Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (42):
1

How many people have a diagnosable psych disorder

1/6

2

Insanity

Legal term

3

Disordered

Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional

4

Treatment before 1800s

Brutal, believed they had brought it upon themselves

5

Medical Model (Panell)

Mental illness was a disease

6

Biopsychosocial on disorders

Genetic links, experiences, and social support matter

7

DSM

Used to diagnose and classify mental illness; quick but perceptions change and people act differently once you've been diagnosed

8

Anxiety disorder

Persistant distressing and debilitating nervousness or anxiety

9

Generalized anxiety

Anxiety for no apparent reason

10

Panic Attack

Unpredictable escalation of anxiety to terror

11

Phobia

Intense, irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation

12

Obsessive-compulsive

Adolescents and young adults; irresistible, irrational preoccupation with certain thoughts. Actions are repeated over and over to reduce anxiety

13

PTSD

Anxiety is after the traumatic event

14

Explanations for anxiety

Conditioning, cognitive (Learn from observing others), and biological links (Brain responses, evolutionary threats)

15

Mood disorders

Emotional extremes

16

Major depression

Prolonged depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, loss of appetite, insomnia, lethargy, etc..

17

Bipolar disorder

Alternate between depression and mania

18

Biological links to mood disorder

Too little norepinephrine, and serotonin, genetic link

19

Social cognitive link with mood disorders

Cycle of depression; become self defeating; stress to negative thoughts to depression to behavior changes back to stress

20

Schizophrenic disorders

Loss of contact with reality, distorted perceptions, irrational ideas, inappropriate emotions

21

Disorganized thinking

Disorganized, fragmented thinking and speech

22

Delusion

False beliefs

23

Paranoia

Belief people re out to get you

24

Distorted perception

Hallucinations (Sensory experience without sensory stimuli)

25

Positive symptoms

Actually see (Speech, emotions)

26

Negative symptoms

Lack of response (Monotone, catatonic)

27

Gradual onset

Gradual then get stuck

28

Rapid onset

Acute reaction (Short term, go in and out of it)

29

Brain abnormalities with schizophrenia

Too many dopamine receptors, smaller thalamus, high activity in amygdala, low in frontal lobe

30

Prenatal factors to schizophrenia

Mother exposed to virus during pregnancy, interferes with brain development

31

Dissociative disorders

Separate awareness of ourselves

32

Dissociate ID Disorder

Develop two or more distinct personalities to deal with anxiety

33

Psychoanalytic explanation for multiple personalities

Defense against unacceptable impulses

34

Learning explanation for multiple personalities

Reinforced because anxiety is reduced

35

Stress respinse explanation for multiple personalities

One personality deals with the stress at the time

36

Anorexia nervosa

Body weight drops below normal, distorted body image, fear weight gain, eat less, exercise, binge/purge

37

Bulimia nervosa

Binge/purge cycle; depression and anxiety after binge, weight fluctuates, preoccupied with food cravings

38

Binge-eating disorder

Binge without purging, followed by regret, may be overweight

39

Personality disorders

Distressing to those around them; impaired social functioning; difficult to change

40

Anti-social

Socio/psychopaths; Lack moral conscious; can't connect with others

41

Histrionic disorder

Excessive emotionality; dramatic, attention seeking, can't delay gratification

42

Narcissistic disorder

In love with one's self, special, self important, think they deserve a lot, preoccupied with fantasies about themselves, can't take another's perspective