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An election in which candidates are not selected for endorsed by political party and party is not listed



Dispensing of government jobs to persons who belong to the winning political party



. At the beginning of a new president's term during which the president enjoys generally positive relations with the press and usually lasting about six months



A meeting of party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide the platform


Party convention

A meeting of party delegates to vote on matters of policy and, in some cases, to select party candidates for public office


Direct primary

And election in which voters choose party nominees


Open primary

He primary election in which any voter regardless of party may vote


Crossover voting

Voting by a member of one party for a candidate of another party


Closed primary

A primary election in which a person is registered in the party holding the primary May vote


Minor party

A small political party that persists overtime that is often composed of ideologies on the right or left, or centered on a charismatic candidate. Such a party is also called a third-party


Proportional representation

And elections system in which each party running received a portion of legislative seats corresponding to a portion of the vote


Winner take all system

An election system in which the candidate with the most vote wins


Realigning election

An election during periods of expanded suffrage and change the economy and society that proves to be a turning point, redefining the agenda of politics and yhe alignment of Voters within parties


Divided government

Governance divided between the parties, as when one holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress


National party convention

A national meeting of delegates selected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who ads me once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules



Every four years the political parties draft a document stating the policy positions of the party this party platform details general party wide issues stances . The process sometimes engenders disputes among fellow partisans what is rarely an election issue and Austin is written to avoid controversy


Party registration

The act of declaring party affiliation required by some states when one registers to vote


Party identification

And affiliation with a political party that most people acquire a child. The best predictor of voting behavior in partisan candidate elections



Weakening of partisan preferences that point to a rejection of both major parties and a rise in the number of independence


Soft money

Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for party billing purposes. Now largely illegal except for a limited contributions to state or local parties for voter registration and get out the vote efforts


Party independent expenditures

Spending by political party committees that is independent of the candidate. The spending occurs in relatively few competitive contests and is often substantial


Hard money

Political contributions given to a party candidate or interest group that are limited in amount and fully disclosed. Raising such limited funds was harder than raising unlimited soft money hence the term hard money


Political party

An organization that seeks political power by electing people to office so that its positions and philosophy become public policy