Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (194):
1

A

Prefix
Without

2

Trophy

Root
Nourishment

3

Atrophy

Prefix + Root
The wasting away or diminished volume of tissue, an organ, or a body part

4

Hyper

Prefix
Above, Excessive

5

Trophy

Root
Nourishment

6

Hypertrophy

Prefix + Root
Increase in size, but not in number, of an individual tissue element

7

Con

Prefix
With, together

8

Tract

Root
Draw

9

Contract

Prefix + Root
Draw together or shorten

10

Fascia

Latin Band
Sheet of fibrous connective tissue

11

Fiber

Latin Fiber
A strand or filament

12

Multi

Prefix
Many

13

Disciplin

Root
Instruction

14

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

15

Multidisciplinary

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Involving health care providers from more then one profession

16

Muscle

Latin Muscle
A tissue consisting of cells that can contract

17

Skelet

Root
Skeleton

18

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

19

Skeletal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the skeleton

20

Tone

Greek Tone
Tension present in resting muscles

21

Volunt

Root
Free will

22

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

23

Voluntary

Root + Suffix
Muscle that is under the control of the will

24

Dys

Prefix
Difficult

25

Trophy

Root
Nourishment

26

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Prefix + Root
A condition with symmetrical weakness and wasting of pelvic, shoulder, and proximal limb muscles

27

Fibr/o

Root + Combining Form
Fiber

28

My

Root
Muscle

29

Algia

Suffix
Pain

30

Fibromyalgia

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pain in the muscle fibers

31

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muscle

32

Glob

Root
Globe

33

In

Suffix
Substance

34

Myoglobin

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Protein of muscle that stores and transports oxygen

35

Rhabd/o

Root + Combining Form
Rod shaped

36

My/o

Root + Combining Form
Muslce

37

Lysis

Suffix
Destruction

38

Rhabdomyolysis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Destruction of muscle to produce myoglobin

39

Sprain

Root Unknown
A wrench or tear in a ligament

40

Strain

Latin To bind
Overstretch or tear in a muscle or tendon

41

Tendon

Latin Sinew
Fibrous band that connects muscle to bone

42

Tendin

Root
Tendon

43

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

44

Tendonitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of a tendon

45

Ten/o

Root + Combining Form
Tendon

46

Synov

Root
Synovial membrane

47

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

48

Tenosynovitis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of a tendon and its surrounding synovial sheath

49

Thym

Root
Thymus gland

50

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

51

Thymectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the thymus gland

52

Ambulat

Root
Walking

53

Ory

Suffix
Having the function of

54

Ambulatory

Root + Suffix
Surgery or any other care provided without an overnight stay in a medical facility

55

Insert

Root
Put together

56

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

57

Insertion

Root + Suffix
The insertion of a muscle is the attachment of a muscle to a more moveable part of the skeleton, as distinct from the origin

58

Origin

Latin Source of
Fixed source of a muscle at its attachment to bone

59

Pector

Root
Chest

60

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

61

Pectoral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the chest

62

Pector

Root
Chest

63

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

64

Girdle

Old English Encircle

65

Pectoral Girdle

Root + Suffix
Incomplete bony ring that attaches the upper limb to the axial skeleton

66

Rotat

Root
Rotate

67

Or

Suffix
One who does

68

Cuff

Old English Band

69

Rotator Cuff

Root + Suffix
Part of the capsule of the shoulder joint

70

Bi

Prefix
Two

71

Ceps

Root
Head

72

Brachi/i

Root + Combining Form
Of the arm

73

Biceps Brachii

Prefix + Root + Root + Combining Form
A muscle of the arm that has two head or points of origin on the scapula

74

Brachi

Root
Arm

75

Alis

Suffix
Pertaining to

76

Brachialis

Root + Suffix
Muscle that lies underneath the biceps and is the strongest flexor of the forearm

77

Brachi/o

Root + Combining Form
Arm

78

Radi

Root
Radius

79

Alis

Suffix
Pertaining to

80

Brachioradialis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Muscle that helps flex the forearm

81

Cyst

Greek Fluid-filled sac
An abnormal, fluid-containing sac

82

Delt

Root
Traingle

83

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

84

Deltoid

Root + Suffix
Large fan-shaped muscle connecting the scapula and clavicle to the humerus

85

Dorsum

Latin Back
The back of any part of the body, including the hand

86

Dors

Root
Back

87

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

88

Dorsal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the back or any part of the body

89

Ventr

Root
Belly

90

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

91

Ventral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the belly or situated nearer to the surface of the belly

92

Ganglion

Greek Swelling
Fluid-containing swelling attached to the synovial sheath of a tendon

93

Latiss

Root
Wide

94

Imus

Suffix
Most

95

Dorsi

Root
Of the back

96

Latissimus Dorsi

Root + Suffix + Root
The widest (Broadest) muscle in the back

97

Stenosis

Greek Narrowing
Narrowing of a passage

98

Thenar

Root
Palm

99

Eminence

Latin Stand out

100

Thenar Eminence

Root
The fleshy mass at the base of the thumb

101

Hypo

Prefix
Below, smaller

102

Thenar

Root
Palm

103

Eminence

Latin Stand out

104

Hypothenar Eminence

Prefix + Root
The fleshy mass at the base of the little finger

105

Tri

Root
Three

106

Ceps

Root
Head

107

Brachi/i

Root + Combining Form
Of the arm

108

Triceps Brachii

Prefix + Root + Root + Combining Form
Muscle of the arm that has three heads or points of origin

109

Ab

Prefix
Away from

110

Duct

Root
Lead

111

Ion

Suffix
Process, action

112

Abduction

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Action of moving away from the midline

113

Ad

Prefix
Toward

114

Duct

Root
To lead

115

Or

Suffix
That which does

116

Adductor

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Muscle that moves the thigh toward the midline

117

Ad

Prefix
Toward

118

Duct

Root
To lead

119

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

120

Adduction

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Action of moving toward the midline

121

Calcan

Latin The heal

122

Calcan

Greek Warrior

123

Calcan

Root
Calcaneus

124

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

125

Calcaneal Tendon

Root + Suffix
A tendon formed from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles and inserted into the calcaneus

126

Gastrocnem

Root
Calf of leg

127

Ius

Suffix
Pertaining to

128

Gastrocnemius

Root + Suffix
Major muscle in back of the lower leg

129

Gluteus

Greek Buttocks
Refers tone of the three muscles in the buttocks

130

Glut

Root
Buttocks

131

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

132

Gluteal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the buttocks

133

Maximus

Latin The biggest or the greatest
The gluteus maximus muscle is the largest muscle in the body, covering a large part of each buttock

134

Medius

Latin Middle
The gluteus medius muscle is partly covered by the gluteus maximus

135

Minimus

Latin Smallest
The gluteus minimus is the smallest of the gluteal muscles and lies under the gluteus medius

136

Poplit/e

Root + Combining Form
Ham, back of the knee

137

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

138

Fossa

Latin Trench, ditch

139

Popliteal Fossa

Root + Suffix
The hollow at the back of the knee

140

Qudri

Prefix
Four

141

Ceps

Root
Head

142

Femor

Root
Femur

143

Is

Suffix
Belonging to, pertaining to

144

Quadriceps Femoris

Prefix + Root + Root + Suffix
An anterior thigh muscle with four heads (Origin)

145

Assist

Root
Aid, help

146

Ive

Suffix
Nature of

147

Device

Root
An appliance

148

Assistive Device

Root + Suffix + Root
Tool, software, or hardware to assist in performing daily activities

149

Occupation

Root
Work

150

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

151

Therapy

Root
Treatment

152

Occupational Therapy

Root + Suffix + Root
Use of work and recreational activities to increase independent function

153

Orthot

Root
Correct

154

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

155

Orthotic

Root + Suffix
Orthopedic appliance to correct an abnormality

156

Orthot

Root
Correct

157

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

158

Orthorist

Root + Suffix
Maker and fitter of orthopedic appliances

159

Physiatry

Greek Science of nature
Physical medicine

160

Phys

Root
Nature

161

Iatr

Root
Treatment

162

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

163

Physiatrist

Root + Root + Suffix
Specialist in physical medicine

164

Physic

Root
Body

165

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

166

Physical Medicine

Root + Suffix
Diagnosis and treatment by means of remedial agents, such as exercises, manipulation, heat, ect.

167

Physic

Root
Body

168

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

169

Therapy

Root
Treatment

170

Physical Therapy

Root + Suffix + Root
Use of remedial processes to overcome a physical defect

171

Physi/o

Root + Combining Form
Body

172

Therapy

Root
Treatment

173

Physiotherapy

Root + Combining Form + Root
Another term for physical therapy

174

Re

Prefix
Again

175

Habilitat

Root
Restore

176

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

177

Rehabilitation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Therapeutic restoration of an ability to function as before

178

Therapy

Greek Medical Treatment
Systemic treatment of a disease, dysfunction, or disorder

179

Therapeut

Root
Treatment

180

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

181

Therapeutic

Root + Suffix
Relating to the treatment of a disease or disorder

182

Therap

Root
Treatment

183

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

184

Therapist

Root + Suffix
Professional trained in the practice of a particular therapy

185

Contract

Root
Pull together

186

Ure

Suffix
Result of

187

Contracture

Root + Suffix
Muscle shortening due to spasm or fibrosis

188

Prevent

Root
Prevent

189

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

190

Prevention

Root + Suffix
Process to prevent occurrence of a disease or health problem

191

Prosthesis

Greek An addition
An artificial part to remedy a defect in the body

192

Restor

Root
Renew

193

Ative

Suffix
Quality of

194

Restorative

Root + Suffix
Therapy that promotes renewal of health and strength