Chapter 27: Chest Injuries Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 27: Chest Injuries Deck (35)
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1

__________ is the exchange of air in the lung tissue.

respiration

2

How many lobes does the right lung have?

3

3

What is tachypnea?

rapid breathing

4

What is the normal breathing rate for an adult?

12-20 breaths per min

5

________ is the coughing up of blood.

hemoptysis

6

What type of dressing should you apply to an open chest wound?

occlusive dressing

7

What should the EMT use to stabilize a flail chest?
-a small pillow
-a towel
-a large bulky dressing
-all of the above

all of the above

8

When blood or fluid collect inside the sac around the heart, it is called:

pericardial tamponade

9

A spontaneous pneumothorax is caused by:

weak areas in the lungs

10

Blood in the pleural space is called a:

hemothorax

11

he most obvious sign of flail chest is/are:

paradoxical motion

12

_________ should always be suspected in patients with a flail chest.

pulmonary contusion

13

Which of the following interventions is appropriate for all chest injuries?
-Apply an occlusive dressing.
-Provide positive pressure ventilations with 100% oxygen.
-Apply oxygen via nonrebreathing mask at 15 L/min.
-Immobilize the patient on a long backboard.

-Apply oxygen via nonrebreathing mask at 15 L/min.

14

Which of the following interventions is appropriate for all chest injuries?
-Apply an occlusive dressing.
-Provide positive pressure ventilations with 100% oxygen.
-Apply oxygen via nonrebreathing mask at 15 L/min.
-Immobilize the patient on a long backboard.

-Apply oxygen via nonrebreathing mask at 15 L/min.

15

A ______ has the potential to penetrate the lung and diaphragm and injure the liver or stomach.

penetrating chest injury

16

____ are often the result of blunt force trauma

Closed chest injuries

17

_____ are the result of some object penetrating the skin and/or chest wall.

open chest injuries

18

____ may result in fractures to the ribs and the sternum.

Blunt trauma

19

A penetrating injury that creates a hole in the chest wall is called an ______ or a ______

open pneumothorax or sucking chest wound.

20

A ______ may be the result of rupture of a weak spot on the lung, allowing air to enter the pleural space and accumulate.

spontaneous pneumothorax

21

A _____ is a result of blunt trauma resulting in fractured ribs.

simple pneumothorax

22

A pneumothorax may progress to a _______ and cause cardiac arrest.

tension pneumothorax

23

_____ is the result of blood accumulating in the pleural space

Hemothorax

24

A ______ is the presence of air and blood in the pleural space.

hemopneumothorax

25

A _____ (two or more ribs broken in two or more places) should be immobilized with a large bulky dressing.

flail chest segment

26

All patients with chest injuries should receive ____ or _____

high-flow oxygen or ventilation with a bag-mask device

27

_____ which is bruising of or injury to lung tissue after traumatic injury, may interfere with oxygen exchange in the lung tissue.

Pulmonary contusion,

28

_____ is sudden, severe compression of the chest.

Traumatic asphyxia

29

_____ describes bruising of the heart muscle.

Myocardial contusion

30

The central part of the chest containing the heart and great vessels is the....

mediastinum