Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (57):
1

Consciousness

Awareness of self and environment

2

Circadian rhythm

internal biological clock

3

NREM1

drowsing off

4

NREM2

spindles: small bursts of activity

5

NREM3

deep sleep, bed wetting, sleep walking, night terrors

6

Restorative function of sleep

Helps recover from injuries

6

Manifest content

Events that occur during the dream

7

Activation synthesis hypothesis

Random neural activity + active emotional centers= dreams

8

Latent content

Underlying meaning of the dream

9

Who spends more time in REM?

Children

10

What the sleep deprivation do?

Slows reaction times; impairs concentration, memory, and problem-solving ability; and makes it more difficult to retain newly acquired information

11

Sleep patterns change with what?

age

13

Narcolepsy

Suddenly falling into REM

14

Sleep apnea

Stop breathing during sleep

15

Sleep terror disorder

Intense fear, NREM3, no plot

15

Sleepwalking disorder

Walk, Ok to wake them up, NREM3

17

Hypnosis

Temporary state of being heightened to suggestion

17

Post hypnotic suggestion

A hypnotists suggestion that the subject will respond in a particular way following hypnosis

18

hypnotic pain relief

Focus not on the pain

19

Psychoactive drugs

Chemical substances that act on the brain to affect emotional or mental states

20

Drug abuse

Maladaptive or dangerous use of a chemical substance

22

Physical addiction

need for drug- pain and cravings

23

Withdrawal

discomfort/ distress when someone stops taking a drug

24

Tolerance

Need more of the drug to get the desired effect

25

Psychological dependence

need the drug to feel a certain way

26

Depressants

slow system down

26

Stimulants

Drugs that heighten the activity of the central nervous system

28

Stimulants

excite neural activity

29

Cocaine

stimulant; blocks reuptake of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine;

30

MDMA or ecstasy

stimulant and mild hallucinogen; blocks repute of serotonin; increases feelings of intimacy; may cause permanent damage

31

Nicotine

stimulant; addictive; develop tolerance; helps to calm; releases epinephrine and endorphins

32

Caffeine

stimulant; increased energy; can create tolerance and withdrawal

33

Hallucinogens

perception with out stimulation

34

LSD

hallucinogen; blocks repute of serotonin; see shapes, have an out of body experience

34

How to sleep better

Adopt a regular sleep schedule
Don't try to force sleep
Establish a regular bedtime routine
Establish the proper cues for sleeping
Avoid tossing and turning
Avoid daytime naps
Don't take your problems to bed
Use mental imagery
Adopt a regular exercise program
Limit your intake of caffeine, especially in the afternoon
Practice rational self talk

35

Dual processing

info streamed simultaneously by consciousness and unconsciousness

36

selective attention

attention focused on small part of incoming stimuli

37

How much REM per minutes of sleep

10 in 90

38

How many people think they have insomnia

10%

39

Sleep theories

keeps us out of harms way
restores body tissue
cognitive functioning(memories)
fuels creativity
promotes physical health

40

Are most dreams negative or positive

negative

41

Psychoanalytical

Freud, vent unfulfilled desires and repressed thoughts

42

Dream Theories

Psychoanalytical
Info processing
Physiological Need
Activation Synthesis
Cognitive development

43

Info Processing

while we dream, we assimilate and organzine the day's experiences

44

Physiological need for dreaming

neural pathways need to be active or they'll degrade

45

activation synthesis

dreams take random neural activity and active emotional centers to form themselves

46

proof of cognitive development in dreaming

kids and adults dream differently

47

hypnosis as a social phenomenon

people feel social pressure to act like a good subject

48

Why are memories recalled under hypnosis inaccurate?

We fill in the gaps with what makes sense

49

What are three misconceptions about addiction?

Addictive drugs quickly corrupt
addictions require therapy
Gambling, etc.. are addictions

50

alcohol

depressant; slows reactions, lowers inhibitions, makes sleepy

51

opiate

depressent; painkiller

52

What are three types of opiates?

opium, morphine, heroin

53

What happens when you OD on opiates

stop breathing

54

crack

more intense cocaine; brings out aggression

55

meth

stimulant; triggers the release of dopamine

56

expectations highly influence experience of what?

LSD