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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (135):
0

gamete

reproductive cell (ovum or sperm) that contains one half of the chromosomes required to produce an offspring of the species

1

libido

psychological and physical drive for sexual activity

2

semen

fluid containing sperm and secretions from the prostate and other structures of the male reproductive system

3

sphincter

ringlike muscle that opens and closes a body opening to allow or restrict passage through the structure

4

testosterone

androgenic hormone responsible for the development of the male sex organs, including the penis, testicles, scrotum, and prostate

5

andr/o

male

6

balan/o

glans penis

7

crypt/o

hidden

8

epididym/o

epididymis

9

genit/o

genitalia

10

gonad/o

gonads
sex glands

11

olig/o

scanty

12

orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o

testis

13

perine/o

perineum (area between scrotum, or vulva in the female and anus)

14

prostat/o

prostate gland

15

spermat/o, sperm/o

spermatozoa
sperm cells

16

varic/o

dilated vein

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vas/o

vessel
vas deferens
duct

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vesicul/o

seminal vesicle

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-cide

killing

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-genesis

forming
producing
origin

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-ism

condition

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-spadias

slit
fissure

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brachy-

short

24

epi-

above
upon

25

balanitis

inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis caused by bacteria, fungi, or a virus

26

erectile dysfunction (ED)

Repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse

27

hypogonadism

decrease or lack of hormones normally produced by the gonads

28

hypospadias

congenital abnormality where the opening of the male urethra is on the undersurface of the penis instead of the tip

29

phimosis

stenosis or narrowing of foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glands penis

30

priapism

prolonged and often painful erection of the penis, which occurs without sexual stimulation

31

prostatitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate

32

testicular abnormalities

any of the various disorders that affect the testes

33

anorchism

absence of one or both testicles

34

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

35

hydrocele

swelling of the sac surrounding the testes that is typically harmless

36

orchitis

painful swelling of one or both testes, commonly associated with mumps that develop after puberty

37

spermatocele

abnormal, fluid filled sac that develops in the epididymis and may or may not contain sperm

38

testicular mass

New tissue growth that appears on one or both testes and may be malignant or benign

39

testicular torsion

spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum, leading to a decrease in blood flow to the affected testicle

40

varicocele

swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord, somewhat resembling varicose veins of the legs

41

sterility

inability to produce offspring
in male, inability to fertilize the ovum

42

digital rectal exam (DRE)

screening test that assesses the rectal wall surface for lesions or evaluates abnormalities of the pelvic area

43

orichiectomy

removal or one or both testicles

44

Circomcision

removal of the foreskin or fold of skin covering the tip (glans) of the penis

45

orchiopexy

fixation of the testes in teh scrotum

46

prostatectom

removal of all or part of the prostate

47

transurethral resection of prostate (TURP)

excision of the prostate gland by inserting a special endoscope through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostate gland

48

urethroplasty

reconstruction of the urethra to relieve stricture or narrowing

49

vasectomy

removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens for male sterilization

50

prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostate cancer

51

semen analysis

test that analyzes a semen sample for volume, sperm count, motility, and morphology to evaluate fertility or verify sterilization after a vasectomy

52

BPH

benign prostatics hyperplasia
benign prostatic hypertrophy

53

DRE

digital rectal examination

54

EBR

external beam radiation

55

EBT

external beam therapy

56

ED

erectile dysfunction
emergency department

57

GC

gonorrhea
gonococci

58

HPV

human papillomavirus

59

HSV-2

herpes simplex virus type 2

60

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

61

STD

sexually transmitted disease

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STI

sexually transmitted infection

63

TSE

testicular self-examination

64

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

65

US

ultrasound
ultrasonography

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spermicide

kiling sperm

67

varicocele

swelling of a dilated vein

68

scrotoplasty

surgical repair of the scrotum

69

prostatomegaly

enlargement of the prostate

70

anorchism

condition without testes

71

gonadectomy

excision of a gonad

72

genitourinary

pertaining to genitals and the urinary tract

73

epididymectomy

excision of the epididymis

74

brachytherapy

treatment from a short (distance)

75

epispadias

fissure upon (dorsum of penis)

76

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

77

androgen

forming or producing a malle

78

perineorrhaphy

suture of the perineum

79

vasectomy

excision of the vas deferens

80

vesiculography

process of recording the seminal vesicle

81

orchiditis

inflammation of the testes

82

orchidoptosis

prolapse or downward displacement of the testes

83

balanorrhea

flow or discharge of the glans penis

84

belanocele

hernia, swelling of the glans penis

85

spermatocyte

sperm cell

86

spermatoblast

embryonic sperm (cell)

87

spermatocele

swelling or hernia (containing) sperm

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prostatalgia, prostatodynia

pain of the prostate

89

prostatorrhea

discharge of the prostate

90

prostatomegaly

enlargement of the prostate

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prostatolith

stone or calculus of the prostate

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hypospadias

fissure under (ventrum of penis)

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hypersadias

fissure above (dorsum of penis)

94

vesiculitis

inflammation of the seminal vesicle

95

vesiculography

process of recording the seminal vesicle

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gonadopathy

disease of the gonads

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balanoplasty

surgical repair of glans penis

98

vasectomy

excision of (a segment of the) vas defernes

99

scrotoplasty

surgical repair of the scrotum

100

perineorrhaphy

suture of the perineum

101

leukorrhea

white discharge commonly associated with gonorrhea

102

genital herpes

disease characterized by blister like lesions around the genital area

103

cryptorchidism

failure of the testicles to descend into the scrotum before birth

104

hypospadias

condition where the urethra opens on the underside of the penis

105

phimosis

stenosis of the foreskin so that it cannot be drawn over the glans

106

varicocele

swelling and distention of the spermatic cord veins

107

epispadias

condition where the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis

108

testicular torsion

twisting of the testicle within the scrotum

109

condylomas

STI commonly known as genital warts

110

anorchidism

absence of one or both testicles

111

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

112

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate

113

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder commonly associated with an enlarged prostate

114

sterility

inability to produce offspring

115

trichomoniasis

STI caused by a protozoan, with symptoms that are more common in females than males

116

chlamydia

common STI called "silent disease" because symptoms are mild or absent

117

chancre

syphilitic lesion found at the point where the organism entered the body

118

hesitancy

difficulty starting urination

119

gynecomastia

enlargement of breast tissue associated with testicular cancer

120

semen analysis

test used to evaluate fertility or verify sterilization after vasectomy

121

androgens

agents used to increase testosterone levels

122

scrotal

US procedure to assess the testicles, epididymis, and vas deferens for abnormalities

123

GC

gonorrhea
gonococci

124

urethroplasy

reconstruction of the urethra to relieve a stricture or narrowing

125

vasovasostomy

reversal of a vasectomy

126

antiandrogens

agents that suppress the production of an androgen

127

TURP

excision of the prostate through the urethra

128

PSA

blood test to detect prostate disorders, especially cancer

129

antivirals

medications used to treat recurrent herpes

130

orchiopexy

fixation of the testes in the scrotum

131

circumcision

removal of the foreskin from the glans

132

HPV

virus causing genital warts

133

BPH

nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate that is usually associated with aging

134

meatus

opening