Chapter 2 - Human Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Human anatomy

The study of the structures of the human body and how those structures relate to each other

1

Structure determines ________

Function (the structures of the human body are well designed for efficient movement)

2

Anatomical position

-standing erect, facing forward, legs straight, palms forward, arms hanging at the sides, toes feet heels parallel to eachother
-the starting point for describing the human body
- universally accepted
-used in all anatomical descriptions and reference for movements

3

Lateral

Away from the midline of the body

4

Medial

Towards the midline of the body

5

Distal

Further from some specified point

6

Proximal

Closer to some specified point

7

Anterior

Front of or front of your body

8

Posterior

Behind or back of body

9

Superior

Above

10

Inferior

Below

11

Supine

Lying on your back like Doing a sit up

12

Prone

Lying face down like doing a push up

13

Median or sagittal plane

Vertical plane that bisects the body into right and left halves

14

Frontal plan3

A vertical plane that bisects the body into front and back

15

Transverse or horizontal plane

A horizontal plane that bisects the body into top and bottom

16

Flexion

Reduces the angle between two bones at a joint

17

Extension

Increases the angle between 2 bones at a joint

18

Abduction

Moving a segment away from the midline of the body

19

Adduction

Moving a segment towards the midline of the body

20

Circumduction

A come of movement that does not include any rotation

21

Rotation

Turning of a bone on its longitudinal axis

22

Medial rotation

Rotation towards the midline

23

Lateral rotation

Rotation away from the midline

24

Pronation

When the palm is moved to face posteriorly

25

Supination

When the palm is moved to face anterior my

26

Dorsiexion

Bringing the top of the foot toward the lower leg or shin

27

Plantar flexion

"Planting" the foot

28

Inversion

When the sole is turned inward

29

Eversion

When the sole is turned outward or away from the median plane of the body