Chapter 10 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Quiz Deck (37):
1

What is reapportionment

The assigning by Congress of congressional seats after each census. State legislators reapportion state legislative districts

2

What is redistricting

Read drawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census to accommodate population shifts to keep districts as equal as possible and population

3

What is gerrymandering

The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party group or incident

4

What are the two types of gerrymandering

Cracking and packing

5

What is cracking

A type of gerrymandering which the majority party uses to break a stronger minority party district line into pieces to be merged with other districts thereby reducing the minority party strength in that one district

6

What is packing

A type of gerrymandering which merges pieces of the majority party in its weak districts into a single strong district

7

What is safe seat

An elected official that is predictably one by one party or the other so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted

8

What is incubate

The current holder of elected office

9

What are earmarks

Special spending projects that are set aside on behalf of individual members of Congress for the constituents

10

What is bicameralism

The principle of the two house legislator

11

What is enumerated powers

The powers explicitly given to Congress in the constitution

12

What is the speaker

The receding officer in the House of Representatives, formally elected by the house but selected by the majority party

13

What is the party caucus

A meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leaders and to develop a party policy

14

What is the majority leader

Legislative leader selected by the majority party who helps plan party strategy, confers with other party leaders and tries to keep members of the party in line

15

Minority leader

The legislative leader selected by the minority party as a spokesperson for the opposition

16

Whip

The party leader who is the liaison between the leadership and the rank and file in the legislator

17

Closed rule

A procedural rules in the house of representatives that prohibits any amendments to bills or provides that only members of the committee reporting to build the offer amendments

18

Open rule

A procedural rules in the house of representatives that permits floor amendments with in the overall time allocated to the bill

19

President pro tem

An officer of the senate selected by the majority party to act as a chair in the absence of the vice president

20

Filibuster

The procedural practice in the Senate whereby a Saturday refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby Delies proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue

21

Cloture

A procedure for terminating debate, especially filibusters, in the Senate

22

Standing committee

A permanent committee established in a legislator usually focusing on a policy area

23

Special or select committee

A congressional committee created for a specific purpose sometimes to conduct an investigation

24

Joint committee

A committee composed of members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate: such committees oversee the Library of Congress and conduct investigations

25

Seniority rule

Legislative practice that assigns the chair of the committee or subcommittee to the member of the majority party with the longest continuous service on the committee

26

Conference committee

A committee appointed by the proceeding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each in different form

27

Markup

Modifications or adding amendments to its version of the bill

28

Discharge petition

A petition that if signed by a majority of the members of the House of Representatives will try a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration

29

Rider

A provision attached to a bill to which it may or may not be related in order to secure its passage or defeat

30

Pocket veto

A veto exercised by the president after Congress has a Jorn: if the president takes no action for 10 days the bill does not become law and it is not returned to Congress for a possible override

31

Override

And action taken by Congress to reverse a presidential veto requiring a two thirds majority in each member

32

Delegate

An official who is expected to represent the views of his or her constituents even when personally holding different views; one interpretation of the role of legislator

33

Trustee

And official who is expected to vote independently based on his or her judgment of the circumstances: one interpretation of the role of the legislator

34

Logrolling

Mutual aid and vote trading among legislators

35

Attentive public

Citizens who follow public affairs closely

36

Polarization

The extent to which liberals and conservatives occupied the more extreme positions on the liberal conservative ideological spectrum

37

What is a constituent

The residents of a congressional district or state