Chapter 10 - Muscular Tissue Flashcards Preview

KIN 260 > Chapter 10 - Muscular Tissue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Muscular Tissue Deck (193)
Loading flashcards...
151

the rectus sheaths form the ___ ___

linea alba

a connective tissue band extending from the xiphoid process to the pubic symphysis

152

Muscles of the Thorax that Assist in Breathing (3) 

1) diaphragm

2) external intercostals

3) internal intercostals

153

most important respiratory muscle

diaphragm

154

Muscles of the Pelvic Floor (3)

Levator Ani (pubococcygeus & iliococcygeus) 

Ischiococcygeus

155

the levator ani & ischiococcygeus together with the fascia covering their internal & external surfaces are referred to as the?

pelvic diaphragm

156

 a diamond-shaped area inferior to the pelvic diaphragm that extends from the pubic symphysis anteriorly, to the coccyx posteriorly, and to the ischial tuberosities laterally. 

perineum

157

(2) layers of perineal muscles

1) deep 

2) superficial

158

superficial perineal muscles (3) 

superficial transverse perineal

bulbospongiosus

ischiocavernosus 

159

Deep muscles of perineum (5) 

deep transverse perineal

external anal sphincter

compressor urethrae

sphincter urethrovaginalis

external anal sphincter

160

 deep muscles of the perineum assist in ?

urination and ejaculation in males and urination and compression of the vagina in females

161

    
 
Muscles of the Thorax that Move the Pectoral Girdle 

(2) groups

1) anterior thoracic muscles

2) posterior thoracic muscles

162

1) anterior thoracic muscles

 

subclavius

pectoralis minor

serratus anterior

163

2) posterior thoracic muscles (4) 

trapezius 

levator scapulae 

rhomboid major 

rhomboid minor 

164

Axial muscles that move humerus (2) 

pectoralis major

latissimus dorsi

165

scapular muscles that move humerus (7) 

deltoid

subscapularis

supraspinatus

infraspinatus

teres major 

teres minor

corachobrachialis

166

7 of 9 muscles that cross shoulder joint originate on the scapula except...

this is why they are called axial muscles

latissimus dorsi & pectoralis major

167

(4) deep muscles of shoulder form the rotator cuff 

subscapularis 

supraspinatus

infraspinatus

teres minor

168

forearm flexors

biceps brachii

brachialis

brachioradialis

169

forearm extensors (2) 

triceps brachii

anconeus

170

forearm pronators

pronator teres 

pronator quadratus

171

forearm supinator 

supinator

172

Muscles of forearm (move wrist, hand thumb & digits) 

(2) groups (2 in each) 

anterior (flexor) - superior & deep

posterior (extensor) - superior & deep

173

superficial anterior (flexor) compartment

flexor carpi radialis

palmaris longus

flexor carpi ulnaris 

flexor digitorum superficialis

 

174

deep anterior (flexor) compartment

flexor pollicis longus

flexor digitorum profundus

175

superficial posterior (extensor) compartment

extensor carpi radialis long

extensor carpi radialis brevis 

extensor digitorum

extensor digitorum minimi

extensor carpi ulnaris 

176

deep posterior (extensor) compartment

abductor pollicis longus

extensor pollicis longus

extensor pollicis brevis

extensor indicis

177

Intrinsic muscles of the hand (palm) (move digits)

(3) groups

thenar (lateral)

hypothenar (medial) 

intermediate (midpalmar) 

178

thenar eminance formed by?

thenar muscles + adductor pollicis

179

thenar (lateral aspect of palm) muscles 

abductor pollicis brevis

opponens pollicis

flexor pollicis brevis

adductor pollicis

 

180

hypothenar (medial aspect of palm) muscles

abductor digiti minimi 

flexor digiti minimi brevis

opponens digiti minimi