Chapter 16: GI and Urologic Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16: GI and Urologic Emergencies Deck (51):
1

Remember that the patient is in pain and is probably anxious; he or she requires all your skills of rapid assessment and:

emotional support

2

Diverticulitis occurs in which quadrant?

LLQ

3

An aortic aneurysm will occur in which area of the body?

lower back and lower quadrants

4

When forming a general impression of the patient during the initial assessment, which important "scale" information should be included?

AVPU

5

Use OPQRST to ask the patient what makes the pain better or worse. The "S" stands for:

severity of pain

6

During the baseline vital sign check, the last vital sign to change is:

blood pressure

7

Remember, the condition of a patient with an acute abdomen can change:

rapidly from stable to unstable

8

During the focused physical exam, the first step listed to assess the abdomen is:

explain to the patient what you are about to do

9

Where will you find localization of pain for a patient with a kidney stone?

radiating to the genitalia

10

A bladder infection called cystitis is more common than kidney infection, especially in women. Patients with cystitis usually have ____ pain

lower abdominal

11

When the waste product that is normally excreted into the urine remains in the blood, this can lead to

uremia

12

The type of pain where the patient experiences tenderness when direct pressure is applied but severe pain when that pressure is released is called:

rebound tenderness

13

In which condition does the junction between the esophagus and the stomach tear, causing severe bleeding and potentially death?

mallory-weiss syndrome

14

3 systems in the abdominal cavity

GI, reproductive, urinary

15

the abdominal cavity contains __ and ___ organs

solid and hollow

16

the liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys and ovaries are ___ organs

solid

17

the gall bladder, stomach, SI, LI, and urinary bladder are __ organs

hollow

18

an injury to a solid organ will cause

shock and bleeding

19

breach into a hollow organ will cause

contents to leak and contaminate the abdominal cavity

20

function of the GI system

digestion

21

digestion begins when

food is put into the mouth and chewed

22

the ___ is the main organ of the digestive system

stomach

23

the liver aids in

digestion

24

the liver secretes

bile

25

the liver also stores ____ and filters toxins

glucose

26

the gallbladder stores

bile

27

the ___ is where digestive juices from the pancreas and liver mix

SI

28

the ____ is where water is absorbed and stool is formed

LI/colon

29

the spleen has to ___ and filters ___

no digestive function and filters blood

30

the ____ controls discharge of waste material filtered from blood by kidneys

urinary system

31

____ are retroperitoneal

kidneys

32

the kidneys regulate ___ and ___

acidity and BP

33

the average adult forms ___ L of urine a day

1.5-2

34

the _____ is the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

parietal peritoneum

35

the ______ is the membrane that covers organs

visceral

36

____ is the sudden onset of abdominal pain

acute abdomen

37

peritonitis usually causes

ileus

38

___ is the paralysis of muscular contractions in the intestines

ileus

39

acute pain, nausea, vomiting, and distended abdomen are signs of

peritonitis

40

____ is the inflammation of abnormal pockets at weak areas in lining of the colon

diverticulitis

41

____ is gallbladder inflammation

cholecystitis

42

cholecystitis pain is in

RUQ

43

functions of the ___:
- part of the lymphatic system
- filters blood
- RBC development
- blood reservoir

spleen

44

perceiving pain at a distant point of the body

referred pain

45

___ is inflammation of the appendix

appendicitis

46

appendicitis is characterized by

rebound tenderness

47

acute adrenal failure is a

sudden decrease in function (can be reversed)

48

chronic renal failure is

progressive over months and years

49

chronic renal failure is often caused by

diabetes or high BP

50

3 main causes of hernia

congenital defect
surgical wound that didn't heal properly
natural weakness

51

muscle spasms of the abdomen causes

guarding