vulvovaginitis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the vulva and vagina

67

Acquired

Latin Obtain

68

Immun/o

Root + Combining Form
Immune response

69

Defici

Root
Lacking, inadequate

70

Ency

Suffix
Condition

71

Syn

Prefix
Together

72

Drome

Root
Running

73

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix + Prefix + Suffix
Infection with the HIV virus

74

Syn

Prefix
Together

75

Drome

Root
Running

76

Syndrome

Prefix + Root
Combination of signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease process

77

Chancre

Latin Cancer
Primary lesion of syphilis

78

Chlamydia

Latin Cloak
An STD caused by infection with Chlamydia, a species of bacteria

79

Condom

Old English Sheath or cover
A sheath or cover for the penis or vagina to prevent conception and infection

80

Gon/o

Root + Combining Form
Seed

81

Rrhea

Root
Flow, discharge

82

Gonorrhea

Root + Combining Form + Root
Specific contagious sexually transmitted infection

83

Human

Root
Human being

84

Immun/o

Root + Combining Form
Immune response

85

Defici

Root
Lacking, inadequate

86

Ency

Suffix
Condition

87

Virus

Latin Poison

88

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Root + Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Etiologic agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

89

Human

Root
Human being

90

Papill

Root
Pimple

91

Oma

Suffix
Tumor

92

Virus

Latin Poison

93

Human Papilloma Virus

Root + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Causes warts on the skin and genitalia and can increase the risk for cervical cancer

94

Mollusc

Root
Soft

95

Contagi/o

Root + Combining Form
Transmissible by contact

96

Um

Suffix
Structure

97

Molluscum Contagiosum

Root + Suffix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
STD caused by a virus

98

Opportun

Root
Take advantage of

99

Ist

Suffix
Agent, specialist

100

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

101

Opportunistic Infection

Root + Suffix + Suffix
An infection that causes disease when the immune system is comprised for other reasons

102

Replic

Root
Reply

103

Ation

Suffix
Process of

104

Replication

Root + Suffix
Reproduction to produce an exact copy

105

Syphilis

Principal character in a Latin poem
Sexually transmitted disease caused by a spirochete

106

Trich/o

Root + Combining Form
Hair

107

Monas

Root
Single unit

108

Trichomonas

Root + Combining Form + Root
A Parasite causing an STD

109

Trich/o

Root + Combining Form
Hair

110

Mon

Root
Single unit

111

Iasis

Suffix
Condition

112

Trichomoniasis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Infection with Trichmonas vaginalis

113

Fallopian Tubes

Uterine tubes connected to the fundus of the uterus

114

Menses

Latin Month
Monthly uterine bleeding

115

Menstr/u

Root + Combining Form
Menses

116

Ation

Suffix
Process

117

Menstruation

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Same as menses

118

Menstr/u

Root + Combining Form
Menses

119

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

120

Menstruate

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Act of menstruation

121

Menstr/u

Root + Combining Form
Menses

122

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

123

Menstrual

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to menstruation

124

Ovum
Ova (Pl)

Latin Egg
Egg

125

Endo

Prefix
Within, inside

126

Metr/i

Root + Combining Form
Uterus

127

Um

Suffix
Tissue

128

Endometrium

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Inner lining of the uterus

129

Endo

Prefix
Within, inside

130

Metr/i

Root + Combining Form
Uterus

131

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

132

Endometrial

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the inner lining of the uterus

133

Fallopian Tubes

Uterine tubes connected to the fundus of the uterus

134

Fimbria
Fimbriae (Pl)

Latin Fringe
Fringelike structure

135

Fundus

Latin Bottom
The upper, rounded top of the uterus above the openings of the fallopian tubes

136

Men

Root
Month

137

Arche

Suffix
Beginning

138

Menarche

Root + Suffix
First menstrual period

139

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

140

Metr/i

Root + Combining Form
Uterus

141

Um

Suffix
Tissue

142

Myometrium

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Muscle wall of the uterus

143

Os

Latin Mouth
Opening into a canal; e.g., the cervix

144

Pub

Root
Pubis

145

Arche

Suffix
Beginning

146

Pubarche

Root + Suffix
Onset of development of pubic and axillary hair

147

Thel

Root
Breast, nipple

148

Arche

Suffix
Beginning

149

Thelarche

Root + Suffix
Onset of breast development

150

Uterus

Latin Womb
Organ in which an egg develops into a fetus

151

Uter

Root
Uterus

152

Ine

Suffix
Pertaining to

153

Uterine

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the uterus

154

A

Prefix
Without

155

Men/o

Root + Combining Form
Menses

156

Rhhea

Root
Flow, discharge

157

Amenorrhea

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Root
Absence or abnormal cessation of menstrual flow

158

Dys

Prefix
Painful or difficult

159

Men/o

Root + Combining Form
Menses

160

Rrhea

Root
Flow, discharge

161

Dysmenorrhea

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Root
Painful and difficult menstruation

162

Men/o

Root + Combining Form
Menses

163

Pause

Root
Cessation

164

Menopause

Root + Combining Form + Root
Permanent ending of menstrual periods

165

Men/o

Root + Combining Form
Menses

166

Pause

Root
Cessation

167

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

168

Menopausal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the menopause

169

Pre

Prefix
Before

170

Menstru

Root
Menses

171

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

172

Premenstrual

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the time immediately before the menses

173

Primary

Latin First
The First disease or symptom, after which others may occur as complications

174

Secondary

Latin Following or second
Diseases or symptoms following a primary disease or symptom

175

Ante

Prefix
Forward

176

Vers

Root
Turn

177

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

178

Anteversion

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Forward displacement or tilting of a structure (in this case, the uterus)

179

Colp/o

Root + Combining Form
Vagina

180

Pexy

Suffix
Surgical fixation

181

Colpopexy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Surgical fixation of the vaginal walls

182

Cyst/o

Root + Combining Form
Bladder

183

Cele

Suffix
Hernia

184

Cystocele

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Hernia of the bladder into the vagina

185

Endo

Prefix
Within, inside

186

Metr/i

Root + Combining Form
Uterus

187

Osis

Suffix
Condition

188

Endometriosis

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Endometrial tissue outside the uterus

189

Fibr

Root
Fiber

190

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

191

Fibrous

Root + Suffix
Uterine tumor resembling fibrous tissue

192

Fibr/o

Root + Combining Form
Fiber

193

My

Root
Muscle

194

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

195

Fibromyoma

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Benign neoplasm derived from smooth muscle and containing fibrous tissue

196

Hyster

Root
Uterus

197

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

198

Hysterectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the uterus

199

Lei/o

Root + Combining Form
Smooth

200

My

Root
Muscle

201

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

202

Leiomyoma

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Benign neoplasm derived from smooth muscle

203

Men/o

Root + Combining Form
Menses

204

Rrhagia

Suffix
Flow, discharge

205

Menorrhagia

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Excessive menstrual bleeding

206

Metr/o

Root + Combining Form
Uterus

207

Rrhagia

Suffix
Flow, discharge

208

Metrorrhagia

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Irregular uterine bleeding between menses

209

My

Root
Muscle

210

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

211

Myoma

Root + Suffix
Benign Tumor

212

My

Root
Muscle

213

Om

Root
Tumor

214

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

215

Myomectomy

Root + Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of a myoma

216

Pessary

Greek An oval stone
Appliance insetted into the vagina to support the uterus

217

Poly

Prefix
Many, excessive

218

Men/o

Root + Combining Form
Menses

219

Rrhea

Root
Flow

220

Polymenorrhea

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Root
More than normal frequency of menses

221

Rect/o

Root + Combining Form
Rectum

222

Cele

Suffix
Hernia

223

Rectocele

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Hernia of the rectum into the vagina

224

Retro

Prefix
Backward

225

Vers

Root
Turn

226

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

227

Retroversion

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Tipping backward of the uterus

228

Salping

Root
Tube

229

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

230

Salpingitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the fallopian (uterine) tube

231

Salping

Root
Tube

232

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

233

Salpingectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of a fallopian tube

234

Ab

Prefix
Away from

235

Lat

Root
To take

236

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

237

Ablation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Removal of tissue to destroy its function

238

Coniz

Root
Cone

239

Ation

Suffix
Process

240

Conization

Root + Suffix
Surgical excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue

241

Curett

Root
To cleanse

242

Age

Suffix
Pertaining to

243

Curettage

Root + Suffix
Scraping the interior of a cavity

244

Dys

Prefix
Painful

245

Function

Root
Perform

246

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

247

Dysfunctional

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Difficulty in performing

248

Dys

Prefix
Painful, difficult

249

Plas

Root
Development, formation

250

Ia

Suffix
Condition

251

Dysplasia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Abnormal tissue formation

252

Dys

Prefix
Painful, difficult

253

Plas

Root
Development, formation

254

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

255

Dysplastic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or showing abnormal tissue formation

256

Pap Test

Examination of cells taken from the cervix

257

Coitus

Latin Come together
Sexual intercourse

258

Post

Prefix
After

259

Coit

Root
Sexual intercourse

260

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

261

Postcoital

Prefix + Root + Suffix
After sexual intercourse

262

Contra

Root
Against

263

Cept

Root
Receive

264

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

265

Contraception

Root + Root + Suffix
Prevention of pregnancy

266

Contra

Root
Against

267

Cept

Root
Receive

268

Ive

Suffix
Quality of

269

Contraceptive

Root + Root + Suffix
An agent that prevents conception

270

Diaphragm

Greek Partition or wall
A ring and dome-shaped material inserted into the vagina to prevent pregnancy

271

In

Prefix
In

272

Semin

Root
Semen

273

Ation

Suffix
Process

274

Insemination

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Introduction of semen into the vagina

275

In

Prefix
In

276

Semin

Root
Semen

277

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to

278

Inseminate

Prefix + Root + Suffix
To introduce semen into the vagina

279

In

Prefix
In

280

Vitro

Latin, glass

281

Fertil

Root
Able to conceive

282

Ization

Suffix
Process of creating

283

In Vitro Fertilization

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Process of combining sperm and egg in a laboratory dish and placing resulting embryos inside the uterus

284

Pro

Prefix
Before

285

Gest

Root
Produce, gestation

286

In

Suffix
Substance

287

Progestin

Prefix + Root + Suffix
A synthetic form of progesterone

288

Blast/o

Root + Combining Form
Germ or immature cell

289

Cyst

Suffix
Cyst, bladder

290

Blastocyst

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
First 2 weeks of the developing embryo

291

Embryo

Greek A young one
Developing organism from conception until the end of the second month

292

Embryon

Root
Embryo

293

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

294

Embryonic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the embryo

295

Fetus

Latin Offspring
Human organism from the end of the eighth week after conception to birth

296

Fet

Root
Fetus

297

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

298

Fetal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the fetus

299

Fertilize

Latin make fruitful
Penetration of the oocyte by sperm

300

Fertiliz

Root
Make fruitful

301

Ation

Suffix
Action, process

302

Fertilization

Root + Suffix
Union of a male sperm and a female egg

303

Im

Prefix
In

304

Plant

Root
To plant, insert

305

Ation

Suffix
Process

306

Implantation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Attachment of a fertilized egg to the endometrium

307

Placenta

Latin A cake
Organ that allows metabolic exchange between the mother and the fetus

308

Amni/o

Root + Combining Form
Amnion, fetal membrane

309

Centesis

Suffix
To puncture

310

Amniocentesis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Removal of amniotic fluid for diagnostic purposes

311

Chorion

Greek Membrane
The fetal membrane that forms the placenta

312

Chorion

Root
Chorion

313

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

314

Chorionic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the chorion

315

Chorion

Root
Chorion

316

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

317

Villus

Latin Shaggy hair

318

Chorion Villus

Vascular process of the embryonic chorion to form the placenta

319

Conception

Latin Something received
Fertilization of the egg by sperm to form a zygote

320

Amnion

Greek Membrane around fetus
Membrane around the fetus that contains amniotic fluid

321

Amni/o

Root + Combining Form
Amnion, fetal membrane

322

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

323

Amniotic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the amnion

324

Ectop

Root
On the outside, displaced

325

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

326

Ectopic

Root + Suffix
Out of place, not in a normal position

327

Gestat

Root
Pregnancy

328

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

329

Gestation

Root + Suffix
From conception to birth

330

Gestat

Root
Pregnancy

331

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

332

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

333

Gestational

Root + Suffix + Suffix
Pertaining to gestation

334

Lanugo

Latin Wool
Fine, soft hair on the fetal body

335

Olgio

Prefix
Scanty, too little

336

Amnios

Root
Amnion

337

Oligohydramnios

Prefix + Root + Root
Too little amniotic fluid

338

Poly

Prefix
Many, excessive

339

Hydr

Root
Water

340

Amnios

Root
Amnion

341

Polyhydramnios

Prefix + Root + Root
Too much amniotic fluid

342

Pre

Prefix
Before

343

Eclamps

Root
Shining forth

344

Ia

Suffix
Condition

345

Preeclampsia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Hypertension, edema, and proteinuria during pregnancy

346

Pre

Prefix
Before

347

Term

Root
Limit, end

348

Preterm

Prefix + Root
Baby delivered before 37 weeks of gestation

349

Trimester

Latin of 3 months duration
One-third of the length of a full-term pregnancy

350

Vernix Caseosa

Vernix, Latin Varnish
Casseosa, Latin Cheese
Cheesy substance covering the skin of the fetus

351

Auto

Prefix
Self, same

352

Lysis

Root
Destruction

353

Autolysis

Prefix + Root
Destruction of cells by enzymes within the cells

354

Dilat

Root
Open out

355

Ion

Suffix
Process

356

Dilation

Root + Suffix
Stretching or enlarging an opening

357

Efface

Root
Wipe out

358

Ment

Suffix
Resulting state

359

Effacement

Root + Suffix
Thinning of the cervix in relation to labor

360

Episi/o

Root + Combining Form
Vulva

361

Tomy

Suffix
Surgical incision

362

Episiotomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Surgical incision of the vulva

363

Gravid

Latin Pregnant
Pregnant

364

Gravida

Latin Pregnant woman
A pregnant woman

365

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

366

Emesis

Root
Vomiting

367

Emesis

Root
Vomiting

368

Hyperemesis

Prefix + Root
Excessive vomiting

369

Labor

Latin Toil, suffering
Process of expulsion of the fetus

370

Lochia

Greek Relating to childbirth
Vaginal discharge following childbirth

371

Mulit

Prefix
Many

372

Para

Root
To bring forth

373

Multipara

Prefix + Root
Woman who has given birth to two or more children

374

Neo

Prefix
New

375

Nate

Root
Born

376

Neonate

Prefix + Root
A newborn infant

377

Neo

Prefix
New

378

Nate

Root
Born

379

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

380

Neonatal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the newborn infant or the newborn period

381

Peri

Prefix
Around

382

Nat

Root
Birth

383

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

384

Perinatal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Around the time of birth

385

Post

Prefix
After

386

Partum

Root
Childbirth, to bring forth

387

Postpartum

Prefix + Root
After childbirth

388

Primi

Prefix
First

389

Gravida

Root
Pregnancy

390

Primigravida

Prefix + Root
A woman in her first pregnancy

391

Primi

Prefix
First

392

Para

Root
To bring forth

393

Primipara

Prefix + Root
Woman giving birth for the first time

394

Puer

Root
Child

395

Perium

Root
A bringing forth

396

Puerperium

Root + Root
Six-week period after birth in which the uterus involutes

397

Terat/o

Root + Combining Form
Monster, malformed fetus

398

Gen

Suffix
Create, produce

399

Teratogen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Agent that produces fetal deformities

400

Terat/o

Root + Combining Form
Monster, malformed fetus

401

Gen

Suffix
Create, produce

402

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

403

Teratogenic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix + Suffix
Capable of producing fetal deformities

404

Terat/o

Root + Combining Form
Monster, malformed fetus

405

Gen

Suffix
Create, produce

406

Esis

Suffix
Condition

407

Teratogenesis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix + Suffix
Process involved in producing fetal deformities

408

Abort

Root
Fait at onset

409

Ion

Suffix
Action

410

Abortion

Root + Suffix
Spontaneous or induced expulsion of the embryo or fetus from the uterus at 20 weeks or less

411

Breech

Old English Trousers
Buttocks-first presentation of the fetus at delivery

412

Cesarean Section C-Section

Extraction of the fetus through an incision in the abdomen and uterine wall

413

Kern

Root
Nucleus

414

Icterus

Root
Jaundice

415

Kernicterus

Root + Root
Bilirubin staining on the basal nuclei of the brain

416

Meconium

Greek A little Poppy
The first bowel movement of a newborn

417

Nuchal Cord

Nuchal, French The back of the neck
Loop(s) of umbilical cord around the fetal neck

418

Placenta Abruptio

Abruptio, Latin To break off
The premature detachment of the placenta

419

Pre

Prefix
Before, in front of

420

Via

Root
The way

421

Previa

Prefix + Root
Placenta obstructing the fetus during delivery

422

Post

Prefix
After

423

Mature

Root
Ripe, ready

424

Postmature

Prefix + Root
Infant born after 42 weeks of gestation

425

Post

Prefix
After

426

Mature

Root
Ripe, ready

427

Ity

Suffix
Condition, state

428

Postmaturity

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Condition of being postmature

429

Pre

Prefix
Before

430

Mature

Root
Ripe, fully developed

431

Premature

Prefix + Root
Occurring before the expected time

432

Pre

Prefix
Before

433

Mature

Root
Ripe, fully developed

434

Ity

Suffix
Condition, state

435

Prematurity

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Condition of being premature

436

Surfactant

Surface Active Agent
A protein and fat compound that creates surface tension to hold the lung alveolar walls apart

437

Vertex

Latin Whorl
Topmost point of the vault of the skull

438

Apo

Prefix
Separation from

439

Ptosis

Root
Drooping

440

Apoptosis

Prefix + Root
Programmed normal cell death

441

Areola

Latin Small area
Circular reddish area surrounding the nipple

442

Areol

Root
Areloar

443

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

444

Areolar

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the areola

445

Colostrum

Latin Foremilk
The first breast secretion at the end of pregnancy

446

In

Prefix
In

447

Volut

Root
Roll up, shrink

448

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

449

Involution

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Decrease in size

450

Lact

Root
Milk

451

Ation

Suffix
Action, process of

452

Lactation

Root + Suffix
Production of milk

453

Lact

Root
Milk

454

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

455

Lactate

Root + Suffix
To produce milk

456

Lact

Root
Milk

457

Ifer

Root
To bear, carry

458

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

459

Lactiferous

Root + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or yielding milk

460

Mamm

Root
Breast

461

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

462

Mammary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the lactating breast

463

Nipple

Old English Small nose
Projecting from the breast into which the lactiferous ducts open

464

Oxy

Root
Oxygen

465

Toc

Root
Labor

466

In

Suffix
Substance

467

Oxytocin

Root + Root + Suffix
Pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract

468

Pro

Prefix
Before

469

Lact

Root
Milk

470

In

Suffix
Substance

471

Prolactin

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of milk

472

Anti

Prefix
Against

473

Ne/o

Root + Combining Form
New

474

Plas

Root
Growth

475

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

476

Antineoplastic

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the prevention of the growth and spread of cancer cells

477

Fibr/o

Root + Combining Form
Fiber

478

Aden

Root
Gland

479

Oma

Suffix
Tumor

480

Fibroadenoma

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Benign tumor containing much fibrous tissue

481

Fibr/o

Root + Combining Form
Fiber

482

Cyst

Root
Cyst

483

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

484

Fibrocystic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Bengin breast disease with multiple tiny lumps and cysts

485

Galact/o

Root + Combining Form
Milk

486

Rrhea

Root
Flow

487

Galctorrhea

Root + Combining Form + Root
Abnormal flow of milk from the breasts

488

Gene

Greek Origin, birth
Functional segment of DNA molecule

489

Genet

Root
Origin

490

Ics

Suffix
Knowledge

491

Genetics

Root + Suffix
Science of the inheritance of characteristics

492

Genet

Root
Origin

493

Ics

Suffix
Knowledge

494

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

495

Geneticsist

Root + Suffix + Suffix
A specialist in genetics

496

Gynec/o

Root + Combining Form
Female

497

Mast

Root
Breast

498

Ia

Suffix
Condition

499

Gynecomastia

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Enlargement of the breast

500

Lump

Root
Piece

501

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

502

Lumpectomy

Root + Suffix
Removal of a lesion with preservation of surrounding tissue

503

Mamm/o

Root + Combining Form
Breast

504

Gram

Suffix
Record

505

Mammogram

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The record produced by x-ray imaging of the breasts

506

Mamm/o

Root + Combining Form
Breast

507

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

508

Mammography

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Process of x-ray examination of the breast

509

Mast

Root
Breast

510

Algia

Suffix
Pain

511

Mastalgia

Root + Suffix
Pain in the breast

512

Mast

Root
Breast

513

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

514

Mastectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical excision of the breast

515

Mast

Root
Breast

516

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

517

Mastitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the breasts

518

Paget Disease

Scaling, crusting lesion on the nipple, often associated with an underlying cancer of the breast

519

Stere/o

Root + Combining Form
Three-dimensional

520

Tact

Root
Orderly arrangement

521

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

522

Stereotactic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
A precise three-dimensional method to locate a lesion