Chapter 16 - Movement Intelligence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Movement Intelligence Deck (70)
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1

movement intelligence

an aggregate or vast repertoire of movement experiences developed since birth

2

what does movement intelligence allow us to do?

produce endless variety of skills

3

true or false: the skills we posses are static elements

FALSE: the skills we posses are NOT static elements

4

the ability to _____ allows us to continually improve skills

learn

5

in order to gain benefits of any physical ability (PA), what is necessary to unlock your potential?

some degree or movement intelligence (MI) is necessary

6

motor programs

movement plans

7

when are motor programs developed?

when learning new skills

8

where are motor programs stored?

in memory

9

parameters

specify such things as the order of events, the overall duration of the event, the overall force needed to accomplish the movement, and temporal patterning

10

what are the 2 kinds of parameters?

stable and unstable

11

stable parameters

e.g., relative time and relative force applied in each stroke during table tennis

12

unstable parameters

e.g., speeding up the sequence of the movements and increasing overall force applied during forehand stroke

13

well established _________ form the basis for automatic and spontaneous movements in sports and require a little or no attention and mental effort

Generalized Motor Programs (GMP's)

14

Motor intelligence can be simply viewed as what?

a vast store of motor programs

15

true or false: motor programs cannot be observed directly BUT can be inferred by observing the skills and movement patterns

true

16

the larger the repertoire of motor programs, the larger the _________ and the more proficient we are in playing sports, because of the larger selection

motor intelligence store

17

motor intelligence is an active process; through practice we develop new _______ and ______

motor plans and skills

18

true or false: larger MI store = larger selection of motor programs = more skills and a greater sport proficiency

true

19

movement abilities

inherited, relatively enduring and stable traits which serve as the foundation stones for the development of motor programs

20

what does the quality and effectiveness of motor programs depend on?

the presence of underlying motor abilities

21

analogy

hypothetical model of links indicating abilities underlying performance in 2 skills, rowing and hockey

22

how many abilities are there?

26 identified by lab research and those yet to be identified

23

list 11 perceptual-motor abilities

1) controlled precision
2) multi-limb coordination
3) response orientation
4) reaction time
5) speed of arm movement
6) rate control
7) manual dexterity
8) finger dexterity
9) arm-hand steadiness
10) wrist-finger speed
11) aiming

24

list 11 physical proficiency abilities

1) explosive strength
2) static strength
3) dynamic strength
4) trunk strength
5) extent flexibility
6) dynamic flexibility
7) gross body equilibrium
8) balance with visual cues
9) speed of limb movement
10) gross body coordination
11) stamina

25

list 4 general coordination abilities

1) movement rate
2) motor timing
3) perceptual timing
4) force control

26

what are the 3 categories of movement abilities

1) perceptual-motor abilities
2) physical proficiency abilities
3) general coordination abilities

27

true or false: all individuals posses all movement abilities, albeit to varying degrees

true

28

true or false: many people have the same pattern of abilities

FALSE: no 2 persons have the same pattern of abilities

29

why do people excel at some activities, but are mediocre at others?

it all depends on the pattern of strengths and weaknesses of ones inherited motor abilities. having a low skill level at one activity does not mean having a low skill level in another activity

30

all around athletes

posses strong abilities that underlie the many sports in which they excel. they have more high end abilities than normal individuals and therefore excel in more sports