Chapter 7 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Quiz Deck (31):
1

Attitudes

Individuals propensity to perceive interpret or act toward a particular object in a particular way

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Selective exposure

Individuals choosing to access media with which they agree or avoiding media which with they disagree

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Deliberation

The idea of people coming together, listening to each other, exchanging ideas, learning to appreciate each other's differences, and defending their opinions

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Social capital

The value of social contacts, associations, and network individuals form which can foster trust coordination and corporation

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Attentive public

Citizens who follow public affairs carefully

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Public opinion

The distribution of individual preferences for or evaluations of a given issue candidate or institution within specific population

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Random sample

This type of sample, every individual has a known and equal chance of being selected

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Margin of error

The range of percentage points in which the sample accurately reflects the population

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Universe

The group of people whose preferences we try to measure by taking a sampl; also called population

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Intensity

A measure of how strongly an individual hold a particular opinion

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Latency

Political opinions that are held but not yet expressed

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Manifest opinion

And widely shared and consciously help you, such as support for abortion rights for for Homeland security

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Salience

I'm individuals belief that an issue is important or relevant to him or her

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Political ideology

The constant pattern of ideas or beliefs about political values in the role of government, including how it works and how it actually does work

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Liberalism

A belief that government can bring about justice and equality of opportunity

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Conservatism

A belief in private property rights and free enterprise

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Social conservatives

Focus less on economics and more on morality and lifestyle

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Socialism

A governmental system where some of the means of production are controlled by the state and where the state provides key human welfare services like healthcare and old age assistance. Allows for free markets in other activities

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Communism

A belief that the state owns property in common for all people and a single political party that represents the working class controls the government

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Libertarianism

Would limit government such a vital activities as national defense while fostering individual liberty. Unlike conservatives, libertarian suppose all governmental regulation even of personal morality

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Voter registration

A system designed to reduce voter fraud by limiting voting to those who have established eligibility to vote by submitting the proper documents, including proof of residency

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General election

Election in which voters elect officeholders

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Primary election

Election in which voters determine party nominees

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Presidential election

Election held in the year when the president is on the ballot

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Midterm election

Election held midway between presidential elections

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Turn out

The proportion of the voting age public that votes, sometimes defined as the number of registered voters that boat

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Party identification

And informal and subjective affiliation with a political party that most people acquire in childhood

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Candidate appeal

How borders feel about a candidates background personality leadership ability and other personal qualities

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Prospective issue voting

Voting based on what a candidate pledges to do in the future about an issue if elected

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Retrospective issue voting

Holding incumbents usually the presidents party, responsible for their records on issues such as economy or foreign-policy

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Political Socialization

The process most notably in families and schools by which we develop our political attitudes values and beliefs