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Flashcards in Due process 4 Deck (25)
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Suspect classifications

Classifications of people on the basis of their race or ethnic city


Strict scrutiny

The Supreme Court test to see if a law denies equal protection because it does not serve a compelling state interest and is not nearly Taylor to achieve that goal


Plessy versus Ferguson

Upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of separate but equal


Brown versus Board of Education

Court declared state laws astonishing separate public schools for black-and-white students to be unconstitutional


Swan versus Charlotte Mecklenburg

Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools. Court held that busing was an appropriate remedy for the problem of racial imbalance in schools, even when the inbounds resulted from the selection of students based on geographic proximity to the school rather than the deliberate assignment based on race.- defacto segregation


What was busing

The practice of assigning and transporting students to schools in such a manner as to redress prior racial segregation of schools or to overcome the effects of residential segregation on local school demographics


What is de facto Segregatiln

Rasul segregation especially in public schools that happens by facts rather than by legal requirement. For example often the concentration of African-Americans in certain neighborhoods produces neighborhood schools that are predominantly black or segregated in fact


What is de jure

Segregation bylaw


United States versus Virginia

Supreme Court of the United States struck down the Virginia military Institute's long-standing mail only policy because the girl school wasn't entirely equal and they had to admit women


Affirmative action

Prefers to admission policies that provide equal access to education for those groups that have been historically excluded or underrepresented such as women and minorities


Bob Jones University versus US

Court found that the IRS was correct in its decision to rebook the tax exempt status of Bob Jones University because these institutions did not meet the requirement by providing beneficial and stabilizing influence is in community life to be supported by taxpayers. And because of their discriminatory policies

Not all burdens on religion or unconstitutional


university of California versus Bakke

Or 16 spots set aside for my Nordie's butt back he got better grades so he complained about reverse racism
Court upheld that race can be a factor in college administration but can't solicit specific spots for minorities


Grutter v bollinger

Upheld affirmative action can't use a point system to record minorities Race is a factor but not the only factor


PGA tour versus Martin

Supreme Court ruled that they have to let him play because they opened up the torch the public therefore they have to permit equal opportunity


Shelley versus Kramer

Can deny selling to blacks but it's an enforceable


Koremetsu v Us

Allowed to throw the Japanese into camps because during war rights can be suspended


Westbury versus sanders

Every district has to be roughly the same size on a federal level


Shaw versus Reno

Court said that redistricting cannot be solely based on race it has to have other factors involved


Loving versus Virginia

Virginia law to arrest and jail interracial marriage violated the 14th amendment


Civil rights

The right of people to be treated without unreasonable or unconstitutional differences


Civil disobedience

Opposing a long one considers unjust my peacefully disobeying it and excepting the resultant punishment


Police powers

State powers to affect laws promoting health safety and morals


Equality of result

Making certain that people achieve the same result


Reverse discrimination

Using race or sex to give preferential treatment to some people


Equality of opportunity

Giving people an equal chance to succeed