Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (208):
1

Bulb/o

Root + Combining Form
Bulb

2

Urethr

Root
Urethra

3

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

4

Bulbourethral

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the bulbous penis and urethra

5

Ductus Deferens

Ductus Latin To lead
Deferens Latin Carry away
Vas Latin Vessel, canal
Tube that receives sperm from the epididymis

6

Epi

Prefix
Above

7

Dydmis

Root
Testis

8

Epididymis

Prefix + Root
Coiled tube attached to testis

9

Genit

Root
Primary male or female sex organs

10

Ia

Suffix
Condition

11

Genitia

Root + Suffix
External and internal organs of reproduction

12

Genit

Root
Primary male or female sex organs

13

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

14

Genital

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to reproduction or to the male or female sex organs

15

Gonad

Greek Seed
Testis or ovary

16

Penis

Latin Tail
Conveys urine and semen to the outside

17

Pen

Root
Penis

18

Ile

Suffix
Pertaining to

19

Penile

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the penis

20

Perineum

Greek Perineum
Area between the thighs, extending from the coccyx to the pubis

21

Perine

Root
Perineum

22

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

23

Perineal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the perineum

24

Scrotum

Latin Scrotum
Sac containing the testes

25

Scrot

Root
Scrotum

26

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

27

Scrotal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the scrotum

28

Seminal Vesicle

Greek Seed
Sac of the ducts deferens that produces seminal fluid

29

Semin

Root
Semen

30

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

31

Vesic

Root
Sac containing fluid

32

Le

Suffix
Small

33

Seminal Vesicle

Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Sac of the ductus deferens that produces seminal fluid

34

Sperm

Greek Seed
Mature male sex cell

35

Spermat/o

Root + Combining Form
Sperm

36

Zoa

Suffix
Animal

37

Spermatozoa

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Sperm ( Plural)

38

Spermat/o

Root + Combining Form
Sperm

39

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

40

Spermatic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to sperm

41

Spermat/o

Root + Combining Form
Sperm

42

Genesis

Suffix
Creation, formation

43

Spermatognesis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The process by which male germ cells differentiate into sperm

44

Testicles

Latin Small testis
One of the male reproductive glands

45

Testicul

Root
Testicle

46

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

47

Testicular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the testicle

48

Testes

Latin Testis
Same as testicle

49

Torsion

Latin To twist
The act or result of twisting

50

Andr/o

Root + Combining Form
Masculine

51

Gen

Suffix
Create, produce

52

Androgen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Hormone that promotes masculine characteristics

53

Libido

Latin Lust
Sexual desire

54

Plexus

Latin Brain
A weblike network of joined nerves

55

Semen

Latin Seed
Penile ejaculate containing sperm and seminal fluid

56

Semin/i

Root + Combining Form
Semen

57

Fer

Root
To bear, carry

58

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

59

Seminiferous

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to carrying semen

60

Test/o

Root + Combining Form
Testis

61

Sterone

Suffix
Steroid

62

Testosterone

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Powerful androgen produced by testes

63

Tunica

Latin Coat
Covering, particularly of a tubular structure

64

Vagin

Root
Sheath, vagina

65

Alis

Suffix
Pertaining to

66

Vaginalis

Root + Suffix
The tunica vaginalis is the sheath of the testis and epididymis

67

Crypt

Prefix
Hidden

68

Orch

Root
Testicle

69

Ism

Suffix
Condition

70

Cryptorchism

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum

71

Epi

Prefix
Above

72

Didym

Root
Testis

73

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

74

Epididymitis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the epididymis

75

Epi

Prefix
Above

76

Didym/o

Root + Combining Form
Testis

77

Orchi

Root
Testicle

78

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

79

Epididymoorchitis

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the epididymis and testicle

80

Hydr/o

Root + Combining Form
Water

81

Cele

Suffix
Swelling

82

Hydrocele

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Collection of fluid in the space of the tunica vaginalis

83

Orchi

Root
Testicle

84

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

85

Orchiectomy

Root + Suffix
Removal of one or both testes

86

Orchi/o

Root + Combining Form
Testicle

87

Pexy

Suffix
Surgical fixation

88

Orchiopexy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Surgical fixation of a testis in the scrotum

89

Orchi

Root
Testicle

90

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

91

Orchitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the testis

92

Spermat/o

Root + Combining Form
Sperm

93

Cele

Suffix
Swelling

94

Spermatocele

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Cyst of the epididymis that contains sperm

95

Varic/o

Root + Combining Form
Varicosity

96

Cele

Suffix
Swelling

97

Varicocele

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Varicose veins of the spermatic cord

98

Ejacul

Root
Shoot out

99

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

100

Ejaculate

Root + Suffix
To expel suddenly; or the semen expelled in ejaculation

101

Ejacul

Root
Shoot out

102

Ation

Suffix
Process

103

Ejaculation

Root + Suffix
Process of expelling semen suddenly

104

Ejacul

Root
Shoot out

105

Atory

Suffix
Pertaining to

106

Ejaculate

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to ejaculation

107

Mot

Root
To move

108

Ile

Suffix
Pertaining to

109

Motile

Root + Suffix
Capable of spontaneous movement

110

Motil

Root
To move

111

Ity

Suffix
Condition

112

Motility

Root + Suffix
The ability for spontaneous movement

113

Prostate

Greek One standing before
Organ surrounding the beginning of the urethra

114

Prosta

Root
Prostate

115

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

116

Prostatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the prostate

117

Brachy

Prefix
Short

118

Therapy

Root
Treatment

119

Brachytherapy

Prefix + Root
Radiation therapy in which the source of radiation is implanted in the tissue to be treated

120

Hyper

Prefix
Above

121

Plas

Root
Molding, formation

122

Ia

Suffix
Condition

123

Hyperplasia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Increase in the number of the cells in a tissue or organ

124

Hyper

Prefix
Excessive

125

Trophy

Root
Development

126

Hypertrophy

Prefix + Root
Increase in the size of the cells in a tissue or organ

127

Hypo

Prefix
Deficient

128

Gonad

Root
Testis or ovary

129

Ism

Suffix
Condition

130

Hypogonadism

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Deficient gonad production of sperm or eggs or hormones

131

In

Prefix
Not

132

Fertil

Root
Able to conceive

133

Ity

Suffix
Condition

134

Infertility

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Failure to conceive

135

Noct

Prefix
Night

136

Ur

Root
Urine

137

Ia

Suffix
Condition

138

Nocturia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Excessive urination at night

139

Poly

Prefix
Excessive

140

Ur

Root
Urine

141

Ia

Suffix
Condition

142

Polyuria

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Excessive production of urine

143

Prostat

Root
Prostate

144

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

145

Prostatectomy

Root + Suffix
Surgical removal of the prostate

146

Prostat

Root
Prostate

147

Itis

Inflammation

148

Prostatitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the prostate

149

Resect/o

Root + Combining Form
Cut off

150

Scope

Root
Instrument for viewing

151

Resectoscope

Root + Combining Form + Root
Endoscope for the transurethral removal of lesions

152

Trans

Prefix
Across, through

153

Urethr

Root
Urethra

154

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

155

Transurethral

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Procedure performed through the urethra

156

Vas

Root
Duct

157

Ectomy

Suffix
Surgical excision

158

Vasectomy

Root + Suffix
Excision of a segment of the ductus deferens

159

Vas/o

Root + Combining Form
Duct

160

Stomy

Suffix
New opening

161

Vasovasostomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Reananstomosis of the ductus deferens to restore the flow of sperm

162

Balan

Root
Glans penis

163

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

164

Balanitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the glans and prepuce of the penis

165

Cavern

Root
Cave

166

Oas

Suffix
Condition

167

Cavernosa

Root + Suffix
Resembling a cave

168

Circum

Prefix
Around

169

Cis

Root
To cut

170

Ion

Suffix
Action, Condition

171

Circumcision

Prefix + Root + Suffix
To remove part or all of the prepuce

172

Corpus

Latin Body
Major part of a structure

173

Epi

Prefix
Above

174

Spad

Root
Tear or cut

175

Ias

Suffix
Condition

176

Epispadias

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Condition in which the urethral opening is on the dorsum of the penis

177

Erect

Root
To set up, straight

178

Ile

Suffix
Pertaining to

179

Erectile

Root + Suffix
Capable of erection or being distended with blood

180

Erect

Root
To set up, straight

181

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

182

Erection

Root + Suffix
Distended and rigid state of an organ

183

Frenulum

Latin Small bridle
Fold of mucous membrane between the glans and the prepuce

184

Glans

Latin Acorn
Head of the penis or clitoris

185

Hypo

Prefix
Below

186

Spad

Root
Tear or cut

187

Ias

Suffix
Condition

188

Hypospadias

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Urethral opening is more proximal than normal on the ventral surface of the penis

189

Impotence

Latin Inability
Inability to achieve an erection

190

Para

Prefix
Abnormal

191

Phim

Root
Muzzle

192

Osis

Suffix
Condition

193

Paraphimosis

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Condition in which is a retracted prepuce cannot be pulled forward to cover the glans

194

Phim

Root
Muzzle

195

Osis

Suffix
Condition

196

Phimosis

Root + Suffix
A condition where the prepuce cannot be retracted

197

Prepuce

Latin Foreskin
Fold of skin that covers the glans penis

198

Priapism

Priapus, mythical Roman G-d of procreation
Presistent erection of the penis

199

Smegma

Greek Ointment
Oily material produced by the glans and prepruce

200

Sperm/i

Root + Combining Form
Sperm

201

Cide

Suffix
Destroy

202

Spermicide

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Agent that destroys sperm

203

Sperm/i

Root + Combining Form
Sperm

204

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

205

Spermicidal

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the killing of sperm, or destructive to sperm

206

Spongios

Root
Sponge

207

Um

Suffix
Tissue

208

Spongiosum

Root + Suffix
Spongelike tissue