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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (218)
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Connective tissue composed of a liquid medium in which solid components are suspended

plasma

1

red blood cells

erythrocytes

2

white blood cells

leukocytes

3

platelets

thrrombocytes

4

embryonic

blastic

5

The development of blood cells to their mature form

hematopoiesis
hemotopoiesis

6

red cell development

erythropoiesis

7

A specialized iron-containing compound that gives red blood cells their red color

hemoglobin (Hb, Hgb)

8

Protective protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of a foreign substance called an antigen

antibody (Ab)

9

Substance, recognized as harmful to the host, that stimulates formation of antibodies in an immunocompetent individual

antigen

10

Substance derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin and excreted by the liver

bile pigment

11

Chemical substance produced by certain cells that initiates, inhibits, increases, or decreases activity in other cells

cytokine

12

Ability to develop an immune response or recognize antigens and respond to them

immunocompetent

13

Specialized lymphocytes that kill abnormal cells by releasing chemicals that destroy the cell membrane, causing its intercellular fluids to leak out

natural killer (NK) cells

14

WBCs migrate through endothelial walls of capillaries and venules, and enter tissue spaces by a process called

diapedesis

15

red acidic dye

eosin

16

alkaline

basic

17

_______ contain granules that stain a pale lilac color

Neutrophils

18

_________ contain granules that stain red because of their affinity for the red acid dye eosin

Eosinophils

19

_______ contain granules that stain dark purple because of their affinity for the purple alkaline (basic) dye

Basophils

20

The main function of basophils is to release _______ and ________ at sites of injury

histamines
heparin

21

_______ arise in the bone marrow from stem cells but mature in lymph tissue.

Agranulocytes

22

Unlike granulocytes that typically have lobed nuclei, agranulocytes have nuclei that do not form lobes. They are called

mononuclear leukocytes (MNLs)

23

Lymphocytes include

B cells, T cells, and natural killer (NK) cells

24

The smallest formed elements found in blood

platelets or thrombocytes

25

Control of bleeding

hemostasis

26

A substance released by injured tissue that initiates clot formation

thromboplastin

27

a soluble blood protein

fibrinogen

28

The jellylike mass of blood cells and fibrin

thrombus or blood clot

29

albumins, globulins, and fibrinogen

plasma proteins