Chapter 2 - Suffixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Suffixes Deck (104):
0

-ad

toward

cephalad - toward the head

1

-algia

pain

neuralgia - nerve pain

2

-asthenia

weakness

neurasthenia - condition with vague symptoms, such as weakness

3

-blast

immature, forming

astroblast - immature cell

4

-cele

hernia

cystocele - hernia of the urinary bladder

5

-cidal

destroying, killing

suicidal - likely to kill oneself

6

-cide

destroying, killing

bacteriocide - agent that destroys bacteria

7

-crine

secreting

endocrine - gland that secretes hormones into the bloodstream

8

-crit

separate

hematocrit - percentage of volume of a blood sample that is composed of cells

9

-cyte

cell

thrombocyte - blood platelet

10

-cytosis

condition of cells

erythrocytosis - condition with an abnormal number of red blood cells in the blood

11

-derma

skin

scleroderma - hardening of the skin

12

-desis

binding

arthrodesis - stiffening of a joint

13

-dynia

pain

neurodynia - nerve pain

14

-ectasia

expansion; dilation

neurectasia - operation with dilation of a nerve

15

-ectasis

expanding; dilating

bronchiectasis - condition with chronic dilation of the bronchi

16

-ectomy

removal of

appendectomy - removal of the appendix

17

-edema

swelling

lymphedema - swelling as a result of obstructed lymph nodes

18

-ema

condition

empyema - pus in a body cavity

19

-emesis

vomiting

hematemesis - vomiting of blood

20

-emia

blood

anemia - deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin

21

-esthesia

sensation

paresthesia - abnormal sensation, such as tingling

22

-form

in the shape of

uniform - having the same shape throughout

23

-gen

producing, coming to be

carcinogen - cancer-causing agent

24

-genesis

production of

pathogenesis - production of disease

25

-genic

producing

iatrogenic - induced by treatment

26

-globin

protein

hemoglobin - protein of red blood cells

27

-globulin

protein

immunoglobulin - one of certain structurally related proteins

28

-gram

a recording

electrocardigram - brain scan

29

-graph

recording instrument

encephalograph - instrument for measuring brain activity

30

-graphy

process of recording

echocardiography - graphic record of the electric activity in the heart

31

-iasis

pathological condition or state

psoriasis - chronic skin disease

32

-ic

pertaining to

gastric - relating to the stomach

33

-ism

condition, disease, doctrine

dwarfism - condition characterized by abnormally small size

34

-itis (pl., itides)

inflammation

nephritis - kidney inflammation
neuritides - inflammation of nerves

35

-kinesia

movement

bradykinesia - decrease in movement

36

-kinesis

movement

hyperkinesis - excessive muscular movement

37

-lepsy

condition of

catalepsy - condition characterized by seizures of extreme rigidity

38

-leptic

having seizures

cataleptic - person with catalepsy

39

-logist

one who practices

dermatologist - one who practices dermatology

40

-logy

study, practice

dermatology - study and treatment of skin disorders

41

-lysis

destruction of

electrolysis - permanent removal of unwanted hair

42

-lytic

destroying

thrombolytic - dissolving a thrombus

43

-malacia

softening

osteomalacia - gradual softening of bone

44

-mania

obsession

monomania - obsession with one idea

45

-megaly

enlargement

cephalomegaly - abnormal enlargement of the head

46

-meter

measuring device

ophthalmometer - device for measuring cornea curvature

47

-oma (pl., -omata)

tumor, neoplasm

myoma (myomata) - neoplasm of muscle tissue

48

-opia

vision

diplopia - double vision

49

-opsia

vision

chloropsia - condition of seeing objects as green

50

-opsy

view of

biopsy - cutting from living tissue to be viewed

51

-osis (pl., -oses)

condition, state, process

halitosis - chronic bad breath

52

-ostomy

opening

colostomy - surgical opening in the colon

53

-oxia

oxygen

anoxia - lack of oxygen

54

-paresis

slight paralysis

monoparesis - paralysis of only one extremity

55

-parous

producing; bearing

viviparous - bearing living young

56

-pathy

disease

osteopathy - bone disease

57

-penia

deficiency

leukopenia - condition with fewer than normal white blood cells

58

-pepsia

digestion

dyspepsia - impaired digestion

59

-phasia

speaking

aphasia - loss of or reduction in speaking ability

60

-pheresis

removal

leukapheresis - removal of leukocytes from drawn blood

61

-phil

attraction; affinity for

cyanophil - element that turns blue after staining

62

-philia

attraction; affinity for

hemophilia - blood disorder with tendency to hemorrhage

63

-phobia

fear

acrophobia - fear of heights

64

-phonia

sound

neuraphonia - loss of sounds

65

-phoria

feeling; carrying

euphoria - feeling of well-being

66

-phrenia

of the mind

schizophrenia - term for a common psychosis

67

-plakia

plaque

leukoplakia - white patch on the mucous membrane

68

-plasia

formation

dysplasia - abnormal tissue formation

69

-plasm

formation

protoplasm - living matter

70

-plastic

forming

hemoplastic - forming new blood cells

71

-plasty

surgical repair

rhinoplasty - plastic surgery of the nose

72

-plegia

paralysis

quadriplegia - paralysis of all four limbs

73

-plegic

one who is paralyzed

quadriplegic - person who has quadriplegia

74

-pnea

breath

eupnea - easy, normal respiration

75

-poiesis

formation

erythropoiesis - formation of red blood cells

76

-poietin

one that forms

erythropoietin - an acid that aids in the formation of red blood cells

77

-porosis

lessening in density

osteoporosis - lessening of bone density

78

-ptosis

falling down; drooping

blepharoptosis - drooping eyelid

79

-rrhage

discharging heavily

hemorrhage - to bleed profusely

80

-rrhagia

heavy discharge

tracheorrhagia - hemorrhage from the trachea

81

-rrhaphy

surgical suturing

herniorrhaphy - surgical repair of a hernia

82

-rrhea

a flowing, a flux

dysmenorrhea - difficult menstrual flow

83

-rrhexis

rupture

cardiorrhexis - rupture of the heart wall

84

-schisis

splitting

spondyloschisis - failure of fusion of the vertebral arch in an embryo

85

-scope

instrument (especially one used for observing or measuring)

microscope - instrument for viewing small objects

86

-scopy

use of an instrument for observing

microscopy - use of microscopes

87

-somnia

sleep

insomnia - inability to sleep

88

-spasm

contraction

esophagospasm - spasm of the walls of the esophagus

89

-stalsis

contraction

peristalsis - movement of the intestines by contraction and relaxation of its tube

90

-stasis

stopping; constant

homeostasis - state of equilibrium in the body

91

-stat

agent to maintain a state

bacteriostat - agent that inhibits bacterial growth

92

-static

maintaining a state

hemostatic - stopping blood flow within a vessel

93

-stenosis

narrowing

stenostenosis - narrowing of the parotid duct

94

-stomy

opening

colostomy - surgical opening in the colon

95

-tome

cutting instrument, segment

osteotome - instrument for cutting bone

96

-tomy

cutting operation

laparotomy - incision in the abdomen

97

-trophic

nutritional

atrophic - of a wasting state, often due to malnutrition

98

-trophy

nutrition

dystrophy - changes that result from inadequate nutrition

99

-tropia

turning

esotropia - crossed eyed

100

-tropic

turning toward

neurotropic - localizing in nerve tissue

101

-tropy

condition of turning toward

neurotropy - affinity of certain contrast mediums for nervous tissue

102

-uria

urine

pyuria - pus in the urine

103

-version

turning

retroversion - a turning backward (said of uterus)