Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (402):
1

Bi/o

Root + Combining Form
Life

2

Metry

Suffix
Process of measuring

3

Biometry

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The study of numeric data based on biologic observations

4

Bi/o

Root + Combining Form
Life

5

Metrist

Suffix
Skilled in measuring

6

Biometrist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Skilled in biometry

7

Conjunctiva

Latin Inner lining of eyelids
Inner lining of eyelids

8

Conjunctiv

Root
Conjunctiva

9

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

10

Conjunctival

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the conjunctiva

11

Conjunctiv

Root
Conjunctiva

12

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

13

Conjunctivitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the conjunctiva

14

Pink eye

Lay term for conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis

15

Cornea

Latin Web, tunic
The central, transparent part of the outer coat of the eye covering the iris and pupil

16

Lacrim

Root
Tear

17

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

18

Lacrimal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to tears and the tear apparatus

19

Nas/o

Root + Combining Form
Nose

20

Lacrim

Root
Tear

21

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

22

Duct

Root
To lead

23

Nasolacrimal duct

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix + Root
Passage from the lacrimal sac to the nose

24

Opthalm/o

Root + Combining Form
Eye

25

Logy

Suffix
Study of

26

Opthalmology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the eye

27

Opthalm/o

Root + Combining Form
Eye

28

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

29

Ophthalmologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialist in ophthalmology

30

Ophthalm

Root
Eye

31

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

32

Ophthalmic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the eye

33

Orbit

Latin Circle
The bony socket that holds the eyeball

34

Orbit

Root
Orbit

35

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

36

Orbital

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the orbit

37

Peri

Prefix
Around

38

Orbit

Root
Orbit

39

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

40

Periorbital

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to tissues around the orbit

41

Phot/o

Root + Combining Form
Light

42

Phob

Root
Fear

43

Ia

Suffix
Condition

44

Photophobia

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Fear of the light because it hurts the eyes

45

Phot/o

Root + Combining Form
Light

46

Phob

Root
Fear

47

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

48

Photophobic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or suffering from photophobia

49

Anti

Prefix
Against

50

Bio

Root
Life

51

Tic

Suffix
Pertaining to

52

Antibiotic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
A substance that has the capacity to inhibit the growth of or destroy bacteria and other microorganisms

53

Blephar

Root
Eyelid

54

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

55

Blepharitis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the eyelid

56

Blephar/o

Root + Combining Form
Eyelid

57

Ptosis

Suffix
Drooping

58

Blepharoptosis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Drooping of the upper eyelid

59

Blephar/o

Root + Combining Form
Eyelid

60

Plasty

Suffix
Surgical repair

61

Blepharoplasty

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Surgical repair of the eyelid

62

Contagious

Latin Touch closely
Infection can be transmitted from person to person or from a person to a surface to a person

63

Con

Prefix
Together

64

Tamin

Root
Touch

65

Ate

Suffix
Composed of, pertaining to

66

Contaminate

Prefix + Root + Suffix
To cause the presence of an infectious agent to be on any surface

67

Con

Prefix
Together

68

Tamin

Root
Touch

69

Ation

Suffix
Process

70

Contamination

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The presence of an infectious agent on any surface

71

Hordeolum

Latin Stye in the eye
Abscess in an eyelash follicle

72

Paresis

Greek paralysis
Partial Paralysis

73

Ptosis

Greek Drooping
Sinking down of the upper eyelid of an organ

74

Pur

Root
Pus

75

Ulent

Suffix
Abounding in

76

Purulent

Root + Suffix
Showing or containing a lot of pus

77

Ac

Prefix
Toward

78

Commodat

Root
Adjust

79

Ion

Suffix
Action

80

Accommodation

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The act of adjusting something to make it fit the needs; in this case the lens of they eye adjusts itself

81

Ac

Prefix
Toward

82

Commodat

Root
Adjust

83

Ate

Suffix
Pertaining to, composed of

84

Accommodate

Prefix + Root + Suffix
To adapt to meet a need

85

Ac

Prefix
Toward

86

Commodat

Root
Adjust

87

Ive

Suffix
Pertaining to

88

Accommodative

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to accommodation

89

Ambly

Prefix
Dull

90

Opia

Root
Sight

91

Amblyopia

Prefix + Root
Failure or incomplete development of the pathways of vision to the brain

92

Eso

Prefix
Inward

93

Trop

Root
Turn

94

Ia

Suffix
Condition

95

Esotropia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Turning the eye inward toward the nose

96

Exo

Prefix
Outward

97

Trop

Root
Turn

98

Ia

Suffix
Condition

99

Exotropia

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Turning the eye outward away from the nose

100

Extrinsic

Latin On the outer side
Any muscle located entirely on the outside of the structure under consideration; e.g the eye

101

Intrinsic

Latin On the inner side
Any muscle located entirely within (inside) the structure under consideration; e.g the eye

102

Ocul

Root
Eye

103

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

104

Ocular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the eye

105

Opt/o

Root + Combining Form
Vision

106

Metrist

Suffix
Skilled in measurement

107

Optometrist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Someone skilled in the measurement of vision but who cannot treat eye diseases or prescribe medication

108

Opt/o

Root + Combining Form
Vision

109

Metry

Suffix
Process of measuring

110

Optometry

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The profession of the measurement of vision

111

Stere

Root
Three - dimensional

112

Opsis

Suffix
Vision

113

Stereopsis

Root + Suffix
Three- dimensional vision

114

Strab

Root
Squint

115

Ismus

Suffix
Take action

116

Strabismus

Root + Suffix
Turning of an eye away from its normal position

117

A

Prefix
Without

118

Vascul

Root
Blood Vessel

119

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

120

Avascular

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Without a blood supply

121

Con

Prefix
With, together

122

Strict

Root
Narrow

123

Constrict

Prefix + Root
Become or make narrow

124

Con

Prefix
With, together

125

Strict

Root
Narrow

126

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

127

Constriction

Prefix + Root + Suffix
A narrowed portion of a structure

128

Dilate

Latin Dilate
To perform or undergo dilation

129

Dilat

Root
Dilate

130

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

131

Dilation

Root + Suffix
Stretching or enlarging an opening or a structure

132

Iris

Greek Diaphragm of the eye
Colored portion of the eye with the pupil in its center

133

Lens

Latin Lentil shape
Transparent refractive structure behind the iris

134

Presby

Root
Old man

135

Opia

Suffix
Sight

136

Presbyopia

Root + Suffix
Difficulty in nearsighted vision occurring in middle and old age

137

Pupil

Latin Pupil
The opening in the center of the iris that allows light to reach the lens

138

Pupill

Root
Pupil

139

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

140

Pupillary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the pupil

141

Refract

Latin Net
Light-sensitive innermost layer of the eyeball

142

Retin

Root
Retina

143

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

144

Retinal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the retina

145

Sclera

Greek Hard
Fibrous outer covering of the eyeball and the white of the eye

146

Scler

Root
Hardness, white of eye

147

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

148

Scleral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the sclera

149

Scler

Root
Hardness, white of eye

150

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

151

Scleritis

Root + Suffix
Inflammation of the sclera

152

A

Prefix
Without

153

Stigmat

Root
Focus

154

Ism

Suffix
Process

155

Astigmatism

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Inability to focus light rays that enter the eye in different planes

156

Concave

Latin Concavus arched
Having a hollowed surface

157

Convex

Latin Convexus vaulted
A surface that is evenly curved outward

158

Foramen

Latin Hole
An opening through a stucture

159

Hyper

Prefix
Beyond

160

Opia

Root
Sight

161

Hyperopia

Prefix + Root
Able to see distant objects but unable to see close objects

162

In Situ

Latin In its original place
In the correct place

163

Kerat/o

Root + Combining Form
Cornea

164

Mileusis

Root
Lathe

165

Keratomileusis

Root + Combining Form + Root
Cuts and shapes the cornea

166

Kerat/o

Root + Combining Form
Cornea

167

Tomy

Suffix
Surgical incision

168

Keratotomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Incision in the cornea

169

Myop

Root
To blink

170

Opia

Root
Sight

171

Myopia

Root + Root
Able to see close objects but unable to see distant objects

172

Radi

Root
Radius

173

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

174

Radial

Root + Suffix
Diverging in all directions from any given center

175

Cataract

Latin To break down
Complete or partial opacity of the lens

176

Fluo

Prefix
Fluorine

177

Rescein

Root
Resin

178

Fluorescein

Prefix + Root
Dye that produces a vivid green color under a blue light to diagnose corneal abrasions and foreign bodies

179

Glauc

Root
Lens opacity

180

Oma

Suffix
Mass, tumor

181

Glaucoma

Root + Suffix
Increased intraocular pressure

182

Intra

Prefix
Inside

183

Ocul

Root
Eye

184

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

185

Intraocular

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the inside of the eye

186

Ophthalm

Root
Eye

187

Ia

Suffix
Condition

188

Neo

Prefix
New

189

Nat

Root
Born

190

Orum

Suffix
Function of

191

Ophthalmia Neonatorum

Root + Suffix + Prefix + Root + Suffix
Conjunctivitis of the newborn

192

Phot/o

Root + Combining Form
Light

193

Sensitiv

Root
Feeling

194

Ity

Suffix
Condition

195

Photosensitivity

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
When light produces pain in the eye

196

Pollution

Latin To defile
Condition that is unclean, impure, and a danger to health

197

Pollut

Root
Unclean

198

Ant

Suffix
Pertaining to

199

Pollutant

Root + Suffix
Substance that makes an environment unclean or impure

200

Angi/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood vessel

201

Graphy

Suffix
Process of recording

202

Angiography

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Radiography of vessels after injection of contrast material

203

Angi/o

Root + Combining Form
Blood vessel

204

Gram

Suffiix
A record

205

Angiogram

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Radiogram obtained after injection of radiopaque material into blood vessels

206

Laser

Light Amplification by Simulated Emission of Radiation

207

Surg

Root
Operate

208

Ery

Suffix
Process of

209

Laser Surgery

Root + Suffix
Use of a concentrated, intense narrow beam of electromagnetic radiation for surgery

210

Ophthalm/o

Root + Combining Form
Eye

211

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

212

Ophthalmoscope

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument for viewing the retina

213

Ophthalm/o

Root + Combining Form
Eye

214

Scopy

Suffix
To view, examine

215

Ophthalmoscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The process of viewing the retina

216

Ophthalm/o

Root + Combining Form
Eye

217

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

218

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

219

Ophthalmoscopic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix + Suffix
Pertaining to the use of an ophthalmoscope

220

Phot/o

Root + Combining Form
Light

221

Coagul

Root
Clotting

222

Ation

Suffix
Process

223

Photocoagulation

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Using light to form a clot

224

Retin/o

Root + Combining Form
Retina

225

Blast

Root
Immature cell

226

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

227

Retinoblatoma

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Malignant neoplasm of primitive retinal cells

228

Retin/o

Root + Combining Form
Retina

229

Pathy

Suffix
Disease

230

Retinopathy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Degenerative disease of the retina

231

Fundus

Latin Bottom
Part farthest from the opening of a hallow organ

232

Fund/o

Root + Combining Form
Fundus

233

Scopy

Suffix
To examine

234

Fundoscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Examination of the fundus of the eye

235

Fund/o

Root + Combining Form
Fundus

236

Scop

Suffix
To examine

237

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

238

Fundoscopic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix + Suffix
Pertaining to fundoscopy

239

Ishihara color system

Test for color vision defects

240

Jaeger reading cards

Type of different sizes for testing near vision

241

Peripher

Root
External boundary

242

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

243

Peripheral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the periphery or external boundary

244

Peripher

Root
External boundary

245

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

246

Vis

Root
Sight

247

Ion

Suffix
Action, condition

248

Peripheral Vision

Root + Suffix + Root + Suffix
Ability to see objects as they come into the outer edges of the visual field

249

Snellen letter chart

Test for acuity of distant vision

250

Ton/o

Root + Combining Form
Pressure, tension

251

Meter

Suffix
Measure

252

Tonometer

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument for determining intraocular pressure

253

Ton/o

Root + Combining Form
Pressure, tension

254

Metry

Suffix
Process of measuring

255

Tonometry

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
The measurement of intraocular pressure

256

Acetaminophen

Generic drug name
Medication that is an analgesic and antipyretic

257

Acute

Latin Sharp
Disease of sudden onset

258

Bi

Prefix
Two

259

Later

Root
Side

260

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

261

Bilateral

Prefix + Root + Suffix
On two sides; e.g. in both ears

262

Chronic

Greek Time
A persistent, long-term disease

263

Effusion

Latin Pouring out
Collection of fluid that has escaped from blood vessels into a cavity or tissues

264

Ot

Root
Ear

265

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

266

Media

Root
Middle

267

Otitis Media

Root + Suffix + Root
Inflammation of the middle ear

268

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

269

Logist

Suffix
Specialist

270

Otologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Medical specialist in diseases of the ear

271

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

272

Logy

Suffix
Study of

273

Otology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ear

274

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

275

Rhin/o

Root + Combining Form
Nose

276

Laryng/o

Root + Combining Form
Larynx

277

Logist

Suffix
Specialist

278

Otorhinolaryngologist

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form +Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Ear, nose and throat medical specialist

279

Auditory

Latin Hearing
Relating to hearing or the organs of hearing

280

Audi/o

Root + Combining Form
Hearing

281

Logy

Suffix
Study of

282

Audiology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Study of hearing disorders

283

Audi/o

Root + Combining Form
Hearing

284

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

285

Audiologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Specialist in evaluation of hearing function

286

Auricle

Latin Ear
The shell-like external ear

287

Cerumen

Latin Wax
Waxy secretion of glands of the external ear

288

Cerumin

Root
Cerumen

289

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

290

Ceruminous

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to cerumen

291

Cur

Root
Cleanse, cure

292

Ette

Suffix
Little

293

Curette

Root + Suffix
Scoop-shaped instrument for scraping or removal of new growths

294

Cur

Root
Cleanse, cure

295

Ette

Suffix
Little

296

Age

Suffix
Pertaining to

297

Curettage

Root + Suffix + Suffix
The use of a curette

298

Impacted

Latin Driven in
Immovably wedged, as with earwax blocking the external canal

299

Irrig

Root
To water

300

Ation

Suffix
Process

301

Irrigation

Root + Suffix
Use of water; e.g. to remove wax from the external ear canal

302

Meatus

Latin Go through
Passage or channel; also the external opening of a passage

303

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

304

Scope

Suffix
Instrument for viewing

305

Otoscope

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument for examining the ear

306

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

307

Scopy

Suffix
To examine

308

Otoscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Examination of the ear

309

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

310

Scop

Root
To view

311

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

312

Otoscopic

Root + Combining Form + Suffix + Suffix
Pertaining to examination with an otoscope

313

Pinna

Latin Wing
Another name for auricle

314

Topic

Root
Local

315

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

316

Topical

Root + Suffix
Medication applied to the skin to obtain a local effect

317

Tympan

Root
Eardrum

318

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

319

Tympanic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the tympanic membrane or tympanic cavity

320

Aden

Root
Gland

321

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

322

Adenoid

Root + Suffix
Single mass of lymphoid tissue in the midline at the back of the throat

323

Eustachian Tube

Tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx

324

Incus

Latin Anvil
Middle one of the three ossicles in the middle ear; shaped like an anvil

325

Malleus

Latin Hammer
Outer one of the three ossicles in the middle ear; shaped like a hammer

326

Mast

Root
Breast

327

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

328

Mastoid

Root + Suffix
Small bony protrusion immediately behind the ear

329

Nas/o

Root + Combining Form
Nose

330

Pharynx

Root
Throat

331

Nasopharynx

Root + Combining Form + Root
Region of the pharynx at the back of the nose and above the soft palate

332

Nas/o

Root + Combining Form
Nose

333

Pharyng

Root
Pharynx

334

Eal

Suffix
Pertaining to

335

Nasopharyngeal

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the nasopharynx

336

Oss/i

Root + Combining Form
Bone

337

Cle

Suffix
Small

338

Ossicle

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
A small bone, particularly relating to the three bones in the middle ear

339

Stapes

Latin Stirrup
Inner one of the three ossicles of the middle ear; shaped like a stirrup

340

Chol/e

Root + Combining Form
Bile

341

Steat

Root
Fat

342

Oma

Suffix
Tumor, mass

343

Cholesteatoma

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Yellow, waxy tumor arising in the middle ear

344

Coryza

Greek Catarrh
Viral inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose

345

Myring/o

Root + Combining Form
Tympanic membrane

346

Tomy

Suffix
Surgical incision

347

Myringotomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Incision on the tympanic membrane

348

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

349

Scler/o

Root + Combining Form
Hard

350

Sis

Suffix
Abnormal condition

351

Otosclerosis

Root + Combining Form + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Hardening at the junction of the stapes and oval window that causes loss of hearing

352

Perforated

Latin To bore through
Punctured with one or more holes

353

Perforat

Root
Bore through

354

Ion

Suffix
Action

355

Perforation

Root + Suffix
A hole through the wall of a structure

356

Prosthesis

Greek Addition
Manufactured substitute for a missing or diseased part of the body

357

Tympan/o

Root + Combining Form
Eardrum

358

Stomy

Suffix
New opening

359

Tympanostomy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Surgical created new opening in the tympanic membrane to allow fluid to drain from the middle ear

360

Audi/o

Root + Combining Form
Hearing

361

Meter

Suffix
Measure

362

Audiometer

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Instrument to measure hearing

363

Audi/o

Root + Combining Form
Hearing

364

Metric

Suffix
Pertaining to measurement

365

Audiometric

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the measurement of hearing

366

Basil

Root
Base, support

367

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

368

Basilar

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the base of a structure

369

Cochlea

Latin Snail shell
An intricate combination of passages; used to describe the inner ear

370

Conductive hearing loss

Latin To lead
Hearing loss caused by lesions in the outer ear or middle ear

371

Implant

Latin To plant
To insert material into tissues; or the material inserted into tissues

372

Labyrinth

Greek Labyrinth
The inner ear

373

Labyrinth

Root
Inner ear

374

Itis

Suffix
Inflammation

375

Labyrinthitis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Inflammation of the inner ear

376

Rinne test

Test for conductive hearing loss

377

Sensor/i

Root + Combining Form
Sensory

378

Neur

Root
Nerve

379

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

380

Sensorineural hearing loss

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Hearing loss caused by lesions of the inner ear or the auditory nerve

381

Weber test

Test for sensorineural hearing loss

382

Ampulla

Latin Two-handleded bottle
Dilated portion of a canal or duct

383

Crista

Root
Crest

384

Ampull

Root
Bottle-shaped

385

Aris

Suffix
Pertaining to

386

Crista Ampullaris

Root + Root + Suffix
Mound of hair cells and gelatinous material in the ampulla of a semicircular canal

387

Equi

Prefix
Equal

388

Librium

Root
Balance

389

Equilibrium

Prefix + Root
Being evenly balanced

390

Meniere Disease

Disorder of the inner ear with acute attacks of tinnitus, vertigo and hearing loss

391

Ot/o

Root + Combining Form
Ear

392

Lith

Root
Stone

393

Otolith

Root + Combining Form + Root
A calcium particle in the vestibule of the inner ear

394

Paroxysm

Root
Sudden, sharp attack

395

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

396

Paroxysmal

Root + Suffix
Occurring in sharp, spasmodic episodes

397

Tinnitus

Latin Jingle
Persistant ringing, whistling, clicking or booming noise in the ears

398

Vertigo

Latin Dizziness
Sensation of spinning or whirling

399

Vestibule

Latin Entrance chamber
Space at the entrance to a canal

400

Vestibul

Root
Vestibule

401

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

402

Vestibular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the vestibule