Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

Psy 201: Myers' Exploring Psychology > Chapter 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (50):
1

Psychoanalytic perspective

Freud; How personalities are determined by what happens in childhood

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Id

All basic instincts

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Pleasure Principle

Demands immediate, unrestrained gratification

4

Ego

Decision maker

5

Reality Principle

Satisfy needs without getting in trouble

6

Superego

Moral conscience

7

Personality Development (Freud)

Psychosexual stages

8

Libido

Free-flowing sexual energy

9

Fixation

Stuck at a stage

10

Oral stage

Birth-18 months; mouth

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Anal stage

18 months- 3 years; potty training

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Anal retentive

Over gratified at anal stage; clean, organized

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Anal expulsive

Under gratified at anal stage; slob, messy

14

Phallic stage

3-6 years; Symbolically focussed on genitals

15

Oedipus complex

Boys want mom, castration anxiety, scared of dad, latch onto dad since dad can have mom

16

Electra complex

Boys have something girls do not, want it, want dad, mom had dad, latches onto dad

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Latent stage

6-12 years; libido diffused

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Genital stage

12+; sexual maturity

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Defensive mechanisms

Ego twists reality to make it less threatening

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Repression

Things that cause anxiety are pushed into the unconscious

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Regression

Return to behaviors which reduced anxiety at an earlier age

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Reaction formation

Unacceptable impulse turned into the opposite

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Projection

Anxiety causing feelings are projected onto someone else

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Rationalization

Give explanations that aren't the real reasons but are more acceptable

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Displacement

React to something that was not actually what caused the anxiety

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Sublimation

Take energy caused by anxiety and turn it into something useful or acceptable

27

Assessing unconscious

Use projective tests

28

Thematic Apperception Test

Show picture, they tell a story

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Rorschach test

Ink blots

30

Why repression is false

Bad memories are remembered really well

31

Why Unconscious is false

We aren't aware of a lot in out minds but its info processing

32

Why Freud was unscientific

Can't empirically test it

33

Neo-Freudians

Accept personality structure and huge unconscious, don't focus on sex and aggression

34

Humanistic perspective

Humans are inherently good, studies average people

35

Maslow's Hierarchy of needs

Self actualization (accept ourselves, caring)

36

Carl Rogers

Self concept is the core of our personality; growth-promoting climate

37

Genuineness

Can disclose info and make connections

38

Acceptance

Unconditional positive regard

39

Empathy

Really listen and share in feelings

40

Self esteem

Feelings of self worth

41

Low self esteem

Critical and judgmental of others, depression, and anxiety

42

Self-serving bias

We have the tendency to think more positively of ourselves than is warranted

43

Evaluating humanism

Appealing but subjective and unscientific, individualistic

44

Trait perspective

ID certain dimensions and traits of personality

45

Big 5

Emotional stability; extraversion; Openness; Agreeableness; Conscientiousness

46

Myers Briggs

4 dichotomies

47

MMPI

ID clinical disorders; most widely used

48

Social-cognitive perspective

Personalities are shaped by our environment

49

Reciprocal determinism

Personalities shaped by situation, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

50

Problems with social-cognitive

Too much on situation, not enough on traits