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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (242):
1

Abdomen

Latin Abdomen
Part of the trunk between thorax and pelvis

2

Abdomin

Root
Abdomen

3

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

4

Ana

Root
Apart from

5

Tomy

Suffix
Process of separating

6

Anatomy

Root + Suffix
Study of the structure of the human body

7

Ana

Root
Apart from

8

Ical

Suffix
Pertaining to

9

Anatomical

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to anatomy

10

Anter

Root
Before, front part

11

Ior

Suffix
Pertaining to

12

Anterior

Root + Suffix
The front surface of the body; situated in front

13

Caud

Root
Tail

14

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

15

Caudal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or nearer to the tailbone

16

Cephal

Root
Head

17

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

18

Cephalic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to or nearer to the head

19

Coron

Root
Crown

20

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

21

Coronal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions

22

Dist

Root
Away from the center

23

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

24

Distal

Root + Suffix
Situated away from the center of the body

25

Dors

Root
Back

26

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

27

Later

Root
Side

28

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

29

Lateral

Root + Suffix
Situated at the side of a structure

30

Medi

Root
Middle

31

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

32

Medial

Root + Suffix
Nearer to the middle of the body

33

Poster

Root
Back part

34

Ior

Suffix
Pertaining to

35

Posterior

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the back surface of the body; situated behind

36

Prone

Latin Bending forward
Lying face down, flat on your belly

37

Proxim

Root
Nearest to the center

38

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

39

Proximal

Root + Suffix
Situated nearest to the center of the body

40

Sagitt

Root
Arrow

41

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

42

Sagittal

Root + Suffix
Vertical plane through the body into right and left portions

43

Supine

Latin lying on the back
Lying face up, flat on your spine

44

Transverse

Latin Crosswise
Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions

45

Ventr

Root
Belly

46

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

47

Ventral

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the belly or situated nearer to the surface of the belly

48

Abdomin/o

Root + Combining Form
Abdomen

49

Pelv

Root
Pelvis

50

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

51

Abdominopelvic

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the abdomen and pelvis

52

Cav

Root
Hollow space

53

Ity

Suffix
State, condition

54

Cavity

Root + Suffix
A hollow space or body compartment

55

Crani

Root
Skull

56

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

57

Cranial

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the cranium

58

Crani

Root
Skull

59

Um

Suffix
Structure

60

Cranium

Root + Suffix
The skull

61

Diaphragm

Greek Diaphragm
Muscular sheet separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

62

Diaphragmat

Root
Diaphragm

63

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

64

Diaphragmatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the diaphragm

65

Quadrant

Latin One quarter
One quarter of a circle; one of four regions of the surface of the abdomen

66

Spine

Latin Spine
The vertebral column or short bony projection

67

Spin

Root
Spine

68

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

69

Spinal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the spine

70

Thorac

Root
Chest

71

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

72

Thoracic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the chest

73

Thorax

Greek Chest
The part of the trunk between the abdomen and neck

74

Umbilic

Root
Naval

75

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

76

Umbilical

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the umbilicus or the center of the abdomen

77

Umbilicus

Root
Pit in the abdomen where the umbilical cord entered the fetus

78

Cell

Latin A storeroom
The smallest unit of the body capable of independent existence

79

Conception

Latin Something received
Fertilization of the egg by sperm to form a zygote

80

Cyt/o

Root + Combining Form
Cell

81

Logy

Suffix
Study of

82

Cytology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Study of the cell

83

Cyt/o

Root + Combining Form
Cell

84

Logist

Suffix
One who studies a specialist

85

Cytologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Specialist in the structure, chemistry, and pathology of the cell

86

Fertiliz

Root
To make fruitful

87

Ation

Suffix
Process

88

Fertilization

Root + Suffix
Union of a male sperm and a female egg

89

Fertilize

Greek To bear
Penetration of the egg by sperm

90

Organ

Latin Instrument, tool
Structure with specific functions in a body system

91

Organ

Root
Organ

92

Elle

Suffix
Small

93

Organelle

Root + Suffix
Part of a cell having specialized functions

94

Organ

Root
Organ

95

Ism

Suffix
Condition, process

96

Organism

Root + Suffix
Any whole living, individual plant or animal

97

Tissue

Latin To weave
Collection of similar cells

98

Zygote

Greek Yolk
Cell resulting from the union of sperm and egg

99

Anabol

Root
Build up

100

Ism

Suffix
Process, condition

101

Anabolism

Root + Suffix
The buildup of complex substances in the cell from simpler ones as a part of metabolism

102

Catabol

Root
Break down

103

Ism

Suffix
Process, condition

104

Catabolism

Root + Suffix
The breakdown of complex substances into simpler ones as a part of metabolism

105

Chrom/o

Root + Combining Form
Color

106

Some

Suffix
Body

107

Chromosome

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Body in the nucleus that contains DNA and genes

108

Cyt/o

Root + Combining Form
Cell

109

Plasm

Suffix
Something formed

110

Cytoplasm

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Clear gelatinous substance that forms the substance of a cell, except for the nucleus

111

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Source of hereditary characteristics found in chromosomes

112

Electr/o

Root + Combining Form
Electricity

113

Lyte

Suffix
Soluble

114

Electrolyte

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Substance that when dissolved in a suitable medium, forms electrically charged particles

115

Hormone

Greek Set in motion
Chemical formed in one tissue or organ and carried by the blood to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ

116

Hormon

Root
Hormone

117

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

118

Hormonal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a hormone

119

Intra

Prefix
Within

120

Cellul

Root
Small cell

121

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

122

Intracellular

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Within the cell

123

Lipid

Greek Fat
General term for all types of fatty compounds

124

Membrane

Latin Parchment
Thin layer of tissue covering a structure or cavity

125

Membran

Root
Cover, skin

126

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

127

Membranous

Pertaining to a membrane

128

Metabol

Root
Change

129

Ism

Suffix
Condition, process

130

Metabolism

Root + Suffix
The constantly changing physical and chemical processes occurring in the cell that are the sum of anabolism and catabolism

131

Metabol

Root
Change

132

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

133

Metabolic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to metabolism

134

Mit/o

Root + Combining Form
Thread

135

Chondr

Root
Granule

136

Ia

Suffix
Condition

137

Mitochondria

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Organelles that generate, store and release energy for cell activities

138

Nucle/o

Root + Combining Form
Nucleus

139

Lus

Suffix
Small

140

Nucleus

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Small mass within the nucleus

141

Nucleus

Latin Command center
Functional center of a cell or structure

142

Nucle

Root
Nucleus

143

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

144

Nuclear

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a nucleus

145

Protein

Greek Protein
Class of food substances based on amino acids

146

Ribo

Prefix
From ribose, a sugar

147

Nucle

Root
Nucleus

148

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

149

RIbonucleic

Prefix + Root + Suffix
The information carrier from DNA in the nucleus to an organelle to produce protein molecules

150

Ster

Root
Solid

151

Oid

Suffix
Resembling

152

Steroid

Root + Suffix
Large family of chemical substances found in many drugs of hormones and body components

153

Arthr/o

Root + Combining Form
Joint

154

Scopy

Suffix
To examine, to view

155

Arthroscopy

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Visual examination of the interior of a joint

156

Connect

Root
Join together

157

Ive

Suffix
Pertaining to

158

Connective

Root + Suffix
The supporting tissue of the body

159

Cruciate

Latin Cross
Shaped like a cross

160

Graft

French Transplant
Transplantation of living tissue

161

Hist/o

Root + Combining Form
Tissue

162

Logy

Suffix
Study of

163

Histology

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Study of the structure and function of cells, tissues and organs

164

Hist/o

Root + Combining Form
Tissue

165

Logist

Suffix
One who studies, specialist

166

Histologist

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Specialist in histology

167

Ligament

Latin Band
Band of fibrous tissue connecting two structures

168

Meniscus

Greek Crescent
Disc of cartilage between the bones of a joint

169

Muscle

Latin Muscle
A tissue consisting of contractile cells

170

Patella

Latin Small plate
Thin circular bone embedded in the patellar tendon in front of the knee joint; also called the kneecap

171

Patell

Root
Patella

172

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

173

Patellar

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the patella

174

Therapy

Greek Medical treatment
Systemic treatment of a disease, dysfunction or disorder

175

Therapeut

Root
Treatment

176

Ic

Suffix
Pertaining to

177

Therapeutic

Root + Suffix
Relating to the treatment of a disease or disorder

178

Therap

Root
Treatment

179

Ist

Suffix
Specialist

180

Therapist

Root + Suffix
Professional trained in the practice of a particular therapy

181

Capsule

Latin Little box
Fibrous tissue layer surrounding a joint or other structure

182

Capsul

Root
Box

183

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

184

Capsular

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a capsule

185

Cartilage

Latin Gristle
Nonvascular, firm connective tissue found mostly in joints

186

Coll/a

Root + Combining Form
Glue

187

Gen

Suffix
Produce, from

188

Collagen

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Major protein of connective tissue, cartilage and bone

189

Matrix

Latin Mater Mother
Substance that surrounds and protects cells, is manufactured by the cells, and holds them together

190

Nurti

Root
Nourish

191

Ent

Suffix
End result

192

Nutrient

Root + Suffix
A substance in food required for normal physiologic function

193

Peri

Prefix
Around

194

Oste

Root
Bone

195

Um

Suffix
Tissue

196

Periosteum

Prefix + Root + Suffix
Fibrous membrane covering a bone

197

Syn

Prefix
Together

198

Ov/i

Root + Combining Form
Egg

199

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

200

Synovial

Prefix + Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Pertaining to the synovial membrane or fluid

201

Tendon

Latin Sinew
Fibrous band that connects muscle to bone

202

Cardi/o

Root + Combining Form
Heart

203

Vascul

Root
Blood vessel

204

Ar

Suffix
Pertaining to

205

Cardiovascular

Root + Combining Form + Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels

206

Digest

Root
Break down food

207

Ion

Suffix
Action

208

Digestion

Root + Suffix
Breakdown of food into elements suitable for cell metabolism

209

Digest

Root
Break down food

210

Ive

Suffix
Pertaining to

211

Digestive

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to digestion

212

Endo

Prefix
Within

213

Crine

Root
To secrete

214

Endocrine

Prefix + Root
A gland that produces an internal or hormonal substance

215

Home/o

Root + Combining Form
The smae

216

Stasis

Suffix
Standstill, control

217

Homeostasis

Root + Combining Form + Suffix
Maintaining the stability of a system or the body's internal environment

218

Integument

Latin A Covering
Organ system that covers the body, the skin being the main organ within the system

219

Integument

Root
Covering of the body

220

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

221

Integumentary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the covering of the body

222

Lymph

Latin Clear spring water
Clear fluid collected from body tissues and transported by lymph vessels to the venous circulation

223

Lymph

Root
Lymph, lymphatic system

224

Atic

Suffix
Pertaining to

225

Lymphatic

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to lymph or the lymphatic system

226

Nerv

Root
Nerve

227

Ous

Suffix
Pertaining to

228

Nervous

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to a nerve or the nervous system; or easily excited or agitated

229

Nervous System

System Greek an organized whole
The whole, integrated nerve apparatus

230

Respir

Root
To breathe

231

Ation

Suffix
Process

232

Respiration

Root + Suffix
Process of breathing; fundamental process of life used to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide

233

Respir

Root
To breathe

234

Atory

Suffix
Pertaining to

235

Respiratory

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to respiration

236

Skeleton

Greek Skeleton or mummy
The bony framework of the body

237

Skelet

Root
Skeleton

238

Al

Suffix
Pertaining to

239

Skeletal

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to the skeleton

240

Urin

Root
Urine

241

Ary

Suffix
Pertaining to

242

Urinary

Root + Suffix
Pertaining to urine