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Flashcards in AP NSL exam Deck (65):
1

What are the powers of the Supreme Court

Judicial review preside over impeachment trials of the president hear cases on appeal from state courts decide cases driving from original jurisdiction

2

What is horse race

He tells us who is ahead in the polls at any given time

3

What is a working definition of government

Those institutions that create public policy

4

What government does through politics results in

Public policy

5

Introduction to the constitution included:

The establishment of a more perfect union
The establishment of justice
The insurance of domestic tranquility
The promotion of general where welfare
The security of individual liberty

6

What are factors that come into play in the eventual success or failure of a candidate

How do voters perceive the candidates position on issues, the way people feel about the party, the comfort level of the voter in relation to the candidate and the party, as well as the influence the media have on the election

7

once the constitution was ratified, which two parties evolved and what did they support

1. The Federalist Party, headed by Alexander Hamilton and made up of the countries upper-class, supporting a strong national government which appealed to business interests such as menu factoring in trade. It believed in loose construction or a liberal interpretation of the Constitution
2. The Democratic – Republican's led by Thomas Jefferson which was characterized as the party of the common man it believed in a more limited role of the central government and was considered to be the strict constructionist which is characterized by a belief in the conservative interpretation of the Constitution. It consisted of farmers merchants and the middle class of American society

8

What was the tea party

The modern-day tea party consists of its founders, Republicans who served in the House of Representatives and a grassroots movement of people who believed in less government lower taxes and lower government spending and has one of their battle cries taking the government back

9

What is a linkage institution and examples

The means by which individuals can express preferences regarding the development of public policy and example are political parties special interest groups in the media

10

What is considered the fourth branch of the government

Development and growth of bureaucracies because it has independent regulatory power and is connected directly and indirectly to the federal government itself

11

What kind of government did the framers intend to have

Representative

12

What are the amendments about suffrage

Creating direct election of Senators, voting rights for freed slaves, women, 18-year-olds, elimination of pull taxes, and legislation such as the voting rights bill

13

What were the two sides on passing legislation that would have passed voter identification laws and limiting early voting opportunities

One side said these measures would prevent voter fraud and the opponents said that these policies are voter oppression

14

What is gridlock

If there is a Democratic president who is having difficulty achieving legislative agenda because there's a divided Congress and then a Republican Congress

15

What is Pluralism

It involves different groups all vying for control over the policy agenda. No single group emerges, forcing the groups to compromise. A centrist position is achieved

16

What is a direct democracy

A form of democracy in which people decide policy initiatives directly

17

What is representative democracy

Also known as a republic is a system in which we choose representatives to go to the seat of our government and make laws in our behalf

18

What principle is most fundamental to Democratic theory

Free elections and universal suffrage

19

Why doesn't the right to property contribute to an enlightened understanding of the electorate

The right to property is guaranteed by the Constitution does not directly contribute to an enlightened understanding

20

Which group believes that bargaining and compromise our sensual to a democracy

Pluralist

21

Which theory contends that our society is divided along class lines and that a narrow upper-class strata rules regardless of the formal organization of government

Elite

22

Which principle describes a philosophy of the Federalist party

Federalists believe in a loose construction of the constitution

23

Name two differences between liberal and conservative's

The first is that liberals do not want to give up on personal freedom in the name of person preserving order. They do not want the government telling them what they can and cannot do while conservatives state that it is the government primary duty to preserve their social order even if certain personal freedoms are sacrificed in the process

The second her friends relates to the bounce between freedom and economic equality. Liberals feel that government has a responsibility to promote economic and social equality among people while conservatives in brace a policy of personal freedom and they want individuals to decide whether not to redistribute his own wealth

24

What are the major parts of the declaration of independence

Philosophical basis: using locks philosophy the declaration of independence establishes unreliable rights as the cornerstone of natural rights. As a consequence of these rights governments are formed receiving their powers from the consent of the governed

The grievances
Makes the case against Great Britain like taxation without representation unjust trials ordering a British soldiers abolition of colonial colonial assemblies
Statement of separation
The American desire for freedom

25

What were the compromises reached at the Constitutional convention

Voting, representation, slavery, and trade

26

What did the New Jersey plan state

Insisted that each state should have equal representation

27

Was the Virginia plan

Argue that a legislator based on population would be more equitable

28

Was the Connecticut compromise

Also known as the great compromise, resulted in the formation of bicameral two house Congress one house is represented equally by the states the Senate and the other house is represented by the population in the House of Representatives

29

What was the 3/5 compromise

Every five slaves would count as three people for representation on tax purposes

30

What was the last major compromise that dealt with tariffs

They agreed to tax only imports

31

What powers were given to Congress

The power to tax, regulate interstate and foreign commerce, create a Bible national currency, and the elastic clause which allowed them to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out the stated powers of Congress

32

John Locke second treaties of civil government advocates what

Natural rights

33

When the articles of Confederation were adopted the nations major concern was dominated by what

Economic issues

34

Which of the following documents represents the first adopted Constitution for the United States

Articles of confederation

35

Which of the following statements in the Federalist papers refers to the most common and durable source a faction

The unequal distribution of property

36

Madison believe that in order to prevent a Tierney of the majority in the new government should include all of the following

Creating political institutions that could function with consent of the majority
Creating different branches of government with distinctive in separate powers
System of checks and balances
Limiting the ability of electorate to vote directly for government officials except members of the house

37

Which of the following documents created a compromise that led to the formation of the bicameral legislator

Connecticut compromise

38

Federalist believe that a nation dominated by factions would lead to

Tyranny of the majority

39

Define federalism

The delicate relationship between the states and federal government

40

What are the major factors that created long Jevity of the constitution

Separation of powers of each branch of government checks and balances including a recognition that a simple majority vote may not be enough of a check a built in elastic clause as part of Congress is power reserved powers clause giving state power not delegated to the national government rights guaranteed to citizens precedents and traditions creating an unwritten constitution judicial review growing out of an interpretation of the power of the Supreme Court in amending process which is flexible enough to allow for change even though it involves more than a majority The inherent powers of the president

41

Name two problems of the Congress

1. The publics view of Congress has continued to deteriorate but when people voted in the 2014 midterm election a majority of people indicated they would have voted for the incumbent.

2. Dealing with the organization of Congress in term limitations with the state and post term limits were unconstitutional

42

Marbury versus Madison

Established judicial review

43

How many members of the House of Representatives made up of

For your 35 members based on the census taken every 10 years

44

Who initiates the process of impeachment

House of representatives

45

Who tries the president during impeachment

Senate

46

Delegated powers of Congress

Collect taxes pay debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare
Borrow money
Regulate commerce among the states and with in foreign countries
Establish uniform laws dealing with immigration and utilization and bankruptcies
Coin money
Make laws regarding the punishment for counterfeiting
Establish post offices
Make copyright laws
Establish federal courts in addition to the Supreme Court
Define and punish piracy
Declare war
Raise and support army and navy
Reata National Guard

47

Specific powers given to the president

The power to act as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
The ability to obtain information from members of the executive branch
The power to grant pardons
The power to make treaties with the consent of the Senate
The power to appoint ambassadors justices and other officials with the advice and consent of the Senate
How are to signed legislation or veto legislation
Duty to give Congress a state of the union report
Power to call special sessions of the Congress
You hair and power of the president

48

How to amend the constitution

The most common requires a two thirds vote in both houses of Congress and ratification in three fourths of the state legislators

The second method is when Congress must call for a national constitutional convention after a request is made by two thirds of the state legislators then either three fourths of the state legislators must ratify the amendment or three fourths of ratifying conventions held in the state must approve it

49

The question of the constitutionality of a term limit for legislators imposed by a state constitution is based on which of the following arguments

The fact that the Constitution sets the qualifications for congressman

50

Setting up the First National Bank of the United States is considered what kind of power of Congress

Enumerated

51

Which election is an example of a shift in party realignment

The election of 1980 and they shift of blue color Democrats to Reagan

52

Vantages of the federal system over a unitary system and confederations

There is a distinctive line drawn between what is in the purview of the central government versus what local governments are concerned with

53

What happened in 1789 on the federalism timeline

Duel or layer cake federalism

54

What happened in 1865 of the federalism timeline

Dual sovereignty

55

What happened in 1932 in the federalism timeline

Marble cake federalism under FDR's new deal

56

What happened in 1964 under federalism

Creative federalism under Lyndon B. Johnson
Great society

57

What happened in 1968 in the federalism timeline

New federalism under Nixon
Fiscal federalism
Revenue share
Unfunded mandate

58

1980 federalism timeline

New federalism under Reagan
Fiscal Federalism
Grants

59

What happened in 1994 of the federalism timeline

Devolution republican revolution the contract with America

60

2004 federalism timeline

Devolution George W. Bush Social Security reform tax reform

61

2008 to 2012 federalism timeline

Regulation Brock Obama thanks housing Wall Street

62

Powers given to the federal government

To declare war coin money immigration to sign treaties to a point ambassadors to interpret laws interstate commerce

63

Shared powers of state and federal government

To tax to create courts to create laws for the general welfare

64

Powers reserved to the states

To pass laws health education police marriage garbage voting requirements

65

Revenue sharing

Gives money directly to the states with no strings attached