Chapter 13 - Substance Use and Abuse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Substance Use and Abuse Deck (45):
1

give 2 definitions of drugs

1)substances used as medications or in the preparation of medication
2) substances that cause addiction, habituation, or a marked change in consciousness

2

addiction

compulsive physiological need

3

habituation

tolerance to the drug effects

4

dietary supplements

ingredients found in food that are processed to provide one or more micro and macronutrients

5

list 3 everyday drugs

-caffeine
-nicotine
-alcohol

6

list 5 places caffeine can be found

1)coffee beans
2)tea leaves
3)cocoa beans
4)cola nuts
5)energy drinks

7

____-____mg of caffeine is not associated with adverse effects

400-450mg (2 cups of brewed coffee)

8

___mg IOC limit (~ 4-7 cups of brewed coffee)

12mg

9

what is the stimulant from caffeine?

CNS stimulant

10

what 3 things does CNS stimulant do?

1) increase alertness
2) increase fat burning
3) non-user side effects

11

list 6 non-user side effects of caffeine

1) insomnia
2) headaches
3) irritability
4) nervousness
5) elevated heart rate
6) high blood pressure

12

what kind of drug is alcohol?

depressant

13

true or false: alcohol has no ergogenic effect

true

14

12 ounces of beer = __ ounces of wine = __ ounces of hard liquer

5 ounces of wine, 1 ounce of hard liquer

15

what are 4 psychological effects of alcohol?

1) reduced tension
2) reduced anxiety
3) enhanced self-confidence
4) promotion of aggression

16

what are the 3 types of effects alcohol gives?

1) psychological effects
2) anti-tremor effects
3) negative side effects

17

what are 5 negative side effects produced by alcohol?

1) motor coordination
2) hand and eye coordination
3) reaction time
4) information processing
5) decision making

18

true or false: nicotine is a depressant

FALSE: nicotine is a stimulant

19

does nicotine have ergogenic effects?

no

20

true or false: nicotine is harmful and dangerous to almost ALL levels of body functioning

true

21

what does nicotine do to blood vessels?

decreases oxygen carrying capacity

22

what does nicotine do to the heart?

- restricts oxygen supply
- increases oxygen demand
- increases heart rate and blood pressure

23

what does nicotine do to the lungs (alveoli)?

alters blood and airflow

24

what does nicotine do to the skin?

decreases temperature

25

______ is irritant and cardinogenic

nicotine

26

what are the 6 types of illegal drugs?

1) stimulants
2) depressants
3) hallucinogens
4) anabolic steroids
5) opiates
6) cannabis

27

what do stimulants and depressants affect?

brain

28

what do hallucinogens affect?

perception and thought

29

what does anabolic steroids affect?

muscles

30

what do opiates affect?

sleep and pain

31

what are 4 examples of cannabis?

marijuana, hashish, hash oil, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

32

what are 3 examples of stimulants?

cocaine, crack, ecstasy

33

what are 3 examples of depressants?

barbiturates, anavar, dinnabol

34

give 3 examples of hallucinogens

LSD, PCP, mushrooms

35

give 3 examples of opiates

heroin, morphine and codine

36

what are the 3 effects from cannabis?

psychological, cognitive and physical

37

give 2 examples of psychological effects from cannabis

1) feelings of calm and relaxation
2) talkativeness

38

what are 4 cognitive effects of cannabis

1)impairs concentration
2)impairs short term memory
3)more vibrant sensory perception
4)alters sense of time and space

39

what are 5 physical effects of cannabis?

1)impairs coordination and balance
2)increases appetite
3)rapid heart rate
4)red eyes
5)dry mouth and throat

40

ergogenic aids

substances that enhance work output, particularly as it relates to athletic performance (include drugs and dietary supplements)

41

what are the 4 basic ergogenic mechanisms?

1)CNS stimulation
2)increase substrate storage
3)supplemental energy source
4)facilitation of recovery

42

what are athletes 2 beliefs about reasoning for supplementation?

1) ensures adequate micronutrient intake
2) "supercharging" elevates performance and training

43

what are the 3 scientific evidence for reasoning for supplementation?

1) ensures adequate micronutrient intake ONLY for those athletes who are deficient
2) not necessary for those who maintain well-balanced diet
3) "supercharging" maybe harmful to death

44

"super"

loading of muscle glycogen stores

45

increase in glycogen does what to endurance performance?

increases it