Chapter 33: Geriatric Emergencies Flashcards Preview

► EMT Course > Chapter 33: Geriatric Emergencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 33: Geriatric Emergencies Deck (23):
1

The term "geriatric" refers to patients who:

older than 65

2

What is the GEMS diamond?

It serves as an acronym reminder of the considerations in assessing the older patient.

3

Geriatric patients are at risk for atherosclerosis resulting in:

heart attack and stroke.

4

What is meant by the term "polypharmacy"?

It describes the use of multiple prescription drugs by the same patient.

5

Specific legal documents that direct relatives and care providers about the extent of treatment that may be given for patients who cannot speak for themselves is known as:

an advance directive

6

Any action on the part of a geriatric individual's family, caregiver, or other associated person to take advantage of the individual's person, property, or emotional state is called:

elder abuse

7

A large percentage of ambulance calls will involve:

older people

8

An examination of the geriatric patient's residence for steep stairs, missing handrails, adequate food, and the overall appearance of the home would fall under which aspect of the GEMS diamond?

environmental assessment

9

Of all the patients the EMT will care for, the geriatric patient is someone who should have a(n):

detailed physical exam

10

Determining the chief complaint in the older medical patient is:

difficult compared to other patients because their symptoms may be vague or atypical.

11

Sudden unconsciousness in the older patient from standing too quickly, bearing down for a bowel movement, diabetic shock, or heart attack is called:

syncope

12

Symptoms such as difficulty breathing, toothache or arm cramps, and syncope in the older patient often indicate:

cardiovascular disease

13

Symptoms such as difficulty breathing, toothache or arm cramps, and syncope in the older patient often indicate:

cardiovascular disease

14

With changes in the respiratory system, such as a decreased ability to cough, geriatric patients are more likely to present with ____

pneumonia.

15

Many patients do not present with the classic symptom of ____ when experiencing a heart attack. Atypical presentations are seen mostly in women, elderly patients, and patients with diabetes.

chest pain

16

_____ and _____ must be carefully evaluated in geriatric patients.

Dementia and delirium

17

H. As the body ages, the bones become more fragile. This leads to a higher ______ in geriatric patients.

risk of fracture

18

With age, brain tissue tends to ____________, increasing chances of injury if there is a fall.

shrink

19

____________ have the highest suicide rate of any age group in the United States.

older men

20

What is the chief component of connective tissue and bones?

collagen

21

Curvature of the spine that causes the neck and shoulders to curve forward is called ____________.

kyphosis

22

Lower digestive tract bleeding is usually marked by ____________.

melena

23

____________ is a change in mental status marked by inability to focus, think logically, and maintain attention.

delirium