Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Substance Use and Abuse Deck (45)
give 2 definitions of drugs
1)substances used as medications or in the preparation of medication
2) substances that cause addiction, habituation, or a marked change in consciousness
compulsive physiological need
tolerance to the drug effects
ingredients found in food that are processed to provide one or more micro and macronutrients
list 3 everyday drugs
list 5 places caffeine can be found
____-____mg of caffeine is not associated with adverse effects
400-450mg (2 cups of brewed coffee)
___mg IOC limit (~ 4-7 cups of brewed coffee)
what is the stimulant from caffeine?
what 3 things does CNS stimulant do?
1) increase alertness
2) increase fat burning
3) non-user side effects
list 6 non-user side effects of caffeine
5) elevated heart rate
6) high blood pressure
what kind of drug is alcohol?
true or false: alcohol has no ergogenic effect
12 ounces of beer = __ ounces of wine = __ ounces of hard liquer
5 ounces of wine, 1 ounce of hard liquer
what are 4 psychological effects of alcohol?
1) reduced tension
2) reduced anxiety
3) enhanced self-confidence
4) promotion of aggression
what are the 3 types of effects alcohol gives?
1) psychological effects
2) anti-tremor effects
3) negative side effects
what are 5 negative side effects produced by alcohol?
1) motor coordination
2) hand and eye coordination
3) reaction time
4) information processing
5) decision making
true or false: nicotine is a depressant
FALSE: nicotine is a stimulant
does nicotine have ergogenic effects?
true or false: nicotine is harmful and dangerous to almost ALL levels of body functioning
what does nicotine do to blood vessels?
decreases oxygen carrying capacity
what does nicotine do to the heart?
- restricts oxygen supply
- increases oxygen demand
- increases heart rate and blood pressure
what does nicotine do to the lungs (alveoli)?
alters blood and airflow
what does nicotine do to the skin?
______ is irritant and cardinogenic
what are the 6 types of illegal drugs?
4) anabolic steroids
what do stimulants and depressants affect?
what do hallucinogens affect?
perception and thought
what does anabolic steroids affect?