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Flashcards in AP NSL exam Deck (65)
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1

What are the powers of the Supreme Court

Judicial review preside over impeachment trials of the president hear cases on appeal from state courts decide cases driving from original jurisdiction

2

What is horse race

He tells us who is ahead in the polls at any given time

3

What is a working definition of government

Those institutions that create public policy

4

What government does through politics results in

Public policy

5

Introduction to the constitution included:

The establishment of a more perfect union
The establishment of justice
The insurance of domestic tranquility
The promotion of general where welfare
The security of individual liberty

6

What are factors that come into play in the eventual success or failure of a candidate

How do voters perceive the candidates position on issues, the way people feel about the party, the comfort level of the voter in relation to the candidate and the party, as well as the influence the media have on the election

7

once the constitution was ratified, which two parties evolved and what did they support

1. The Federalist Party, headed by Alexander Hamilton and made up of the countries upper-class, supporting a strong national government which appealed to business interests such as menu factoring in trade. It believed in loose construction or a liberal interpretation of the Constitution
2. The Democratic – Republican's led by Thomas Jefferson which was characterized as the party of the common man it believed in a more limited role of the central government and was considered to be the strict constructionist which is characterized by a belief in the conservative interpretation of the Constitution. It consisted of farmers merchants and the middle class of American society

8

What was the tea party

The modern-day tea party consists of its founders, Republicans who served in the House of Representatives and a grassroots movement of people who believed in less government lower taxes and lower government spending and has one of their battle cries taking the government back

9

What is a linkage institution and examples

The means by which individuals can express preferences regarding the development of public policy and example are political parties special interest groups in the media

10

What is considered the fourth branch of the government

Development and growth of bureaucracies because it has independent regulatory power and is connected directly and indirectly to the federal government itself

11

What kind of government did the framers intend to have

Representative

12

What are the amendments about suffrage

Creating direct election of Senators, voting rights for freed slaves, women, 18-year-olds, elimination of pull taxes, and legislation such as the voting rights bill

13

What were the two sides on passing legislation that would have passed voter identification laws and limiting early voting opportunities

One side said these measures would prevent voter fraud and the opponents said that these policies are voter oppression

14

What is gridlock

If there is a Democratic president who is having difficulty achieving legislative agenda because there's a divided Congress and then a Republican Congress

15

What is Pluralism

It involves different groups all vying for control over the policy agenda. No single group emerges, forcing the groups to compromise. A centrist position is achieved

16

What is a direct democracy

A form of democracy in which people decide policy initiatives directly

17

What is representative democracy

Also known as a republic is a system in which we choose representatives to go to the seat of our government and make laws in our behalf

18

What principle is most fundamental to Democratic theory

Free elections and universal suffrage

19

Why doesn't the right to property contribute to an enlightened understanding of the electorate

The right to property is guaranteed by the Constitution does not directly contribute to an enlightened understanding

20

Which group believes that bargaining and compromise our sensual to a democracy

Pluralist

21

Which theory contends that our society is divided along class lines and that a narrow upper-class strata rules regardless of the formal organization of government

Elite

22

Which principle describes a philosophy of the Federalist party

Federalists believe in a loose construction of the constitution

23

Name two differences between liberal and conservative's

The first is that liberals do not want to give up on personal freedom in the name of person preserving order. They do not want the government telling them what they can and cannot do while conservatives state that it is the government primary duty to preserve their social order even if certain personal freedoms are sacrificed in the process

The second her friends relates to the bounce between freedom and economic equality. Liberals feel that government has a responsibility to promote economic and social equality among people while conservatives in brace a policy of personal freedom and they want individuals to decide whether not to redistribute his own wealth

24

What are the major parts of the declaration of independence

Philosophical basis: using locks philosophy the declaration of independence establishes unreliable rights as the cornerstone of natural rights. As a consequence of these rights governments are formed receiving their powers from the consent of the governed

The grievances
Makes the case against Great Britain like taxation without representation unjust trials ordering a British soldiers abolition of colonial colonial assemblies
Statement of separation
The American desire for freedom

25

What were the compromises reached at the Constitutional convention

Voting, representation, slavery, and trade

26

What did the New Jersey plan state

Insisted that each state should have equal representation

27

Was the Virginia plan

Argue that a legislator based on population would be more equitable

28

Was the Connecticut compromise

Also known as the great compromise, resulted in the formation of bicameral two house Congress one house is represented equally by the states the Senate and the other house is represented by the population in the House of Representatives

29

What was the 3/5 compromise

Every five slaves would count as three people for representation on tax purposes

30

What was the last major compromise that dealt with tariffs

They agreed to tax only imports