Flashcards in Chapter 19 - Physical Activity and Sport Issues Deck (77)
what is an example of modern sport being a reflection of our society?
winning at all costs
the study of the functioning of human society in various environments (e.g., workplace, church, school)
the study of the functioning of society within the modern sport environment
what are 7 important issues in sport?
1) Agression and Violence in sport
2) cheating in sport
3) gender and sport
4) race and ethnicity in sport
5) racism in sport
6) other victims discrimination
7) future sporting trends
what does violence in sport parallel?
the reality of violence in society as a whole
true or false: we see examples of societal violence watching the evening news but never watching sports news
FALSE: we see examples of societal violence watching the evening news, but sports news isnt much better
what is an example of violence in soccer?
2006: zinedin zidane head butts marco materazzi in world cup final
what is an example of violence in hockey?
2000: mart mcsorley knocs out donal brashear by slashing him in the head with his stick
what is an example of violence in basketball?
1995: vermon maxwell hits an abusive fan in the sands
what is an example of violence in baseball?
roger clemens throws the jagged piece of a broken bat at mike piazza
what are the 3 distinct components of aggressive behavior?
1) hostile aggression
2) instrumental aggression
3) assertive behaviour
what is the intent of all the hostile aggression and instrumental aggression components of aggressive behaviour?
to cause harm
what is the goal of hostile aggression?
to cause suffering
what is the goal of instrumental aggression?
to achieve some external reward
true or false: anger is usually involve in hostile agression
true or false: anger is usually involved in instrumental aggression
FALSE: no anger is involved in instrumental aggression
is hostile aggression performed inside or outside the rules of the game?
outside the rules of the game
is instrumental aggression performed inside or outside the rules of the game?
give an example of hostile aggression
fist fighting in hockey
give an example of instrumental aggression
aggressive checking meant to hurt the opponent
assertive behaviour is often confused with _______
in assertive behaviour there is an increased _____ and ____ expenditure
effort and energy
is there an intent to harm in assertive behaviour?
is there anger involved in assertive behaviour?
no anger involved
can assertive behaviour result in harm?
may result in harm, but any resultant harm is incidental to the game
give an example of assertive behaviour
assertive checking meant to show down the opponent
what are 5 causes of aggressive behaviour in sport?
1) parents and coaches
2) outcome of the contest and league standing
3) point spread
4) physical contact
5) fan reaction
what are 2 ways that parents can cause aggressive behaviour in sport?
1) through comments like "bob can really take care of himself"
2) by demonstrating interest in televised sporting event fights