Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Evaluation in Physical & Health Education Deck (52)
what are the 6 purposes of testing and evaluation?
6) program evaluation
initial tests can be used to group individuals on he basis of skill level or ability
what does placement grouping allow for?
allows for the most efficient and effective use of time for training
after administering a test, the results must be evaluated - performances can be evaluated - deficiencies and weaknesses are identified
what determines what specific areas should be focused on during training?
the results from diagnosis
specialized tests can be used to predict future results and performance
do prediction tests have varying degrees of success in their capacity to predict future events?
tests and measurements assist in the ________ of our preductions
most individuals need the proper motivation if they are to put forth their full effort
measurement and evaluation can be stimulating and challenging enough to increase individuals _______ levels
measurement and tests allow _________ to be evaluated
what must be established in order to objectively and accurately measure achievements?
a set of objectives must be established prior to testing
what is an example of achievement?
the number of foul shots made out of 10
program evaluation allows for what?
allows for the determination of whether a program has successfully achieved its objectives
what is program evaluation often related to?
the average of a population
refers to the consistency or repeatability of test scores, data, or observations
when is a test considered reliable?
if measurements are the same each time the test is administered to the same individual
the extent to which a test measures what is proposes to measure. a trait that is possessed by the instrument or test being used
with a dart board as an example: what would be the reliability? what would be the validity?
reliability: refers to the "clustering" or "spread" in reference to the placement of each dart thrown
validity: refers to the placement of each dart thrown relative to an established standard or intended target (distance from the 'bull's eye')
in order to be deemed valid, a test must be ______ and _______ and measure what is is supposed to measure
reliable and relevant
what is aerobic capacity a reflection of?
aerobic capacity is a reflection of an individuals cardiorespiratory endurance
what are the 2 ways aerobic capacity can be measured?
lab or field test
how is aerobic capacity measured in the lab?
measurement of VO2 max is achieved during a graded exercise test to exhaustion
how do field tests measure VO2 max?
using various calculations
aerobic capacity is estimated from the _________ or __________ following activity
heart rate response or recovery heart rate
________ of tests is crucial to the accuracy of field tests
list 5 field tests that measure aerobic capacity
1) 12- minute run-walk test
2) 1-mile run or walk test
3) 2400-metre endurance run
4) YMCA 3-minute step test
5) Queen's College step test
what are 2 ways to measure body composition?
1) YMCA skin fold test
2) circumference (girth) measurements
what are measurements of subcutaneous fat based on?
the relationship that exists between subcutaneous fat and total body fat
what are skin fold measurements made with
skin fold callipers
what does the sum of a set of skin folds indicate?
the relative degree of fatness of an individual
list 7 circumference sites
what are 2 ways to measure muscular strength?
1) grip dynometer
2) repetition maximum
grip dynamometer is used as an ______ strength test
grip dynamometer is used to measure the grip strength of _______
hand grip strength is correlated with what?
total body strength
what does one repetition maximum refer to?
the maximum amount of weight an individual can list just one time
values of one repetition maximum can be used from two different exercises...what are they?
bench press or leg press
how are strength measure made equitable across weight classes?
by dividing the 1 repetition maximum values by the subjects body weight
what are 2 fitness tests to measure muscular power?
1) standing long jump
2) vertical jump
what is another name for a vertical jump?
what are 4 fitness tests to measure muscular endurance?
1) YMCA 1 minute sit up test
2) pull ups or flexed arm hang
3) pull ups test
4) continuous burpee test
endurance refers to the ability of skeletal muscle to maintain tension or to execute repeated movements of submaximal resistance over time
true or false: not too many muscular endurance tests are practical
FALSE: most tests of muscular endurance are quite practical
what are 4 fitness tests to measure flexibility?
1) sit and reach test
2) bridge up test
3) hamstring looseness test
4) total body rotation test
refers to the range of motion about a joint
______ tends to be joint specific
is there a general test of flexibility?
no, because it tends to be joint specific
list 3 fitness tests that measure agility
1) burpee test
2) CAHPER shuttle run
3) hexagonal obstacle test
the physical ability that enables rapid and precise change of body position and direction