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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Quiz Deck (37)
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What is reapportionment

The assigning by Congress of congressional seats after each census. State legislators reapportion state legislative districts


What is redistricting

Read drawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census to accommodate population shifts to keep districts as equal as possible and population


What is gerrymandering

The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party group or incident


What are the two types of gerrymandering

Cracking and packing


What is cracking

A type of gerrymandering which the majority party uses to break a stronger minority party district line into pieces to be merged with other districts thereby reducing the minority party strength in that one district


What is packing

A type of gerrymandering which merges pieces of the majority party in its weak districts into a single strong district


What is safe seat

An elected official that is predictably one by one party or the other so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted


What is incubate

The current holder of elected office


What are earmarks

Special spending projects that are set aside on behalf of individual members of Congress for the constituents


What is bicameralism

The principle of the two house legislator


What is enumerated powers

The powers explicitly given to Congress in the constitution


What is the speaker

The receding officer in the House of Representatives, formally elected by the house but selected by the majority party


What is the party caucus

A meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leaders and to develop a party policy


What is the majority leader

Legislative leader selected by the majority party who helps plan party strategy, confers with other party leaders and tries to keep members of the party in line


Minority leader

The legislative leader selected by the minority party as a spokesperson for the opposition



The party leader who is the liaison between the leadership and the rank and file in the legislator


Closed rule

A procedural rules in the house of representatives that prohibits any amendments to bills or provides that only members of the committee reporting to build the offer amendments


Open rule

A procedural rules in the house of representatives that permits floor amendments with in the overall time allocated to the bill


President pro tem

An officer of the senate selected by the majority party to act as a chair in the absence of the vice president



The procedural practice in the Senate whereby a Saturday refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby Delies proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue



A procedure for terminating debate, especially filibusters, in the Senate


Standing committee

A permanent committee established in a legislator usually focusing on a policy area


Special or select committee

A congressional committee created for a specific purpose sometimes to conduct an investigation


Joint committee

A committee composed of members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate: such committees oversee the Library of Congress and conduct investigations


Seniority rule

Legislative practice that assigns the chair of the committee or subcommittee to the member of the majority party with the longest continuous service on the committee


Conference committee

A committee appointed by the proceeding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each in different form



Modifications or adding amendments to its version of the bill


Discharge petition

A petition that if signed by a majority of the members of the House of Representatives will try a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration



A provision attached to a bill to which it may or may not be related in order to secure its passage or defeat


Pocket veto

A veto exercised by the president after Congress has a Jorn: if the president takes no action for 10 days the bill does not become law and it is not returned to Congress for a possible override