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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (45)
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Electoral college

Electoral system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledge to cast their ballots for a particular party's candidates


Preesidential ticket

The joint listening of the presidential and vice presidential candidates on the same ballot, as required by the 12th amendment


The vesting clause

The presidents constitutional authority to control most executive functions



A formal public agreement between the United States and one or more nations that must be approved by two thirds of the Senate


Executive agreement

A formal agreement between the US president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval


Congressional executive agreement

A formal agreement between the US president and the leaders of other nations that requires approval by both house of Congress


Recess appointment

Presidential appointment made without Senate confirmation during senate recess



A formal decision to reject a bill passed by Congress


Pocket veto

A formal decision to reject a bill passed by Congres after it adjourns – if Congress adjourns during the 10 days that the president is allowed to sign or veto a law the president can reject the law by taking no action at all


Take care clause

The constitutional requirement that presidents take care that the laws are faithfully executed even if they disagree with the purpose of those laws


Inherent powers

Powers that grow out of the very existence of government


State of the Union address

The presidents annual statement to Congress and the nation


Signing statement

A formal document that explains why is president is signing a particular bill into law. The statements may contain objections to the bill and promises not to implement key sections


The power to inform and convene Congress

Presidents are required from time to time to give the congress information of the state of the union and recommend to their considerations such measures as he shall judge necessary



A formal accusation against the president or another public official: the first step and removal from office


War Powers resolution

A resolution passed in 1973 requiring the president to give advance warnings of a military attack or asked Congress for a declaration of war or specific legislation


Executive privilege

The right to keep executive communications confidential especially if they relate to national security


Executive orders

Formal orders to government or an agency or agencies as a whole that carry the force of law issued by the president to direct action by the federal bureaucracy


Executive memorandum

A less powerful formal order to an agency or agencies that does not carry the force of law to undertake a particular course of action



A decision by the president not to spend money appropriated by Congress, now prohibited under federal law


Line item veto

Presidential power to strike or remove specific items from the spending bill without me telling the entire package declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court


Chief of staff

The head of the White House staff


Executive office of the president EOP

The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his or her responsibilities. Currently the office includes the office of management and budget, the Council of economic advisers, and several other units.


Office of management and budget

Hey presidential staff agency that serves as a clearinghouse for a budget requests and management improvements for government agencies



The advisory Council for the president consisting of the heads of the executive departments the vice President and if you other officials elected by the president


Presidential support score

The percentage of times a president wins on the key votes in Congress



The presidents claim of broad public support


Political capital

Amount of overall public approval that a president can use to win support for major decisions and proposals


Rally point

A rise in public approval of the president that follows a crisis as America rally around the flag and the chief executive


Parliamentary government

A form of government in which the chief executive is the leader of the majority party in the legislator