Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (391):
1

Cartilage

Latin gristle
Nonvascular, firm connective tissue found mostly in joints

2

Chir/o

Root + combining form
hand

3

pract

Root
efficient, practical

4

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

5

Chirtopractic

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system

6

Or

Suffix
a doer

7

Chiropractor

Root + Combining form + Root + Suffix
Practitioner of chiropractic

8

De

Prefix
from, out of

9

Toxi

Root
poison

10

Fication

Suffix
remove

11

Detoxification

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Removing poison from a tissue or substance

12

Ligament

Latin band, sheet
Brand of fibrous tissue connecting two structures

13

muscle

Latin Muscle
A tissue consisting of cells that can contract

14

Muscul/o

Root
Muscle

15

Skelet

Root + Combining Form
Skeleton

16

Al

Suffix
pertaining to

17

Musculoskeletal

Root + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the muscles and the bony skeleton

18

Orth/o

Root + Combining Forn
Straight

19

ped

Root
Child

20

ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

21

Orthopedic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the correction and cure of deformities and diseases of the musculoskeletal system; originally most of the deformities treated were in children

22

Ist

Suffix
specialist

23

Orthopedist

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Specialist in orthopedics

24

Oste/o

Root + Combining Form
bone

25

Path

Root
disease

26

Osteopath

Root + Combining form + Root
Practitioner of osteopathy

27

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

28

Osteopathy

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Medical practice based on maintaining the balance of the body

29

Tendon

Latin Sinew
Fibrous band that connects muscle to bone

30

Cortex

Latin Bark
Outer portion of an organ, such as bone

31

Cortic

Root
Cortex

32

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

33

Cortical

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a cortex

34

Diaphysis

Greek growing between
The shaft of a long bone

35

Epi

Prefix
Upon, above

36

physis

Root
Growth

37

Epipysis

Prefix + Root
Expanded area at the proximal and distal ends of a long bone to provide increased surface area for attachment of ligaments and tendons

38

Ial

Suffix
Pertaining to

39

Epiphysial

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to an epiphysis

40

Haversian Canals

Clopton Havers, English physician 1655-1702
Vascular canals in bone

41

Marrow

Old English Marrow
Fatty, blood-forming tissue in the cavities of long bones

42

Medulla

Latin Marrow
Central portion of a structure surrounded by the cortex

43

Medulla

Root
Medulla

44

Ary

Suffix
pertaining to

45

Medullary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a medulla

46

Peri

Prefix
Around

47

Oste

Root
Bone

48

Um

Suffix
Structure

49

Periosteum

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Strong membrane surrounding a bone

50

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

51

Periosteal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the periosteum

52

A

Prefix
Without

53

Chondr/o

Root + Combining form
Cartilage

54

Plasia

Suffix
Formation

55

Achondroplasia

Prefix + Root + Combining form + Suffix
Condition with abnormal, early conversion of cartilage into bone, leading to dwarfism

56

Oste/o

Root + Combining form
bone

57

Genesis

Suffix
Creation, formation

58

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Root + Combining form + Suffix
imperfecta- Latin for unfinished
Inherited condition when bone formation is incomplete, leading to fragile, easily broken bones

59

Oste/o

Root + Combining form
Bone

60

Malacia

Suffix
abnormal softness

61

Osteomalacia

Root + Combining form + Suffix
Soft, Flexible bones lacking in calcium

62

Oste/o

Root + Combining Form
Bone

63

Myel

Root
Bone Marrow

64

Itis

Suffix
inflammation

65

Osteomyelitis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of bone tissue

66

Oste/o

Root + Combining Form
Bone

67

Penia

Suffix
Deficient

68

Osteopenia

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Decreased calcification of bone

69

Oste/o

Root + Combining Form
Bone

70

Por/o

Root + Combining Form
Opening

71

Sis

Suffix
Condition

72

Osteoporosis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Condition in which the bones become more porous, brittle and fragile and more likely to fracture

73

Rickets

Old English to twist
Disease due to vitamin D deficiency, producing soft, flexible bones

74

Sarc

Root
Flesh

75

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

76

Sarcoma

Root + Suffix
Malignant tumor originating in connective tissue

77

Oste/o

Root + Combining Form
bone

78

Gen

Root
Creation

79

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

80

Osteogenic Sarcoma

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Malignant tumor originating in bone producing cells

81

A

Prefix
Variant of ad into

82

Lign

Root
Line

83

Ment

Suffix
Resulting State

84

Alignment

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Having a structure in its correct position relative others

85

Comminut

Root
Break into pieces

86

Ed

Suffix
Pertaining to

87

Comminuted

Root + Suffix
A fracture in which the bone is broken into pieces

88

Mal

Prefix
Bad, difficult

89

Un

Root
one

90

Ion

Suffix
Condition, action

91

Malunion

When the two bony ends of the fracture fail to heal together correctly

92

Non

Prefix
Not

93

Nonunion

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Total failure of healing of a fracture

94

Oste/o

Root + Combining Form
Bone

95

Blast

Suffix
immature Cell

96

Osteoblast

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A bone forming cell

97

Cyte

Suffix
Cell

98

Osteocyte

Root + Combining Form
A bone maintaining cell

99

Path/o

Root + Combining Form
disease

100

log

Root
to study

101

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

102

Fract

Root
To break

103

Ure

Suffix
Result of

104

Pathologic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Fracture occurring at a site already weakened by a disease process, such as cancer

105

Re

Prefix
Backward

106

Duct

Root
Lead

107

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

108

Reduction

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Restore a structure to its normal position

109

Traction

Latin to pull
Pulling or dragging force

110

Cervic

Root
Neck

111

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

112

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck region

113

Coccyx

Greek Coccyx
Small tailbone at the lowest end of the vertebral column

114

Kyph

Root
bent, hump back

115

Osis

Suffix
Condition

116

Kyphosis

A normal posterior curve of the spine that can be exaggerated in disease

117

Kyph/o

Root + Combining Form
Bent, hump back

118

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

119

Kyphotic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from kyphosis

120

Lumbar

Lati Loin
The region of the back and sides between the ribs and pelvis

121

Sacrum

Latin Scared
Segment of the vertebral column that forms part of the pelvis

122

Sacr

Root
Sacrum

123

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

124

Sacral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or in the neighborhood of the sacrum

125

Scoli

Root
crooked

126

Osis

Suffix
Condition

127

Scoliosis

Root + Suffix
An abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column

128

Scoli/o

Root + Combining Form
Crooked

129

Tic

Suffix
pertaining to

130

Scoliotic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from scoliosis

131

Spine

Latin Spine Vertebral column or a short projection from a bone

132

Spin

Root
Spine

133

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

134

Spinal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the spine

135

Vertebra

Latin Spinal joint
One of the bones of the spinal column

136

Vertebr

Root
Vertebra

137

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

138

Vertebral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a vertebra

139

Whip

Root
To swing

140

Lash

Root
end of whip

141

Whiplash

Root + Root
Symptoms caused by sudden, uncontrolled extension and flexion of the neck, often in an automobile accident.

142

Cranium

Greek Skull
The upper part of the skull that encloses and protects the brain

143

Crani

Root
Skull

144

Al

Suffix
pertaining to

145

Cranial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the skull

146

Ethm

Sieve

147

Oid

Suffix
resembling

148

Ethmoid

Root + Suffix
Bone that forms the back of the nose and encloses numerous air cells

149

Lacrim

Root
Tears

150

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

151

Mandible

Latin Jaw
Lower Jaw Bone

152

Mandibul

Root
Mandible

153

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

154

Mandibular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the mandibular

155

Maxilla

Latin Jaw Bone
Upper jawbone, containing right and left maxillary sinuses

156

Maxilla

Root
Maxilla

157

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

158

Maxillary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the maxilla

159

Occipit

Root
Back of the head

160

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

161

Occipital

Root + Suffix
The back of the skull

162

Palat

Root
Palat

163

Ine

Suffix
Pertaining to

164

Palatine

Root + Suffix
Bones that forms the hard palate and parts of the nose and orbits

165

Pariet

Root
Wall

166

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

167

Parietal

Root + Suffix
Two bones forming the sidewalls and roof of the cranium

168

Sphen

Root
Wedge

169

Oid

Suffix
Resemble

170

Sphenoid

Root + Suffix
Wedge shaped bone at the base of the skull

171

Tempor

Root
Time

172

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

173

Temporal

Root + Suffix
Bone that forms part of the base and sides of the skull

174

Tempor/o

Root + Combining Form
Temple

175

Mandibul

Root
Mandible

176

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

177

Temporomandibular

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
The joint between the temporal bone and the mandible

178

Zygome

French Yoke
Bone that forms the prominence of the cheek

179

Zygomat

Root
Cheekbone

180

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

181

Zygomatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the cheekbone

182

Acromion

Greek tip of the shoulder
Lateral end of the scapula, extending over the shoulder joint

183

Acromi/o

Root + Combining Form
Acromion

184

Clavicul

Root
Clavicle

185

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

186

Acromioclavicular

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
The joint between the acromion and the clavicle

187

Articul

Root
Joint

188

Ate

Suffix
Composed of

189

Articulate

Root + Suffix
Two separate bones have formed a joint

190

Ation

Suffix
Process

191

Articulation

Root + Suffix
A Joint

192

Clavicle

Latin collarbone
Curved bone that forms the anterior part of the pectoral girdle

193

Clavicul

Root
Clavicle

194

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

195

Clavicular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the clavicle

196

Dis

Prefix
Apart, Away from

197

Locat

Root
Place

198

Ion

Suffix
action, condition

199

Dislocation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Completely out of joint

200

Humerus

Latin shoulder
Single bone of the upper arm

201

Pector

Root
Chest

202

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

203

Pectoral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to chest

204

Pectoral Girdle

Girdle Old English encircle
Incomplete bony ring that attaches the upper limb to the axial skeleton

205

Scapula

Latin Shoulder blade

206

Scapul

Root
Scapula

207

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

208

Scapular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the shoulder blade

209

Sub

Prefix
Under, below, slightly

210

Luxat

Root
Dislocate

211

Ion

Suffix
Action, Condition

212

Subluxation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
An incomplete dislocation when some contact between the joint surfaces remains

213

Capit/u

Root + Combining Form
Small head

214

Lum

Suffix
Small structure

215

Capitulum

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A small head or rounded extremity of a bone

216

Pronat

Root
Bend down

217

Ion

Suffix
Action, Condition

218

Pronation

Root + Suffix
Process of lying face down or of turning a hand or foot with the volar surface down

219

Prone

Latin lying down
Lying face down, flat on your belly

220

Radius

Latin Spoke of a wheel
The forearm bone on the thumb side

221

Radi

Root
Radius

222

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

223

Radial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the radius or to any of the structures named after it

224

Supinat

Root
Bend backward

225

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

226

Supination

Root + Suffix
Process of lying face upward or of turning a hand or foot so that the palm or sole is facing up

227

Supine

Latin Bend backward
Lying face up, flat on your spine

228

Trochlea

Latin Pulley
Smooth articular surface of bone on which another glides

229

Trochle

Root
Pulley

230

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

231

Trochlear

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a trochlea

232

Ulna

Latin Elbow, arm
The medial and larger bone of the forearm

233

Uln

Root
Ulna

234

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

235

Ulnar

Pertaining to the ulna or to any of the structures names after it

236

Arthr

Root
Joint

237

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

238

Arthritis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of a joint or joints

239

Carpus

Greek Wrist
The eight carpal bones of the wrist

240

Meta

Prefix
After, subsequent to

241

Carp

Root
Wrist bones

242

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

243

Metacarpal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The five bones between the carpus and the fingers

244

Colles Fracture

Abraham Colles, Irish surgeon, 1773- 1843
Fracture of the distal radius at the wrist

245

Eponym

Greek Eponymos, meaning eponymus
A procedure or a diagnosis with a name derived from the name of the person who discovered it or originated it

246

Heberden Node

William Heberden, English physician 1710-1801
Bony lump on the terminal phalanx of the fingers in osteoarthritis

247

Meta

Prefix
After, subsequent to

248

Carp/o

Root + Combining Form
bones of the wrist

249

Phalang/e

Root + Combining Form
Phalanx, finger or toe

250

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

251

Metacarpophalanngeal

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The joints between the metacarpal bones and the phalanges

252

Oste/o

Root + Combining Form
Bone

253

Arthr

Root
Joint

254

Itis

Suffix
Pertaining to

255

Osteoarthritits

Chronic inflammatory disease of joints

256

Phalanx

Latin bone or finger or toe
One of the bones of the digits

257

Rheumat

Root
A flow

258

Ism

Suffix
Condition

259

Rheumatism

Root + Suffix
Pain in various parts of the musculoskeletal system

260

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

261

Rheumatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or characterized by rheumatism

262

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

263

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Systemic diseases affecting many joints

264

Acetabulum

Latin Vinegar cup
The cup-shaped cavity of the hip bone that receives the head of the femur to form the hip joint

265

Femur

Latin Thigh
The thigh bone

266

Femor

Root
Femur

267

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

268

Femoral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the femur

269

Ilium

Latin Groin
Large wing-shaped bone at the upper and posterior part of the pelvis

270

Ischium

Greek Hip
Lower and Posterior part of the hip bone

271

Ischi

Root
Ischium, hip bone

272

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

273

Ischial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the ischium

274

Pelvis

Latin Basin
Basin-shaped ring of bones, ligaments and muscles at the base of the spine. Also and basin-shaped cavity, like the pelvis of the kidney

275

Pelv

Root
Pelvis

276

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

277

Pelvic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the pelvis

278

Pubis

Latin Pubis
Alternative name for the pubic bone

279

Sacr/o

Root + Combining Form
Sacrum

280

Ili

Root
Ilium

281

Ac

Suffix
Pertaining to

282

Sacroiliac

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
The joint between the sacrum and the ilium

283

Symphysis

Greek Grow together
Two bones joined by fibrocartilage in this case the two pubic bones

284

Arthr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

285

Desis

Suffix
To fuse together

286

Arthrodesis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Fixation or stiffening of a joint by surgery

287

Brace

Old English To fasten
Appliance to support a part of the body in its correct position

288

Diastasis

Greek Separation
Separation fo normally joined parts

289

Radi/o

Root + Combining Form
Radiation, X-rays

290

Logy

Suffix
Study of

291

Radiology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The study of medical imaging

292

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

293

Radiologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialist in the use of X-rays and other imaging techniques

294

Athr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

295

Desis

Suffix
To fuse together

296

Athrodesis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Fixation or stiffening of a joint by surgery

297

Athr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

298

Plasty

Suffix
Reshaping by surgery

299

Athroplasty

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Surgery to repair, as far as possible, the function of a joint

300

A

Prefix
Without

301

Vascul

Root
Blood vessel

302

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

303

Avascular

Prefix + Root + Suffix
WIthout a blood supply

304

Labrum

Latin Lip-shaped
Cartilage that forms a rim around the socket of the hip joint

305

Necrosis

Greek Death
Pathologic death of cells or tissue

306

Necr/o

Root + Combining Form
Death

307

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

308

Necrotic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to or affected by necrosis

309

Prosthesis

Greek Addition
An artificial part to remedy a defect in the body

310

Prosthetic

Pertaining to a prosthesis

311

Co

Prefix
Together

312

Later

Root
Side

313

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

314

Colateral

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Situated at the side, often to bypass an obstruction

315

Cruciate

Latin Cross
Shaped like a cross. In this case the two internal ligaments of the knee joint cross over each other to form an X

316

Fibula

Latin Clasp or buckle
The smaller of the two bones of the lower leg

317

Fibul

Root
Fibula

318

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

319

Fibular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the fibula

320

Meniscus

Greek Crescent
Disc of cartilage between the bones of a joint, in this case the knee joint

321

Patella

Latin Small plate
Thin, circular bone in front of the knee joint, embedded in the patellar tendon

322

Patell

Root
Patella

323

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

324

Patellar

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the patella bone or the tendon

325

Tibia

Latin Large shinbone
The larger bone of the lower leg

326

Tibi

Root
Tibia

327

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

328

Tibial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the tibia

329

Athr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

330

Centesis

Suffix
Puncture

331

Athrocentesis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Aspiration of fluid from a joint

332

Arthr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

333

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

334

Arthrography

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
X-ray of a joint taken after the injection of a contrast medium into the joint

335

Arthr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

336

Scopy

Suffix
The process of using an instrument to examine visually

337

Arthroscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Visual examination of the interior of a joint

338

Arthr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

339

Scope

Suffix
Instrument to examine visually

340

Arthroscope

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Endoscope used to examine the interior of a joint

341

Bursa

Latin Purse
A closed sac containing synovial fluid

342

Burs

Root
Bursa

343

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

344

Bursitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of a bursa

345

De

Prefix
Removal, out of

346

Bride

Root
Rubble, rubbish

347

Ment

Suffix
Action

348

Debridement

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The removal of injured or necrotic tissue

349

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

350

Flex

Root
Bend

351

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

352

Hyperflexion

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Flexion of a limb or part beyond the normal limits

353

Menisc

Root
Crescent, meniscus

354

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

355

Meniscectomy

Root + Suffix
Excision (cutting out) of all or part of a meniscus

356

Pre

Prefix
Before, in front of

357

Patell

Root
Patella

358

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

359

Prepatellar

Prefix + Root + Suffix
In front of the patella

360

Rupture

Latin Break, fracture
Break or tear of any organ or body part

361

Tendin

Root
Tendon

362

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

363

Tendinitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of a tendon

364

Bunion

French Bump
A swelling at the base of the big toe

365

Calcaneus

Latin The heel
Bone of the tarsus that forms the heel

366

Calcan

Root
Calcaneus

367

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

368

Calcaneal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the calcaneus

369

Hallux

Root
Big toe

370

Valgus

Root
Turn out

371

Hallux Valgus

Root + Root
Deviation of the big toe toward the medial side of the foot

372

Meta

Prefix
After, subsequent to

373

Tars

Root
Ankle

374

Us

Suffix
Pertaining to

375

Metatarsus

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The five parallel bones of the foot between the tarsus and the phalanges

376

Meta

Prefix
After, subsequent to

377

Tars

Root
Ankle

378

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

379

Metatarsal

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the metatarsus

380

Pod

Root
Foot

381

Iatry

Suffix
Treatment

382

Podiatry

Root + Suffix
The diagnosis and treatment of disorders and injuries of the foot

383

Pod

Root
Foot

384

Iatrist

Suffix
Practitioner

385

Podiatrist

Root + Suffix
Practitioner of podiatry

386

Pott Fracture

Fracture of the lower end of the fibula, often with fracture of the tibial malleolus

387

Talus

Latin Heel bone
The tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia to form the ankle joint

388

Tarsus

Latin Ankle
The collection of seven bones in the foot that form the ankle and instep

389

Tars

Root
Ankle

390

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

391

Tarsal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the tarsus