Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (36):
1

Social thinking

how we explain and analyze other's behavior

2

Attribution

How we decide the cause of a person's behavior

3

Fundamental error of attribution

Attribute our behavior to the situation and others' behavior to their personalities

4

Foot-in-the-door

agreeing to something small makes you more willing to comply with larger requests

5

Role-playing

When you are put in a role, your behavior changes your beliefs

6

Cognitive dissonance

Mental tension created when we believe one way but act another way

7

Social Influence

How others affect individual behavior

8

Conformity (Asch)

Conform to what others do

9

Conditions that increase conformity

made to feel incompetent
group of 3+
unanimous group
Attractive/ good group status
no prior commitment
others observe the behavior
culture encourages respect for social standards

10

Obedience (Milgram)

Study seeing how far people would go to obey

11

How many shocked the learner to the maximum?

2/3

12

What lowered obedience?

Experimenter was further from the teacher
Experimenter seems legit
Others disobey
Victim is closer

13

Social facilitation

presence of others can sometimes improve performance on certain tasks

14

Social Loafing

Individuals put in less effort for a team task

15

De-individualization

No longer ID as an individual, just part of the crowd

16

Group polarization

If everyone thinks the same way, discussion will strengthen that opinion

17

Group think

Better for a group to make a decision than an individual (harmonious but stupid decisions)

18

Minority influence

The minority can influence the majority as long as it does not compromise on its original position

19

Prejudice

Unjustifiable, typically negative attitude towards a group and its members

20

Social inequalities

One group has something another does not, they try to justify it

21

Ingroup bias

Favoring one's own group

22

Scapegoating

When things go wrong, people look for others to blame

23

Categorization

Schemas of people

24

Vivid cases

Remember vivid examples better and they can influence attitudes about the group

25

Just world phenomenon

People get what they deserve

26

Aggression

Physical/verbal behavior aimed to hurt/destroy

27

Frustration-aggression principle

When we are frustrated, we are more likely to aggress

28

Learning aggression

Learn that aggression can get us what we want

29

Media and violence

Children engage in violence 7x more after violent programming

30

Altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others

31

Process of deciding to help others

Noticing
Interpreting as an emergency
Assuming responsibility

32

Bystander effect

When others are present, feelings of responsibility are diminished and no one takes responsibility

33

Attraction

likelihood of developing a relationship

34

Proximity

More exposure

35

Familiarity breeds

fondness

36

Physical attractiveness

Valued in friends, coworkers, significant others, etc... assume inside matches outside