Chapter 7: Principles of Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7: Principles of Pharmacology Deck (55)
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1

______ is the process by which medication works on the body

pharmacodynamics

2

____ is a medication that causes stimulation of receptors

agonist

3

______ is a medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications

antagonist

4

____ is the amount of medication that is given

dose

5

the dose depends on:
1.
2.
3.

1. patient's age
2. patient's weight
3. desired action

6

the generic name of a medication is

the original chemical name of the medication

7

the _____ is the registered brand name that a manufacturer gives to a drug

trade name

8

enteral medications enter the body through the ____

digestive system

9

parenteral medications enter the body through _____

some other means (ex, blood)

10

absorption is the

process by which medications travel through body tissues to the bloodstream

11

per rectum (PR)

by rectum

12

oral (PO)

by mouth, per os

13

intravenous injection (IV)

into the vein

14

intraosseous injection (IO)

into the bone

15

subcutaneous injection (SC, SQ, sub-q)

beneath the skin

16

intramuscular injection (IM)

into the muscle

17

inhalation

breathed into the lungs

18

sublingual (SL)

under the tongue

19

transcutaneous or transdermal

through the skin

20

intranasal (IN)

spray into the nostril

21

the _____ of the medication usually dictates the route of transmission

form

22

manufacturers choose the form to ensure:
1.
2.
3.

1. proper route of transmission
2. timing of its release into the blood
3. effects on the target organs or body systems

23

tablets/capsules are most medications given by

mouth

24

_____ contain other materials mixed with the medication and compressed

tablet

25

_____ are gelatin shells filled with powder or liquid medication

capsules

26

______ are a liquid mixture of one or more substances that cant be separated simply

solutiona

27

______ are a mixture of finely ground particles distributed evenly throughout a liquid by shaking or stirring but do not dissolve

suspensions

28

suspensions will _____ if they stand

separate

29

_____ are liquids or solids broken into small enough droplets or particles that they may be inhaled

MDI's

30

MDI's dispense the same amount of medication ______

each time it is used