Chapter 12: Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12: Medical Terminology Deck (54):
1

Seizures and stroke are examples of what type of medical emergency?

neurologic

2

Your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries or illness is called the:

index of suspicion

3

You should form your general impression of the patient during the:

primary assessment

4

What mnemonic is used to evaluate a patient's pain?

OPQRSTU

5

Salmonella is an example of what type of organism?

bacteria

6

Jaundice is a symptom of what disease?

hepatitis

7

Which of the following is not usually considered a medical emergency?
a. respiratory emergencies
b. cardiovascular emergencies
c. psychiatric emergencies
d. falls

d. falls

8

What underlying factor may complicate a patient's chief complaint?
a. tobacco
b. alcohol
c. caffeine
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

9

It may be appropriate to place a mask on the patient if you suspect her or she is suffering from:

pertussis

10

The "M" in SAMPLE history stands for:

medications

11

____ involves injuries resulting from physical force applied to the body

trauma emergency

12

_______ is when an illness or condition is caused by disease

medical emergency

13

respiratory, CV, neurologic, and endocrine emergencies are types of

medical emergencies

14

____ emergencies occur when the individual has trouble breathing or the amount of oxygen to the tissues is inadequate

respiratory

15

____ emergencies are conditions affecting the circulatory system

CV (ex, heart attack or CHF)

16

_____ emergencies involve the brain

neurologic (ex, stroke or seizure)

17

_____ emergencies are commonly caused by complications of diabetes mellitus

endocrine

18

the medical patient assessment focuses on the: _____, _____, ______

NOI, symptoms, chief complaint

19

a ______ is one of the most beneficial parts of the medical patient assessment

establishing an accurate medical history

20

assess the circulation of a conscious person by checking the ____ pulse

radial

21

check the ____ pulse for an unconscious person

carotid

22

_____ is necessary for:
patients who are unconscious or have an altered mental status
patients with airway or breathing problems
patients with obvious circulation problems

rapid transport

23

for the secondary assessment all conscious patients should undergo a _______ based on their _______

all conscious patients should undergo a limited or focused assessment based on their chief complaint

24

for the secondary assessment in unconscious patients a _____ is necessary to obtain clues to assess the problem

full body scan

25

choose the _______ for transport

closest appropriate medical care

26

with herpes simplex ___ of carriers are asymptomatic

80%

27

herpes simplex mode of infection is

closer personal contact

28

there is no _____ for HIV

vaccine

29

HIV is not easily transmitted in the EMS work setting, it is far less contagious than

HEP B

30

the EMT's risk of infection with HIV is limited to exposure to an infected patients ___/_____

blood/body fluids

31

with _____ there is a small risk of transmission through needle stick and blood to blood contact

syphilis

32

_____ is the inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

33

common signs of hepatitis are: _____, vomiting, fever. fatigue, sore throat

jaundice

34

____ is the inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord

meningitis

35

signs of meningitis include: _____, fever, headache, altered mental status

stiff neck

36

_____ meningitis is highly contagious

meningococcal

37

___ is a chronic mycobacterial disease that strikes the ____

TB is a chronic mycobacterial disease that strikes the LUNGS

38

___ TB is contagious because it is spread by airborne transmission

respiratory TB

39

____ of the world population is infected with TB

1/3

40

with suspected TB use a ____

n95 mask

41

whooping cough is AKA

pertussis

42

pertussis is an ____ disease caused by bacteria

airborne

43

whooping cough mostly affects

children (under 6 yrs)

44

prevent exposure to whooping cough by

placing a mask on yourself and on the patient

45

____ is antibiotic resistant

MRSA

46

MRSA is transmitted in the ______ by _______

in the HC setting by unwashed hands of HCP

47

hantavirus, w nile virus, SARS, and H1N1 are all

emerging diseases

48

_____ is rare but deadly (transmitted by rodents)

hantavirus

49

______ has a mosquito vector

west nile

50

____ is transmitted by close person to person contact or secretions

SARS

51

____ is contagious in humans

H1N1

52

investigate the NOI by asking ? regarding the

chief complaint

53

common gynecologic emergencies include these 3 things

vaginal bleeding, STDs, PID

54

S in OPQRSTU stands for

Severity (scale of 1-10 how would you rate your pain)