Chapter 14 - The Mental Side of Human Performance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 - The Mental Side of Human Performance Deck (109)
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1

what is the chinese and greek civilizations history of sport psychology? (quotation)

"healthy mind in a healthy body"

2

when was the first sport psychology research done? what was researched?

1800s - the effects of audience on cyclist performance

3

what has been recognized and grown over the past 3 decades?

sport psychology discipline

4

what are the 2 reasons sport psychology has recently developed and grown?

1) expansion of scientific knowledge and emergence of different branches
2) increased media attention

5

personality

pattern of characteristic thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that distinguish one person from another and persist over time and situations

6

what 4 questions can the study of personality in sport psychology help us answer?

1) do athletes possess different personality characteristics than non-athletes?
2) do winners possess different personality profiles than losers?
3) does personality determine sport preference, or does a particular sport mould our personality accordingly?
4) can personality be changed, or does it remain relatively fixed throughout involvement in sport

7

compared to non-athletes, athletes are more...?

stable, extroverted, competitive, dominant, self-confident, achievement-oriented, psychologically well-adjusted, conservative with respect to political views, authoritarian, persistent, display higher levels of self-esteem

8

true or false: [about athletes vs non-athletes] although differences are known to exist, a clear pattern of differences has yet to emerge

true

9

personality traits

psychological characteristics of the athlete which remain relatively stable over time

10

personality states

"right now kind of feelings" which are situation-specific

11

state-trait controversy

disagreement of the relative merits of studying states versus traits

12

interactional theory

the best state-trait approach, which considers personality traits and states, as well as situation-specific factors

13

true or false: it is possible to distinguish between successful and unsuccessful athletes using personality traits

FALSE: it is NOT yet possible to distinguish between successful and unsuccessful athletes using personality traits

14

it is possible to distinguish between the elite athletes and the less skilled in terms of _______

mood states

15

mood states of elite athletes vs. lesser skilled athletes are lower in what 5 categories?

1) tension
2) depression
3) anger
4) fatigue
5) confusion

16

mood states of elite athletes vs. lesser skilled athletes are higher in what category?

vigor

17

iceberg profile

mood state profile that resembles an iceberg

18

are personality differences due to the athletic experience or do certain personality traits cause the individual to go out for sports (gravitational hypothesis)?

evidence tends to support the gravitational hypothesis, however, participation in sports can also enhance personality development

19

are athletes or non-athletes more extroverted, independent, self confident and less anxious?

athletes

20

true or false: elite athletes can be distinguished from lesser skilled athletes however winners and losers cannot be distinguished

true

21

how are elite athletes distinguished from lesser skilled athletes?

iceberg profile

22

true or false: sports can enhance personality traits, and personality traits can enhance sport

true

23

arousal

physiological state of readiness and psychological activation

24

what part of the nervous system does arousal involve?

autonomic nervous system

25

arousal is the bodys way of preparing us for what?

"fight or flight"

26

stress

non specific response of the body to any demand made upon it, unemotional bodily response to some type of stressor

27

true or false: stress can be only bad

FALSE: stress can be good or bad, depending upon the individuals personal interpretation

28

______ is positive stress (e.g., winning a lottery)

eustress

29

_____ is negative stress (e.g., receiving a failing grade on a midterm test)

distress

30

what are the 2 components of state anxiety?

1)cognitive state anxiety
2)somatic state anxiety