Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (39):
1

Psychiatrists

Medical degrees, prescribe meds

2

Social workers

Counseling with personal and family problems, trained within the system

3

Counselors

Masters/PhD in counseling, personal and family problems, deal with normal people

4

Clinical psychologists

PhDs in clinical psych, severe mental disorders, long term care

5

Psychotherapists

Not a real professional, no government requirements, freaky stuff

6

Psychological therapies

Talk therapies

7

Psychoanalysis

Insight therapy, underlying motivations, therapist must interpret

8

Free association

Patient verbalizes about whatever comes to mind

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Resistance

Unconsciously try to keep secrets

10

Transference

Patient's feelings toward someone are transferred to the therapist and they deal with the emotion through therapy

11

Criticisms to psychoanalysis

Slow and expensive

12

Humanistic therapy

Insight therapy, focusses on person and self esteem

13

Person-centered therapy

Low self esteem means no growth as a person, so must help people lead fulfilling lives

14

Active listening

Echo patient, shows them you're listening

15

Unconditional positive regard

Completely non-judgemental to client

16

Criticisms to humanistic therapy

Not good for severe disorders of personality disorders

17

Group therapies

Same concept as humanistic therapy; AA, support groups, etc

18

Behavior therapies

Solve current problems and change behaviors

19

Classical conditioning (Counter)

Unlearn associations

20

Exposure therapies

Expose to what they'd like to avoid

21

Systematic desensitization

Taught to relax, start with exposures, replace anxiety with relaxation

22

Virtual reality

Systematic desensitization for fears like flying

23

Aversive conditioning

Dysfunctional positive regard for something, replace it with negative associations

24

Token economy

Rewarded for good behavior, punished for bad, but life does not really work like this, and behaviors may revert after therapy. Must remove privileges to earn them back

25

Cognitive therapies

Nonspecific fears and depression

26

Beck's Depression therapy

Must break cycle of depression, change negative thinking

27

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Cognitive and behavioral changes to add to depression therapy (Get coffee with a friend)

28

Group and family therapies

Show that others have the same struggles

29

Evaluating psychotherapy

Most who receive therapy are better off than those who do not, but most people get better with time

30

Therapy provides...

Hope for demoralized people; New perspective on yourself; an empathetic, trusting, and caring individual

31

Anti-psychotics

Lower hallucinations, paranoia, block dopamine receptors in brain

32

Anti-anxiety meds

Alcohol-like depression of CNS activity without too much drowsiness; Over-prescribed, can cause abuse; focusses on symptoms

33

Anti-depressants

Blocks reabsorption of serotonin and norepinephrine, take 4 weeks for full effect

34

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

Send electricity through the brain, used to be abused, don't understand how it works, only used in extreme cases, involves some memory loss

35

Deep brain stimulation

Area between frontal cortex and limbic system; inhibits negative emotions

36

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Stimulates less active areas of the brain

37

Psychosurgery

Brain surgery, rare, irreversible, cut things, lobotomy(used to this too much and cut a lot) Today, use lasers

38

Therapeutic Life Change

Tricks body into feeling better, successful with depression

39

What activities help the brain to be less depressed?

Aerobic exercise, adequate sleep, light, social connections, anti-rumination, nutritional supplements