Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (34):
1

Mutiration

need/desire that directs behavior

2

Need

physiological deprivation

3

Want/Desire

innate human tendency

4

Drive

Activated, uncomfortable state

5

Homeostasis

Normal resting state

6

Incentives

External stimulator that motivates us

7

Process

Incentives trigger needs/wants

8

Optimum arousal

Need to reach this to avoid boredom

9

Yerkes-Dodsen Law

Performance increases with arousal up to a certain point

10

Maslow's hierarchy

Some needs are more important

11

Levels of Maslow's hierarchy

Psych/safety
Belonging/esteem
self-actualization/transcendence

12

Hypothalamus

Controls appetite, hunger, etc

13

Set point

Ideal weight body tries to keep

14

Basal emtabolic rate

How fast our resting bodies burn calories

15

When do we eat more?

In the presence of food
More variety of food
How much is on the plate
Others eating

16

How many American are overweight?

65%

17

What happens to fat cells as we lose weight?

They shrink, but cannot leave

18

What is a lot of weight determined by?

Genetics

19

Need for achievement

desire for major accomplishments and maintaining a high standard

20

Ambiguous picture test

Show a person a picture. The story they come up with reflects their need for achievement

21

Choice of tasks test

Choose tasks of varying levels of difficulty

22

Birth Order and achievement

First borns tend to be higher achieving

23

Intrinsic

Internally motivated; Do it because you want to

24

Extrinsic

Externally motivated; Do it because you have to

25

Controlling reward

Specific rules, competition, criticism, extrinsic motivation

26

Informing reward

Feedback, compliments, increase intrinsic motivation

27

James-lange theory

Physiological arousal then emotion

28

Cannon-Bard theory

Arousal and emotion simultaneous

29

Schacter and Singer 2 factor theory

Arousal and cognitive label lead to emotion

30

Arousal differs from different emotions?

no

31

Lie detection

Guilt leads to arousal; anxiety and guilt can be mistaken for guilt; not allowed in courts

32

Universal emotions

facial expressions are the same regardless of culture

33

Cultural differences in emotion

gestures

34

How do facial expression affect emotions

Intensify emotion
Help to feel empathy