Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (22):
1

Sex

Biological aspect of being male or female

2

Gender

Social or cultural aspect of being male or female

3

Gender ID

Personal sense of being male or female

4

Gender role

Outward expression of gender based on cultural expectations

5

Gender stereotypes

Rigidly held, oversimplified beliefs that males and females have distinctly different traits

6

Gender typing

Child's learning of culture's gender roles

7

Social-learning theory

Children are reinforced for gender appropriate behavior

8

Schema

concept

9

When can a child ID gender?

2

10

When is gender permanent?

4-7

11

Physiology of sexuality

hormones

12

What do you need a base level of to have interest

testosterone

13

External stimuli of sexuality

aroused by explicit material

14

Gender differences in sexuality

women look down more on casual sex

15

Sexual Orientation

Enduring sexual attraction towards members of a particular gender

16

How many men are homosexual?

3%

17

How many women are homosexual?

1-2%

18

Is homosexuality biological or environmental?

Biological

19

Brain structures in homosexuality

Anterior hypothalamus is smaller in homosexual men and all women

20

Prenatal influences on homosexuality

Hormones and birth order (men with older brothers are more likely to be gay) (maternal antibodies are stronger with each pregnancy)

21

Why are women more selective with their sexual habits?

They have limited fertility and want to choose a man who will help raise children

22

Why are men promiscuous?

They are constantly fertile