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Flashcards in Chapter 5: Human Body Deck (91)
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1

anatomic position is when the patient stands facing _____, arms at the _____, and palms _____

anatomic position is when the patient stands facing you, arms at the side, and palms forward

2

list the three planes of the body

1. coronal plane
2. transverse (axial plane)
3. sagittal

3

the coronal place separates the body into

front and back

4

the transverse or axial plane separates the body into

top and bottom

5

the sagittal plane separates the body into

left and right

6

the front of the body is known as ______ or ______

anterior or ventral

7

the back of the body is known as ______ or _______

posterior or dorsal

8

______ = closest to the head

superior

9

______ = closest to the feet

inferior

10

______ is closest to the point of attachment

proximal

11

______ is furthest from the point of attachment

distal

12

_____ is closest to the midline

medial

13

_______ is furthest from the midline

lateral

14

_______ is closest to the surface of the skin

superficial

15

____ is farthest from the surface of the skin

deep

16

______ is the bending of a joint

flexion

17

______ is the straightening of a joint

extension

18

______ is the motion toward the midline

adduction

19

_____ is the motion away from the midline

abduction

20

_____ is face up

supine

21

______ is face down

prone

22

the shock position is a modified _______ with feet _____ inches higher than the _____

the shock position is a modified trendelenburg with feet 6-12 inches higher than the head

23

______ position is sitting up with knees bent

fowler's position

24

_____ position is on the left side

recovery

25

list the five functions of the skeletal system

1. form of the body
2. protection of organs
3. movement
4. calcium storage
5. creation of blood cells

26

ligaments connect ____ to ______

bone to bone

27

tendons connect ____ to ______

bone to muscle

28

the axial skeleton is made up of what three things

skull, spinal column, thorax

29

skull is made up of the _____ and ______

cranium (4 bones) and the facial bones (14 bones)

30

the ______ is the opening into the base of the skull where the spinal column enters

foramen magnum