Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (172):
0

external genitalia

sex, or reproductive, organs visible on the outside of the body

1

gestation

length of time from conception to birth

2

lactation

Production and release of milk by mammary glands

3

orifice

mouth; entrance, or outlet of any anatomical structure

4

Menstral

Days 1-5`

5

Ovulation

Days 6-14

6

Postovulatory

Days 15-28

7

amni/o

amnion (amniotic sac)

8

cervic/o

neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)

9

colp/o, vagin/o

vagina

10

galact/o, lact/o

milk

11

gynec/o

woman
female

12

hyster/o, metri/o, uter/o

uterus (womb)

13

mamm/o, mast/o

breast

14

men/o

menses
menstruation

15

metr/o

uterus (womb)
measure

16

nat/o

birth

17

oophor/o, ovari/o

ovary

18

perine/o

perineum

19

salping/o

tube (usually fallopian or eustachian)

20

-arche

beginning

21

-cyesis

pregnancy

22

-gravida

pregnant woman

23

-para

to bear (off spring)

24

-salpinx

tube (usually fallopian or eustachian)

25

-tocia

childbirth
labor

26

-version

turning

27

ante-

before
in front of

28

dys-

bad
painful
difficult

29

endo-

in
within

30

multi-

many
much

31

primi-

first

32

atresia

congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina

33

choriocarcinoma

malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy

34

dyspareunia

occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse

35

enodocervicitis

Inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri

36

retroversion

Turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ such as the uterus being tipped form its normal position

37

uterine fibroids

benign tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus

38

sterility

Inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female

39

abortion

termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus

40

abruptio placentae

Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labor

41

breech presentation

common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present first rather than the head

42

Down syndrome

Genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46 and occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosome 21 which causes delays in the way a child develops mentally and physically

43

eclampsia

most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy

44

ectopic pregnancy

pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity

45

placenta previa

Obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal that results in bleeding during labor when the cervix dilates

46

Intrauterine device (IUD)

small, T-shaped device inserted by a physician inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy

47

cerclage

suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion

48

cesarean section

Incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus

49

colpocleisis

Surgical closure of the vaginal canal

50

conization

Excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological examination

51

cordocentesis

sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance

52

cryosurgery

Process of freezing tissue to destroy cells

53

dilatation and curettage (D&C)

Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and acraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette

54

hysterectomy

Excision of the uterus

55

subtotal hysterectomy

Hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain

56

total hysterectomy

Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed by the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain

57

total plus bilateral hysterectomy

Total (complete) hysterectomy, including removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries

58

laparoscopy

Visual exam of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus

59

lumpectomy

excision of a small primary breast tumor and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it

60

mammoplasty

surgical reconstruction of the breast(s) to change the size, shape, or position

61

augmentation

insertion of a breast prosthesis (filled with silicone gel or saline) beneath the skin or beneath the pectoralis major muscle

62

reduction

breast reduction to reduce the size of large, pendulous breast

63

mastectomy

excision of the entire breast

64

total mastectomy

excision of the entire breast, nipple, areola, and the involved overlying skin

65

modified radical

excision of the entire breast, including the lymph nodes in teh underarm

66

radical

excision of the entire breast, all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast

67

reconstructive breast surgery

creation of a breast shaped mound to replace a breast that has been removed due to cancer or other disease

68

tissue (skin) expansion

Common breast reconstruction technique in which a balloon expander is inserted beneath the skin and chest muscle and saline solution is gradually injected to increase size, and the expander is replaced with a more permanent implant

69

Transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap

surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen, which is passed under the skin to the breast area, and then shaping the abdominal tissue (flap) into a natural looking breast and suturing it into place

70

tubal ligation

procedure that ties (ligates) the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy

71

amniocentesis

transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle (position is verified by US on a monitor screen) and syringe to remove amniotic fluid

72

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument

73

insufflation

delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity, chamber, or organ to allow visual examination, remove obstruction, or apply medication

74

tubal insufflation

test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflation with carbon dioxide

75

pelvimetry

Measurement of pelvic dimensions to determine whether the head of the fetus will be able to pass through the bony pelvis to allow delivery

76

chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects

77

endometrial biopsy

removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study

78

papanicolaou (Pap) test

cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination

79

hysterosalpingography

radiography and usually fluoroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium

80

mammography

radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer

81

ultrasonography (US)

use of high frequency sound waves directed at soft tissue and reflected as echoes to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure

82

transvaginal US

US of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina, which provides sharper images of pathological and normal structures within the pelvis

83

AB, Ab, ab

antibody
abortion

84

CA

cancer
chronological age
cardiac arrest

85

D&C

dilatation and curettage

86

DUB

dysfunctional uterine bleedign

87

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

88

GYN

gynecology

89

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

90

HSG

hysterosalpingography

91

IUD

intrauterine device

92

LH

luteinizing hormone

93

CS, C-section

cesarean section

94

FECG, FEKG

fetal electrocardiogram

95

LMP

last menstrual period

96

LSO

left salpingo-oophrectomy

97

OCPs

oral contraceptive pills

98

Pap

papanicolaou (test)

99

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

100

STD

sexually transmitted disease

101

TRAM

transverse rectus abdominis muscle (flap)

102

US

ultrasound
ultrasonography

103

IVF-ET

in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer

104

OB

obstetrics

105

para 1,2,3 and so on

unipara, bipara, tripara (number of viable birhs)

106

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina

107

prenatal

pertaining to (the time) before birth

108

dystocia

difficult childbirth

109

hysterorrhexis

rupture of the uterus

110

oophoroma

tumor of the ovary

111

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)

112

amniocentesis

surgical puncture of the amnion (amniotic sac)

113

perineorrhaphy

suture of the perineum

114

salpingoplasty

surgical repair of a fallopian tube

115

primigravida

pregnant woman (for the) first (time)

116

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

117

hemosalpinx

blood in the fallopian tube

118

multipara

to bear many (offspring)

119

menarche

beginning of menses or menstruation

120

galactopoiesis

formation or production of milk

121

gynecopathy

disease (specific to) women

122

gynecologist

physician who specializes in diseases of the female

123

cervicovaginitis

inflammation of the cervix uteri and vagina

124

cervicovesical

pertaining to the cervix uteri and bladder

125

colposcope

instrument used to examine the vagina

126

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina

127

vaginitis

inflammation of the vagina

128

vaginocele

herniation of the vagina

129

hystomyoma

myoma of the uterus

130

hysteropathy

disease of the uterus

131

hysterosalpingography

radiography of the uterus and oviducts

132

metrorrhagia

hemorrhage form teh uterus

133

parametritis

inflammation around the uterus

134

uterocele

herniation of the uterus

135

uterocele

herniation of the uterus

136

uterocervical

relating to the uterus and cervix

137

uterovesical

pertaining to the uterus and bladder

138

oophoritis

inflammation of an ovary

139

oophorosalpingitis

inflammation of an ovary and oviduct

140

salpingocele

herniation of a fallopian tube

141

salpingography

radiography of uterine tubes

142

oophoropexy, ovariopexy

fixation of (a displaced) ovary

143

hystero-oophorectomy

excision of the uterus and ovaries

144

episiorrhaphy, perineorrhaphy

suturing the perineum

145

hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy

excision of the uterus, oviducts, and ovaries

146

amniocentesis

puncture of the amnion (amniotic sac)

147

pyosalpinx

accumulation of pus in a uterine tube

148

primipara

woman who has had one pregnancy that has resulted in a viable offspring

149

sterility

inability of the female to become pregnant

150

retroversion

uterus that is tipped backward from its normal position

151

atresia

congenital absence of a normal body opening such as the vagina

152

down syndrome

trisomy 21

153

septicemia

bacteria in the blood that often occurs with severe infection

154

dyspareunia

occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse

155

metrorrhagia

irregular uterine bleeding between menstrual periods

156

fibroids

benign uterine tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue

157

oligomenorrhea

infrequent menstrual flow

158

breech

abnormal delivery in which fetal buttocks or feet present first rather than the head

159

eclampsia

most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy

160

pathogen

disease-producing opganism

161

primigravida

woman during her first pregnancy

162

antifungals

drugs used to treat vaginal yeast infections

163

TAH

excision of the uterus, including the cervix, through an abdominal incision

164

tubal ligation

tying uterine tubes to prevent pregnancy

165

PID

inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and adjacent pelvic structures, usually caused by bacterial infection

166

chronic villus sampling

test to detect chromosomal abnormalities that can be done earlier than aminocentesis

167

estrogens

hormone replacement to reduce adverse symptoms of menopause

168

oxytocins

agents used to induce labor and rid the uterus of an unexpelled placenta or fetus that has died

169

cordocentesis

sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilicalvein

170

prostaglandins

agents used to terminate pregnancy

171

nullipara

never giving birth