Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (419):
1

All

Root
Other, strange

2

Erg

Root
Work

3

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

4

Allergist

Root + Root + Suffix
Specialist in hypersensitivity reaction

5

An

Prefix
With out

6

Emia

Root
A blood condition

7

Anemia

Prefix + Root
Decreases number of red blood cells

8

Emic

Root
Pertaining to a condition of the blood

9

Anemic

Prefix + Root
Pertaining to or suffering from anemia

10

Coll

Root
Glue

11

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

12

Collide

Root + Suffix
Liquid containing suspended particles

13

Hemat/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

14

Crit

Suffix
To separate

15

Hematocrit

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Percentage of red blood cells in the blood

16

Hemat/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

17

Logy

Suffix
Study of

18

Hematology

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Medical specialty of the blood and its disorders

19

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

20

Hematologist

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Specialist in hematology

21

Matrix

Latin Mater mother
Substance that surrounds and protects cells, is manufactured by the cells, and holds them together

22

Nutrient

Latin to nourish
Constituent of food necessary for the body to function normally

23

Nutrit

Root
Nourishment

24

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

25

Nutrition

Root + Suffix
The study of food and liquid requirements for normal function of the human body

26

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

27

Nutritionist

Root + Suffix + Suffix
A person who specializes in the study of food and liquid requirements for normal function of the human body

28

Plasma

Greek Something formed
Fluid, noncellular component of blood

29

Plate

Root
Flat

30

Let

Suffix
Little, small

31

Platelet

Root + Suffix
Small particle involved in the clotting process

32

Serum

Latin Whey
Fluid remaining after removal of blood cells and the formation of a clot

33

Vita

Root
Life

34

Amine

Suffix
Nitrogen containing substance

35

Vitamin

Root + Suffix
Essential organic substance necessary in small amounts for normal cell function

36

Ag

Prefix
To

37

Glutin

Root
Stick

38

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

39

Agglutinate

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Stick together to form clumps

40

A

Prefix
Without

41

Plas

Root
Formation

42

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

43

An

Prefix
Without

44

Emia

Root
A blood condition

45

Aplastic Anemia

Prefix + Root + Suffix+ Prefix + Root
Condition in which the bone marrow is unable to produce sufficient red cells, white cells and platelets

46

Erythr/o

Root + Combining form
Red

47

Cyte

Suffix
Cell

48

Erythrocyte

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Red blood cell

49

Heme

Greek Blood
The iron-based component of hemoglobin that carries oxygen

50

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

51

Globin

Root
Protein

52

Hemoglobin

Root + Combining form + Root
Red-pigmented protein that is the main component of red blood cells

53

Oxy

Root
Oxygen

54

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

55

Globin

Root
Protein

56

Oxyhemoglobin

Root + Root + Combining form + Root
Combination of hemoglobin and oxygen

57

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

58

Globin/o

Root + Combining form
Protein

59

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

60

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

61

Lysis

Suffix
Destruction

62

Hemolysis

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Destruction of red blood cells so that hemoglobin is liberated

63

Lyt

Root
Destroy

64

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

65

Hemolytic

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the destruction of red blood cells

66

Hypo

Prefix
Below, deficient

67

Ox

Root
Oxygen

68

Ia

Suffix
Condition

69

Hypoxia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Below- normal levels of oxygen in tissues, gases or blood

70

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

71

Hypoxic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Deficient in oxygen

72

Pallor

Latin Paleness
Paleness of the skin

73

Per

Prefix
Through

74

Nici

Root
Lethal

75

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

76

An

Prefix
Without

77

Emia

Root
A blood condition

78

Pernicious Anemia

Prefix + Root + Suffix + Prefix + Root
Chronic anemia due to lack of vitamin B12

79

Trait

Latin an extension
A discrete characteristic that has a known quality

80

A

Prefix
Without

81

Granul/o

Root + Combining form
Granule

82

Cyte

Root
Cell

83

Agranulocyte

Prefix + Root + Combining form + Root
A white blood cell without any granules in its cytoplasm

84

Bas/o

Root + Combining form
Base

85

Phil

Suffix
Attraction

86

Basophil

Root + Combining form + Suffix
A basophil's granules attract a basic blue stain in the laboratory

87

Eosin/o

Root + Combining form
Dawn

88

Phil

Suffix
Attraction

89

Eosinophil

Root + Combining form + Suffix
A eosinophil's granules attract rosy-red color on staining

90

Granul/o

Root + Combining form
Small grain

91

Cyte

Root
Cell

92

Granulocyte

Root + Combining form + Root
A white blood cell that contains multiple small granules in its cytoplasm

93

Leuk

Root
White

94

Emia

Suffix
A blood condition

95

Leukemia

Root + Suffix
Disease when the blood is taken over by white blood cells and their precursors

96

Emic

Suffix
Pertaining to a blood condition

97

Leukemic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or affected by leukemia

98

Leuk/o

Root + Combining form
White

99

Cyte

Root
Cell

100

Leukocyte

Root + Combining form + Root
Another term for a white blood cell

101

Osis

Suffix
Condition

102

Leukocytosis

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
An excessive number if white blood cells

103

Penia

Suffix
Deficiency

104

Leukopenia

Root + Combining form + Suffix
A deficient number of white blood cells

105

Lymph/o

Root + Combining form
Lymph

106

Cyte

Root
Cell

107

Lymphocyte

Root + Combining form + Root
Small white blood cell with a large nucleus

108

Mono

Prefix
Single

109

Cyte

Root
Cell

110

Monocyte

Prefix + Root
Large white blood cell with a single nucleus

111

Mono

Prefix
Single

112

Nucle

Root
Nucleus

113

Osis

Suffix
Condition

114

Mononucleosis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Presence of large numbers of specific, diagnostic mononuclear leukocytes

115

Neutr/o

Root + Combining form
Neutral

116

Phil

Suffix
Attraction

117

Neutrophil

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Neutrophils' granules take up purple stain equally, whether stain is acid or alkaline

118

Penia

Suffix
Deficiency

119

Neutropenia

Root + Combining form + Suffix
A deficiency of neutrophils

120

Philia

Suffix
Attraction

121

Pan

Prefix
All

122

Cyt/o

Root + Combining form
Cell

123

Penia

Suffix
Deficiency

124

Pancytopenia

Prefix + Root + Combining form + Suffix
Deficiency of all types of blood cells

125

Poly

Prefix
Many

126

Morph/o

Root + Combining form
Shape

127

Nucle

Root
Nucleus

128

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

129

Polymorphonuclear

Prefix + Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
White blood cell with a multilobed nucleus

130

Coagul

Root
Clot, clump

131

Ant

Suffix
Forming, pertaining to

132

Coagulant

Root + Suffix
Substance that causes clotting

133

Ation

Suffix
Process

134

Coagulation

Root + Suffix
Process of blood clotting

135

Anti

Prefix
Against

136

Anticoagulant

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Substance that prevents clotting

137

Embolus

Greek Plug, stopper
Detached piece of thrombus, a mass of bacteria, quantity of air, or foreign body that blocks a blood vessel

138

Fibrin

Latin Fiber
Stringy protein fiber that is a component of a blood clot

139

Fibr/o

Root + Combining form
Fiber

140

Blast

Suffix
Immature cell

141

Fibroblast

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Cell that forms collagen fibers

142

Hemat

Root
Blood

143

Oma

Suffix
Mass, tumor

144

Hematoma

Root + Suffix
Collection of blood that has escaped from vessels into surrounding tissues

145

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

146

Philia

Suffix
Attraction

147

Hemophilia

Root + Combining form + Suffix
An inherited disease from a deficiency of clotting factor VIII

148

Hem/o

Root + Combining form
Blood

149

Stasis

Suffix
Control, stop

150

Hemostasis

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Control of or stopping bleeding

151

Petechia

Latin Spot on the skin
Pinpoint capillary hemorrhagic spot in the skin

152

Pro

Prefix
Before

153

Thromb

Root
Blood clot

154

In

Suffix
Substance

155

Purpura

Greek Purple
Skin hemorrhages that are red initially and then turn purple

156

Thromb/o

Root + Combining form
Blood clot

157

Cyte

Root
Cell

158

Thrombocyte

Root + Combining form + Root
Another name for a platelet

159

Thromb/o

Root + Combining form
Blood clot

160

Cyt/o

Root + Combining form
Cell

161

Penia

Suffix
Deficiency

162

Thrombocytopenia

Root + Combining form + Root + Combining form + Suffix
Deficiency of platelets in circulating blood

163

Von Willebrand

Finnish Physician

164

Ag

Prefix
To

165

Glutin

Root
Glue

166

Ation

Suffix
Process

167

Agglutination

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Process by which cells or other particles adhere to each other to form clumps

168

Anti

Prefix
Against

169

Body

Root
Substance, body

170

Antibody

Prefix + Root
Protein produced in response to an antigen

171

Anti

Prefix
Against

172

Gen

Root
Produce, create

173

Antigen

Prefix + Root
Substance capable of triggering an immune response

174

Auto

Prefix
Self, same

175

Logous

Root
Relation

176

Autologous

Prefix + Root
Blood transfusion with the same person as donor and recipient- self transfusion

177

In

Prefix
In

178

Fusion

Root
To pour

179

Infusion

Prefix + Root
Introduction intravenously of a substance other than blood

180

Trans

Prefix
Across

181

Fusion

Root
To pour

182

Transfusion

Prefix + Root
Transfer of blood or a blood component from donor to recipient

183

Erythr/o

Root + Combining form
Red

184

Blast

Root
Immature cell

185

Osis

Suffix
Condition

186

Fetal

Root
Fetus

187

Is

Suffix
Belonging to

188

Erythroblastosis Fetalis

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Erythroblastosis fetalis is a hemolytic disease of the newborn

189

In

Prefix
Not

190

Compat

Root
Tolerate

191

Ible

Suffix
Can do

192

Incompatible

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Substances that interfere with each other physiologically

193

Fetus

Latin Offspring
Human organism from the end of the eighth week after conception to birth

194

Fet

Root
Fetus

195

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

196

Fetal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the fetus

197

Matern

Root
Mother

198

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

199

Maternal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or derived from the mother

200

Mis

Prefix
Not, correct

201

Carriage

Old English to carry

202

Miscarriage

Prefix
Spontaneous expulsion of the products of pregnancy before fetal viability

203

Placenta

Latin A cake
Organ that allows metabolic exchange between the mother and the fetus

204

Spher/o

Root + Combining form
Sphere

205

Cyte

Root
Cell

206

Spherocyte

Root + Combining form + Root
A spherical cell

207

Osis

Suffix
Condition

208

Spherocytosis

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Presence of spherocytes in blood

209

All

Root
Other, strange

210

Erg

Root
Work

211

Gen

Suffix
Create

212

Allergen

Root + Root + Suffix
Substance creating a hypersensitivity reaction

213

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

214

Allergic

Root + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from an allergy

215

Ergy

Suffix
Process of working

216

Allergy

Root + Suffix
Hypersensitivity to a particular allergen

217

Lymph

Latin clear, spring water
A clear fluid collected from tissues and transported by lymph vessels to the venous circulation

218

Lymph

Root
Lymph

219

Atic

Suffix
Pertaining to

220

Lymphatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to lymph or the lymphatic system

221

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

222

Lymphoid

Root + Suffix
Resembling lymphatic tissue

223

Node

Latin A knot
A circumscribed mass of tissue

224

Path/o

Root + Combining form
Disease

225

Gen

Suffix
Produce, create, form

226

Pathogen

Root + Combining form + Suffix
A disease-causing microorganism

227

Pollut

Root
Unclean

228

Ant

Suffix
Pertaining to

229

Polluant

Root + Suffix
Substance that makes an environment unclean and impure

230

Spleen

Greek Spleen
Vascular, lymphatic organ in left upper quadrant of abdomen

231

Thymus

Greek Sweetbread
Endocrine gland located in the mediastinum

232

Tonsil

Latin Tonsil
Mass of lymphoid tissue on either side of the throat at the back of the tongue

233

Effer

Root
Move away from the center

234

Ent

Suffix
End result, pertaining to

235

Efferent

Root + Suffix
Moving away from a center

236

Affer

Root
Move toward the center

237

Afferent

Root + Suffix
Moving toward a center

238

Immune

Latin Protected from
Protected from an infectious disease

239

Immun

Root
Immune

240

Ity

Suffix
Condition

241

Immunity

Root + Suffix
State of being protected

242

Immun/o

Root + Combining form
Immune

243

Logy

Suffix
Study of

244

Immunology

Root + Combining form + Suffix
The science and practice of immunity and allergy

245

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

246

Immunologist

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Medical specialist in immunology

247

Ize

Suffix
Affect in a specific way

248

Immunize

Root + Suffix
Make resistant to an infectious disease

249

Immunization

Root + Suffix
Administration of an agent to provide immunity

250

Interstiti

Root
Space between tissues

251

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

252

Interstitial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to spaces between cells in a tissue or organ

253

Aden

Root
Gland

254

Oid

Suffix
Resemble

255

Adenoid

Root + Suffix
Single mass of lymphoid tissue in the midline at the back of the throat

256

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

257

Adenoidectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the adenoid tissue

258

Bacterium

Greek A staff
A unicellular, simple, microscopic organism

259

Follicle

Latin a small sac
Spherical mass of cells containing a cavity; or a small cul-de-sac, such as a hair follicle

260

Immun/o

Root + Combining form
Immune

261

Globul

Root
Globular, protein

262

In

Suffix
Chemical compound, substance

263

Immunoglobulin

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Specific protein evoked by an antigen. All antibodies are immunoglobulins

264

Spleen

Greek Spleen
Vascular, lymphatic organ in the left upper quadrant of abdomen

265

Splen

Root
Spleen

266

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

267

Splenectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the spleen

268

Splen/o

Root + Combining form
Spleen

269

Megaly

Suffix
Enlargement

270

Splenomegaly

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Enlarged spleen

271

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

272

Splen

Root
Spleen

273

Ism

Suffix
Condition

274

Hypersplenism

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Condition in which the spleen removes blood components at an excessive rate

275

Inguin

Root
Groin

276

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

277

Inguinal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the groin

278

Lymphaden

Root
Lymph node

279

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

280

Lymphadenectomoy

Root + Suffix
Surgical excision of a lymph node

281

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

282

Lymphadenitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of a lymph

283

Lymphaden/o

Root + Combining form
Lymph node

284

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

285

Lymphadenopathy

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Any disease process affecting a lymph node

286

Lymphangi/o

Root + Combining form
Lymphatic vessels

287

Gram

Suffix
Recording

288

Lymphangiogram

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Radiographic images of lymph vessels and nodes following injection of contrast material

289

Lymph

Root
Lymph

290

Edema

Root
Edema

291

Lymphedema

Root + Root
Tissue swelling due to lymphatic obstruction

292

Lymph

Root
Lymphatic system, lymph

293

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

294

Hodgkin

British Physician
Hodgkin lymphoma is marked by chronic enlargement of lymph nodes spreading to other nodes in an orderly way

295

Neo

Prefix
New

296

Plasm

Root
To form

297

Neoplasm

Prefix + Root
A new growth, either a benign or malignant tumor

298

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

299

Neoplastic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to neoplasm

300

Ia

Suffix
Condition

301

Neoplasia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Process that results in formation of a tumor

302

Ante

Prefix
In front of, before

303

Cubit

Root
Elbow

304

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

305

Antecubital

Prefix + Root + Suffix
In front of the elbow

306

Auto

Prefix
Self, same

307

Immune

Root
Protected

308

Autoimmune

Prefix + Root
Immune reaction directed against a person's own tissue

309

Dis

Prefix
Away from

310

Crimin

Root
Distinguish

311

Ation

Suffix
Process

312

Discrimination

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Ability to distinguish between different things

313

Mutation

Latin to change
Change in the chemistry of a gene

314

Specif

Root
Species

315

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

316

Specific

Root + Suffix
Relating to a particular entity

317

Ity

Suffix
Condition, state

318

Specificity

Root + Suffix
State of having a specific, fixed relation to a particular entity

319

Toxin

Greek Poison
Poisonous substance formed by a cell or organism

320

Toxic

Root
Poison

321

Ity

Suffix
State, condition

322

Toxicity

Root + Suffix
The state of being poisonous

323

Attenu

Root
Weaken

324

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

325

Ated

Suffix
Pertaining to a condition

326

Attenuated

Root + Suffix
Weakened

327

Complement

Latin that which completes
Group of proteins in serum that finish off the work of antibodies to destroy bacteria and other cells

328

Humor

Root
Fluid

329

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

330

Immun

Root
Immune

331

Ity

Suffix
Condition

332

Humeral Immunity

Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Defense mechanism arising from antibodies in the blood

333

Vaccin

Root
Vaccine, giving a vaccine

334

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to, composed of

335

Vaccinate

Root + Suffix
To administer a vaccine

336

Ation

Suffix
Process

337

Vaccination

Root + Suffix
Administration of a vaccine

338

Vaccine

Latin, related to a cow
Preparation to generate active immunity

339

All/o

Prefix
Other, strange

340

Immune

Root
Immunity

341

Alloimmune

Prefix + Root
Immune reaction directed against foreign tissue

342

Ana

Prefix
Excessive

343

Phylaxis

Root
Protection

344

Anaphylaxis

Prefix + Root
Immediate severe allergic response

345

Phylac

Root
Protect

346

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

347

Anaphylactic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to anaphulaxis

348

Asthma

Greek Asthma
Episodes of breathing difficulty due to narrowed or obstructed airways

349

Asthm

Root
Asthma

350

Atic

Suffix
Pertaining to

351

Asthmatic

Root + Suffix
Suffering from or pertaining to asthma

352

Dorm

Root
Sleep

353

Ant

Suffix
Forming

354

Dormant

Root + Suffix
Inactive

355

Hist

Root
Derived from histidine

356

Amine

Root
Nitrogen containing substance

357

Anti

Prefix
Against

358

Antihistamine

Prefix + Root + Root
Drug used to treat allergic symptoms because of its action antagonistic to histamine

359

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

360

Sensitiv

Root
Feeling

361

Ity

Suffix
Condition

362

Hypersensitivity

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Exaggerated abnormal reaction to an allergen

363

Immun/o

Root + Combining form
Immune response

364

Defici

Root
Failure, lacking

365

Immunodeficiency

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Failure of the immune system

366

Supress

Root
Press under

367

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

368

Immunosupression

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Failure of the immune system caused by an outside agent

369

Incub

Root
Lie on, hatch

370

Ation

Suffix
Process

371

Incubation

Root + Suffix
Process to develop an infection

372

Opportun

Root
Take advantage of

373

Istic

Suffix
Pertaining to

374

Opportunistic

Root + Suffix
An organism or a disease in a host with lowered resistance

375

Retro

Prefix
Backward

376

Rerovirus

Prefix + Root
Virus with an RNA core

377

Urticaria

Latin nettle
Rash of itchy wheals

378

Con

Prefix
With, together

379

Tag

Root
Touch

380

Ious

Suffix
Pertaining to

381

Contagious

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Infection can be transmitted from person to person or from a person to a surface to a person

382

En

Prefix
In

383

Dem

Root
The people

384

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

385

Endemic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a disease always present in a community

386

Epi

Prefix
Above

387

Epidemic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to an outbreak in a community of a disease or a health-related behavior

388

Pan

Prefix
All

389

Pandemic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a disease attacking the population of a very large area

390

Flora

Latin Flower
Microorganism covering the exterior and interior surfaces of a healthy animal

391

Infect

Latin invade internally
To invade an organism by a microorganism

392

Infect

Root
Internal invasion

393

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

394

Infection

Root + Suffix
Invasion of the body by disease-producing microorganisms

395

Ious

Suffix
Pertaining to

396

Infectious

Root + Suffix
Capable of being transmitted to a person; or a disease caused by the action of a microorganism

397

Micro

Prefix
Small

398

Be

Root
Life

399

Microbe

Prefix + Root
Short for microorganism

400

Organ

Root
Organ, instrument

401

Ism

Suffix
Process

402

Microorganism

Prefix + Root + Root + Suffix
Any organism too small to be seen by the naked eye

403

Micro

Prefix
Small

404

Scope

Root
Instrument for viewing

405

Microscope

Prefix + Root
Instrument for viewing something small that cannot be seen in detail by the naked eye

406

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

407

Microscopic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Visible only with the aid of a microscope

408

Scopy

Root
To examine, to view

409

Microscopy

Prefix + Root
Investigation of minute objects through a microscope

410

Nos/o

Root + Combining form
Disease

411

Com

Root
Take care of

412

Ial

Suffix
Pertaining to

413

Nosocomial

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Acquired while in the hospital

414

neutrophilia

an increase in neutrophils

415

prothrombin

protein formed by the liver and converted to thrombin in the blood-clotting mechanism

416

ization

Suffix
Process of inserting or creating

417

Attenuate

weaken the ability of an organism to produce disease

418

Histamine

compound liberated in tissues as a result of injury or immune response

419

Kaposi Sarcoma

a skin cancer often seen in AIDS patients