Chapter 18- Motor Skills Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18- Motor Skills Deck (91)
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1

what 5 factors affect development of movement intelligence?

1)starting at young age
2)learning time
3)instructor
4)equipment
5)progression

2

true or false: it is good to start the learning process as early as the preschool years

true

3

basic skills

basis for other activities (walking, throwing, catching)

4

what is needed for skills to be effectively learned and maintained?

physical experience

5

a sufficient time must be allotted for participating in physical activities that enhance __________

movement skills

6

true or false: instructors, physical educators, and coaches must be properly trained and have experience with teaching PA

true

7

effectiveness of teaching movement skills is directly related to the quality of _______

equipment

8

right progression

teaching skills in an organized manner that makes skills easier to grasp and learn

9

what are the 3 general stages of motor learning?

1) cognitive or acquisition stage
2) associative or stabilization stage
3) autonomous or application stage

10

each of the 3 stages of motor learning consists of what 2 things?

- changes that occur as motor learning takes place
- important features unique to each stage

11

cognitive/acquisition stage begins when?

when task is first introduced

12

during cognitive/acquisition stage, the learned cognitively determines what 2 things?

1) what the particular skill involves
2) performance goals required to perform the skill

13

2 things about the instructions for cognitive/acquisition stage?

1) are verbally transmitted (verbal stage)
2) serve to convey the general concept of the skill

14

______ and _______ facilitate learning in cognitive/acquisition stage of motor learning?

self-talk and verbal reminders

15

what are the 3 performance outcomes of cognitive/acquisition stage?

1) slow
2) jerky
3) awkward

16

what is associative/stabilization stage focused on?

performing and refining the skill

17

what is concentration of associative/stabilization stage directed towards?

smaller details (e.g., timing)

18

what is the performance outcome of associative/stabilization stage?

controlled and consistent

19

are the performance improvements of stage 2 of motor learning slow or rapid?

rapid (though somewhat slower than first stage)

20

2 things about the performance of stage 3 (autonomous/application stage)

automatic and very proficient

21

what are the 2 performance improvements of autonomous/application stage?

- slow
- less obvious (e.g, reduced mental effort, improved style, reduced anxiety)

22

information feedback

the information that occurs as a result of a movement

23

true or false: all information is received during the movement

FALSE: some information is received during the movement and some is provided as a result of the movement

24

true or false: feedback is one of the weakest factors that controls the effectiveness of learning

FALSE: feedback is one of the strongest factors that controls the effectiveness of learning

25

intrinsic feedback

information that is provided as a natural consequence of performing an action

26

what are the 2 forms of intrinsic feedback?

1)knowledge of performance (arm extension when hitting the tennis ball)
2)knowledge of results (watching the tennis ball land in the opponents court)

27

extrinsic feedback

informaton that is provided to the learner by somebody else or some artificial means following a performance outcome

28

what kind of information does extrinsic feedback provide?

information above and beyond what is naturally available to the learned (augmented feedback)

29

true or false: extrinsic feedback can be controlled

true

30

knowledge of results

-information about the degree of success
-not effective when outcome is obvious
-important when outcome is less obvious