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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (147)
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Electrolyte

Mineral salt that carries an electrical charge when in solution

1

filtrate

fluid that passes from the blood through the capillary walls of the glomeruli into Bowman capsule

2

Nitrogenous waste

Product of protein metabolism that include urea, uric acid, creatine, creatinine, and ammonia

3

Peristaltic wave

Sequence of rhythmic contraction of smooth muscles of a hollow organ to force material forward and prevent backflow

4

peritoneum

serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and covers most of the organs within the cavity

5

pH

Symbol that expresses the alkalinity or acidity of a solution

6

plasma

Liquid portion of blood that is filtered by the nephrons to remove dissolved wastes

7

albumin/o

albumin
protein

8

azot/o

nitrogenous compounds

9

bacteri/o

bacteria

10

cyst/o, vesic/o

bladder

11

glomerul/o

glomerulus

12

kal/i

potassium (an electrolyte)

13

keton/o

ketone bodies (acids and acetones)

14

lith/o

stone
calculus

15

meat/o

opening
meatus

16

nephr/o, ren/o

kidney

17

noct/o

night

18

olig/o

scanty

19

py/o

PUS

20

pyel/o

renal pelvis

21

ur/o

urine
urinary tract

22

ureter/o

ureter

23

urethr/o

urethra

24

-genesis

forming
producing
origin

25

-iasis

abnormal condition (produced by something specified)

26

-uria

urine

27

dia-

through
across

28

retro-

backward
behind

29

anuria

Absence of urine production or output