Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Movement Intelligence Deck (70)
an aggregate or vast repertoire of movement experiences developed since birth
what does movement intelligence allow us to do?
produce endless variety of skills
true or false: the skills we posses are static elements
FALSE: the skills we posses are NOT static elements
the ability to _____ allows us to continually improve skills
in order to gain benefits of any physical ability (PA), what is necessary to unlock your potential?
some degree or movement intelligence (MI) is necessary
when are motor programs developed?
when learning new skills
where are motor programs stored?
specify such things as the order of events, the overall duration of the event, the overall force needed to accomplish the movement, and temporal patterning
what are the 2 kinds of parameters?
stable and unstable
e.g., relative time and relative force applied in each stroke during table tennis
e.g., speeding up the sequence of the movements and increasing overall force applied during forehand stroke
well established _________ form the basis for automatic and spontaneous movements in sports and require a little or no attention and mental effort
Generalized Motor Programs (GMP's)
Motor intelligence can be simply viewed as what?
a vast store of motor programs
true or false: motor programs cannot be observed directly BUT can be inferred by observing the skills and movement patterns
the larger the repertoire of motor programs, the larger the _________ and the more proficient we are in playing sports, because of the larger selection
motor intelligence store
motor intelligence is an active process; through practice we develop new _______ and ______
motor plans and skills
true or false: larger MI store = larger selection of motor programs = more skills and a greater sport proficiency
inherited, relatively enduring and stable traits which serve as the foundation stones for the development of motor programs
what does the quality and effectiveness of motor programs depend on?
the presence of underlying motor abilities
hypothetical model of links indicating abilities underlying performance in 2 skills, rowing and hockey
how many abilities are there?
26 identified by lab research and those yet to be identified
list 11 perceptual-motor abilities
1) controlled precision
2) multi-limb coordination
3) response orientation
4) reaction time
5) speed of arm movement
6) rate control
7) manual dexterity
8) finger dexterity
9) arm-hand steadiness
10) wrist-finger speed
list 11 physical proficiency abilities
1) explosive strength
2) static strength
3) dynamic strength
4) trunk strength
5) extent flexibility
6) dynamic flexibility
7) gross body equilibrium
8) balance with visual cues
9) speed of limb movement
10) gross body coordination
list 4 general coordination abilities
1) movement rate
2) motor timing
3) perceptual timing
4) force control
what are the 3 categories of movement abilities
1) perceptual-motor abilities
2) physical proficiency abilities
3) general coordination abilities
true or false: all individuals posses all movement abilities, albeit to varying degrees
true or false: many people have the same pattern of abilities
FALSE: no 2 persons have the same pattern of abilities
why do people excel at some activities, but are mediocre at others?
it all depends on the pattern of strengths and weaknesses of ones inherited motor abilities. having a low skill level at one activity does not mean having a low skill level in another activity